On This Day

Events in History on February 19

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

197 Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstates the veneration of icons in churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou gains the title Duke of Brabant, the hereditary sovereign of the Dutch United Provinces

CrownRoyal Coronation

1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

  • 1600 Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history
  • 1624 English "Happy Parliament", the final Parliament of King James I opens at Westminster
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 Charles Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1797 One third of papal domain ceded to France

  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 US Vice President Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run in Pennsylvania
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized

Historic InventionThomas Edison's Phonograph

1878 Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph)

Learn More
Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
Learn More
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 "Enigma Outbreak" of over 60 tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill hundreds, if not over a thousand (hence the "enigma") people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support

USANo Babies Please!

1914 Four-year old Charlotte May Pierstorff mailed by train from Grangeville, Idaho to her grandparents’ house 73 miles away in most famous 'child in the post' instance

Learn More
Children "mailed" by their parents because it was cheaper to mail them - if a child came in under the 50 pound parcel weight limit, than other ways to travel
Learn More

  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1943 German tanks under Generalmajor Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia

  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

Learn More
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Groundbreaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1963 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

  • 1968 1st US teachers' strike (Florida)
  • 1968 "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" debuts on NET (now PBS)
  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
  • 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan.
  • 1972 Harry Nilsson's single "Without You" begins a 4 week run at the top of the charts. [The song was originally written and performed by the English band Badfinger in 1970, and would reach the top ten again with Mariah Carey's 1994 cover.]
  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashes approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
  • 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola

  • 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
  • 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spends 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1986 King Hussein of Jordan severs ties with PLO
  • 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
  • 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
  • 1987 Minnesota sheriff's office arrest FBI's most wanted, Thomas G. Harrelson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
  • 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands
  • 1992 Peter Collins discovers nova Cygni 1992
  • 1992 Porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
  • 1992 Professional Spring Football League announces end of operations, 10 days before the scheduled season opener; 10 teams had players in camp and practicing, and rosters cut down to 60 players
  • 1993 "Happy Nation" debut studio album by Ace of Base is released
  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
  • 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec) and European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
  • 1995 Michael Tippett's "Rose Lake," premieres
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM

  • 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
  • 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
  • 2001 An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial
  • 2002 NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
  • 2007 Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala
  • 2007 Blogging website Tumblr is founded by David Karp in New York
  • 2008 Serzh Sargsyan wins the Armenian Presidential Election
  • 2012 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana'a
  • 2014 Death toll in Ukraine reaches 26 after Government crackdown on protesters
  • 2018 Syrian government forces bombard Gouta in deadliest day in 3 years, killing over 100 civilians
  • 2018 At least 17 killed when a garbage mound collapses in Maputo, Mozambique
  • 2018 Nigeria says 110 girls missing, presumed kidnapped by Boko Haram after attack on school in Dapchi, Yobe state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Bernie Sanders announces he is running for President for a second time

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
  • 2019 New York city bans hair discrimination, to limit racial stereotyping
  • 2019 Vatican confirms secret church guidelines for children of priests
  • 2020 German gunman opens fire in a bar in Hanau, Germany, killing nine in a racially motivated attack