Events in History on February 19

Victory in Battle

197 Battle of Lugdunum [Battle of Lyon]: Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Historic Event

356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples

  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstates the veneration of icons in churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1516 Consecration of the Lady Chapel, part of Westminster Abbey, by Henry VII, called "one of the most perfect buildings ever erected in England" [1]
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou gains the title Duke of Brabant, the hereditary sovereign of the Dutch United Provinces

Royal Coronation

1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

  • 1600 Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history
  • 1624 English "Happy Parliament", the final Parliament of King James I opens at Westminster
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Historic Event

1771 Charles Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)

Historic Event

1797 The Peace of Tolentino : Pope Pius VI cedes Papal territories of Avignon, Venaissin, Ferrara, Bologna, and the Romagna to France

  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Historic Event

1807 US Vice President Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

Historic Discovery

1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III

  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run in Pennsylvania
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 "Enigma Outbreak" of over 60 tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill hundreds, if not over a thousand (hence the "enigma") people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 W.K. Kellogg (after falling out with brother over development credit and wanting to add sugar to cereal) joins Charles D. Bolin in founding the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's

Historic Event

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support

No Babies Please!

1914 Four-year old Charlotte May Pierstorff mailed by train from Grangeville, Idaho to her grandparents’ house 73 miles away in most famous 'child in the post' instance

  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Historic Event

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois in Paris

  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used in Schenectady, NY

Historic Event

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Historic Event

1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers

  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC

Election of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ

Historic Event

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1943 German tanks under Major General Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

Historic Event

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Groundbreaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Publication

1963 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

Historic Event

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Historic Event

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

  • 1968 1st US teachers' strike (Florida)
  • 1968 Children's educational TV program "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" debuts on NET (now PBS)
  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan
  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashes approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
  • 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
  • 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
  • 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spends 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1986 King Hussein of Jordan severs ties with PLO
  • 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
  • 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
  • 1987 Minnesota sheriff's office arrest FBI's most wanted, Thomas G. Harrelson

Historic Event

1987 US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland

  • 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
  • 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands
  • 1992 American porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
  • 1992 Professional Spring Football League announces end of operations, 10 days before the scheduled season opener; 10 teams had players in camp and practicing, and rosters cut down to 60 players
  • 1993 "Happy Nation" debut studio album by Ace of Base is released
  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
  • 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec) and European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
  • 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
  • 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
  • 2001 An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial
  • 2002 NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
  • 2007 Blogging website Tumblr is founded by David Karp in New York
  • 2007 Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala
  • 2008 Serzh Sargsyan wins the Armenian Presidential Election
  • 2012 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana'a
  • 2014 Death toll in Ukraine reaches 26 after Government crackdown on protesters
  • 2018 At least 17 killed when a garbage mound collapses in Maputo, Mozambique
  • 2018 Nigeria says 110 girls missing, presumed kidnapped by Boko Haram after attack on school in Dapchi, Yobe state
  • 2018 Syrian government forces bombard Gouta in deadliest day in 3 years, killing over 100 civilians

Historic Event

2019 Bernie Sanders announces he is running for President for a second time

  • 2019 New York city bans hair discrimination, to limit racial stereotyping
  • 2019 Vatican confirms secret church guidelines for children of priests
  • 2020 German gunman opens fire in a bar in Hanau, Germany, killing nine in a racially motivated attack