Events in History on February 22

Historic Event

303 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian at Nicomedia, ordering all churches to be closed and scriptures burnt

  • 896 Pope Formosus crowned Arnulf King of Carinthia and Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1071 Battle of Cassel; Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III/I
  • 1281 Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV
  • 1288 Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV
  • 1300 Pope Boniface VIII issues papal bull (decree) instating a Jubilee Year, granting forgiveness of sins and debts for those who fulfill various conditions
  • 1349 Jews are expelled from Zurich, Switzerland

Historic Event

1415 English King Henry V lays the foundation stone for Syon Abbey for nuns of the Bridgettine Order. Became one of the wealthiest abbeys in England.

Historic Event

1495 French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown

  • 1561 William of Orange appointed viceroy of Burgundy and Charolais

Historic Publication

1632 Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems" is published

Historic Event

1633 St. Peter's Baldachin, the cathedral's sculptural centerpiece, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is inaugurated by Pope Urban VIII in Rome

  • 1656 New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • 1744 Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié: British vs. French & Spanish fleet
  • 1746 French troops conquer Brussels
  • 1746 Jacobite troops vacate Aberdeen
  • 1774 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1775 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
  • 1775 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1784 1st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China", sails from NY

Last Invasion of Britain

1797 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

  • 1819 The Adams–Onís Treaty between Spain and the United States is signed, ceding Florida to the US and defining the boundary between the US and New Spain
  • 1825 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1828 Russia & Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1836 Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • 1847 Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army
  • 1854 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 1856 1st national meeting of Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 1860 Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Massachusetts, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 1861 On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
  • 1864 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • 1864 2nd and last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 1864 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Battle of Dug Hill), Tennessee
  • 1865 Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 1865 Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
  • 1872 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • 1876 Johns Hopkins University opens
  • 1878 Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo, Ohio)
  • 1879 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W. Woolworth in Utica, New York (failed almost immediately)
  • 1882 The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
  • 1882 With 120 miles James Saunders wins NYC's 24 hour race & $100 prize
  • 1887 Union Labor Party organized in Cincinnati
  • 1889 US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union

Historic Event

1892 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

  • 1898 Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City, South Carolina
  • 1900 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1903 Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
  • 1904 The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy
  • 1904 The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina; the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
  • 1906 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California
  • 1907 1st cabs with taxi meters begin operating in London
  • 1907 Leonid Andreyev's "Zhizn Cheloveka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1911 The Canadian Parliament resolves to maintain union with the British Empire, while controlling domestic fiscal affairs
  • 1912 J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • 1915 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • 1916 The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • 1917 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • 1918 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1920 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • 1922 Congress authorizes Grant Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1922 London issues a unilateral declaration of Egyptian independence
  • 1923 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
  • 1923 Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • 1927 Baruch Spinosa's house of mourning opened as a museum
  • 1928 1st solo flight from England to Australia lands in Darwin, 15 ½ days after take off, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler
  • 1932 Purple Heart (the Badge of Military Merit) award reinstituted
  • 1933 Hungarian scholar and the founder of Tibetan studies Alexander Csoma de Kőrös declared a Bodhisattva (Buddhist saint) in Japan

Historic Event

1934 André Malraux and Édouard Corniglion-Molinier set out to find the lost capital of the Queen of Sheba, as mentioned in the Old Testament

  • 1935 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House
  • 1936 Construction on Ypenburg Neth airport begins

Historic Event

1939 Netherlands recognizes Franco regime in Spain

  • 1940 Finnish troops vacate Koivisto island
  • 1940 German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578
  • 1941 Arthur "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
  • 1941 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941 IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • 1941 Nazi police raid Amsterdam and round up 429 young Jews for deportation to be sent to Buchenwald and Mauthausen concentration camps

'I Shall Return'

1942 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

  • 1943 Members of White Rose student resistance group are executed in Nazi Germany
  • 1944 World War II: US Army Air Forces accidentally bomb Dutch town of Nijmegen, around 800 civilians die
  • 1945 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • 1945 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • 1948 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • 1955 British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sets sail
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria form United Arab Republic (UAR)
  • 1958 Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra and Menado, Celebes
  • 1965 USSR launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test)
  • 1966 Soviets launch Kosmos 110 with Veterok & Ugolek, 1st 2-dog crew
  • 1967 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against the Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII.
  • 1967 Barbara Garson's "MacBird" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani becomes Emir & Prime Minister of Qatar
  • 1972 The Official IRA bombs Aldershot military barracks, the headquarters of the British Parachute Regiment, killing seven people; thought to be in retaliation for Bloody Sunday.

Meeting of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon, meets with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in Beijing

  • 1973 US & China agree to establish liaison offices in Beijing & Washington, D.C.
  • 1974 Ethiopian police shoot at demonstrators
  • 1978 2 tankers with propane gas explode killing 15 at Waverly, Tenn
  • 1979 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo's Primate & Cat Building is dedicated (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1979 St Lucia gains independence from Britain
  • 1980 Afghanistan declares martial law
  • 1982 NYC Mayor Koch announces he will run for NY governor (unsuccessful)

Historic Event

1983 Harold Washington wins Chicago's Democratic mayoral primary

  • 1983 Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India
  • 1986 Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines
  • 1987 Bruno Marie-Rose runs world record 200m indoor (20.36 sec)
  • 1989 Finish ministry of Public health installs sex vacation to thwart stress
  • 1989 NY Lotto pays $26.9 million to one winner (#s are 1-5-12-19-44-50)
  • 1989 US authors demonstrate against Iranian death threats against Salman Rushdee, author of "The Satanic Verses"
  • 1992 Barry Diller resigns as CEO of Fox
  • 1993 Vinod Kambli scores 224 v England at Bombay, 411 balls, 23 fours
  • 1995 Algiers police kill at least 99 prison rioters
  • 1995 Steve Fossett completes 1st air balloon over Pacific Ocean (9600 km)
  • 1996 STS 75 (Columbia 19), launches into orbit

Historic Event

1997 Dolly the Sheep, world's first cloned mammal (from an adult cell) is announced by the Roslin Institute in Scotland

  • 2002 Angolan revolutionary politician and military leader of UNITA, Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush in the province of Moxico
  • 2006 At least six men stage Britain's biggest robbery ever, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent
  • 2010 Taiwan's economy exits from the recession with 9.22% growth in the last quarter of 2009 after increased demand from China and other key markets in the region
  • 2011 An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people
  • 2012 Train crash in Buenos Aires, Argentina, kills 50 and injures hundreds
  • 2013 13 Chadian soldiers and 65 Muslim insurgents are killed in conflict in Northern Mali
  • 2013 29 people are killed and 150 are injured by 3 Syrian army missiles in Aleppo
  • 2013 The European Commission forecast for 2013 expects growth of 0.1% across the 27 members of the EU but a contraction of 0.3% in the Eurozone economy
  • 2013 The UK's AAA credit rating is downgraded by Moody's Investors Service to AA+; the agency expects growth to "remain sluggish over the next few years"
  • 2014 Matteo Renzi becomes Prime Minister of Italy

Historic Event

2014 Viktor Yanukovych is ousted as President of Ukraine by the parliament following the Euromaidan revolution

  • 2016 10 million people are without water in Delhi after caste protests in Jat sabotage the Munak water canal
  • 2017 Discovery of 7 Earth-sized planets orbiting star Trappist-1 announced in Journal "Nature" - raises possibility of alien life

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump overturns Obama directive on Transgender rights to use toilets

Historic Event

2018 Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak stirs up controversy by declaring he prefers quinoa to rice, the national dish

  • 2018 Neanderthals, not humans, were the first artists on Earth, producing red cave paintings 65,000 years ago in Spain, according to new research published in "Science"
  • 2021 Influential French dance duo Daft Punk announce their split after 28 years
  • 2021 US death toll from COVID-19 passes 500,000, higher than US deaths in World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War combined

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 US President Joe Biden and vice-president Kamala Harris hold a candle-lighting ceremony to mark the 500,000 COVID-19 deaths outside the White House "We must not grow numb to the sorrow"

Historic Event

2021 Wife of drug cartel boss "El Chapo" Emma Coronel Aispuro arrested in the US on drug trafficking charges and conspiring to free her husband from prison

  • 2022 Three white men convicted of killing black jogger Ahmaud Arbery found guilty of federal hate crimes, in Georgia [1]
  • 2022 US President Joe Biden announces new sanctions against Russia, saying its latest moves in Ukraine amount to "the beginning of a Russian invasion" [1]