Events in History on February 27

  • 837 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1526 Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • 1531 Evangelical German towns form Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1557 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London

Royal Coronation

1594 Henry IV crowned King of France

  • 1626 Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci
  • 1665 Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-admiral De Ruyter beats English
  • 1667 Abraham Crijnssen conquers Fort Willoughby (Zeelandia), Suriname
  • 1670 Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
  • 1678 Earl of Shaftesbury freed from the Tower of London
  • 1693 1st women's magazine "Ladies' Mercury" published in London, England
  • 1696 English/Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Association

Historic Event

1700 English explorer William Dampier is the 1st British person to visit the Pacific Island of New Britain, which he names

  • 1713 French troops bomb Willemstad, Curacao
  • 1801 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • 1803 Great fire in Bombay, India

Historic Event

1812 The flag of Argentina, created by Manuel Belgrano, is first raised at Rosario

  • 1813 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 1813 US Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail

Historic Event

1816 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon

  • 1827 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
  • 1844 Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)

Historic Event

1860 Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency

  • 1861 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1861 US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
  • 1864 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864 Near Andersonville, Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 1865 Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 1869 John Menard is 1st African American to make a speech in the US Congress
  • 1871 Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 1872 Charlotte Ray, 1st African American woman lawyer in USA, graduates from Howard University
  • 1873 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • 1879 Russian Chemist Constantin Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener) [1]
  • 1881 Battle at Amajuba: South African Boers vs British army under General Colley
  • 1883 Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • 1890 D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m) in San Francisco; match is a draw
  • 1900 Battle of Paardeberg: Boer General Piet Cronjé surrenders to the British after a prolonged siege
  • 1900 In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, results in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
  • 1901 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • 1901 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • 1906 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides

Historic Event

1907 Psychiatrists Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud meet for the first time in Vienna

  • 1908 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)

Historic Event

1912 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway

  • 1919 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
  • 1919 American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
  • 1921 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy
  • 1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • 1922 G B Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh I/II" premieres in NYC

Theater Premiere

1922 George Bernard Shaw's largest-scale play "Back to Methusaleh" premieres at Garrick Theatre in NYC

Conference of Interest

1922 US Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover convenes 1st National Radio Conference

  • 1922 US Supreme Court unanimously upholds 19th amendment to the US Constuituent - women's right to vote
  • 1924 Belgium's Theunis government falls

Historic Event

1925 Adolf Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich

  • 1929 Turkey signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
  • 1932 Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA leaves 38 dead

Theater Premiere

1933 Jean Genet's play "Intermezzo" premieres in Paris

Reichstag Fire

1933 Nazi Germany's parliament building "The Reichstag" is destroyed by fire; possibly set by the Nazis, who blame and execute Dutch Communist Marinus van der Lubbe

  • 1939 Belgian government of Pierlot falls
  • 1939 Borley Rectory, "the most haunted house in England", destroyed in a fire

Historic Event

1939 Britain and France recognize Francisco Franco's government in Spain

  • 1939 Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes
  • 1940 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14 (radiocarbon dating) at the University of California Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, California
  • 1942 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk and 2 Japanese
  • 1942 J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
  • 1943 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • 1943 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men
  • 1945 Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • 1946 4th "Road" film "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC)
  • 1947 French explorer Paul-Emile Victor founds French Polar Expeditions to oversee French scientific missions

Historic Event

1949 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel

Election of Interest

1950 General Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China

  • 1951 22nd amendment ratified, limiting US Presidents to 2 terms
  • 1956 Female suffrage granted in Egypt
  • 1957 Mao's famous speech to the Supreme State Conference "On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People" expounding Maoist ideals
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated

Assassination Attempt

1962 South Vietnam President Ngô Đình Diệm's palace bombed by dissident air pilots in a failed assassination attempt

  • 1964 The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
  • 1965 Dutch Marijnen government resigns
  • 1965 France performs Underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1966 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Belousova and Protopopov of the Soviet Union
  • 1966 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Emmerich Danzer of Austria
  • 1967 Antigua & St Christopher-Nevis become associated states of UK
  • 1967 Dominica gains independence from England
  • 1967 Rio de la Plata Treaty

Coup d'état

1969 General Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via military coup

  • 1969 President Nixon visits West Berlin
  • 1970 NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended domestic surveillance
  • 1971 Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform aborti provocati

Historic Event

1972 US President Richard Nixon and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai issue Shanghai Communique

  • 1973 American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee in South Dakota

Historic Publication

1973 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution motu proprio Quo aptius

  • 1974 "People" magazine begins sales
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin
  • 1975 US House of Representatives pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1980 Israel & Egypt exchange ambassadors
  • 1980 Terrorists occupies Dominican embassy in Bogota
  • 1981 Greatest passenger load on a commercial airliner-610 on Boeing 747
  • 1982 Earl Anthony becomes 1st pro bowler to win more than $1 million
  • 1982 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1982 Wayne Williams found guilty of murdering 2 of 28 blacks in Atlanta
  • 1983 Eamonn Coghlan of Ireland set indoor mile record of 3:49.78
  • 1984 Worker's union leader Billy Nair freed in South Africa
  • 1984 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. changes call letters to WWRC
  • 1985 Farmers converge in Washington to demand economic relief
  • 1985 Mauritania's new constitutional charter published
  • 1985 US dollar is worth Ÿ3.9355 (Netherlands)
  • 1987 "Washington Week In Review" 20th anniversary on PBS
  • 1987 Donald Regan resigns as White House chief of staff
  • 1988 Gulfstream G-IV goes around the world 36:08:34
  • 1989 German war criminals Aus der Funten and Fischer freed in Holland
  • 1989 Venezuela is rocked by the riots of Caracazo
  • 1990 Exxon Corp and Exxon Shipping are indicted on 5 criminal counts (Valdez)

Black Tot Day

1990 Final day of the rum ration in the Royal New Zealand Navy

  • 1991 Ben Elton's "Silly Cow" premieres in London
  • 1991 Noureddine Morcelli set 1500m mark at 3:34:16
  • 1993 PBA National Championship Won by Ron Palombi Jr
  • 1994 Maronite church near Beirut bombed, 10 killed
  • 1995 Car bomb explodes in Zakho, North-Iraq (54-80 killed)
  • 1996 Mark Waugh scores 126 in World Cup against India
  • 1998 Apple discontinues development of the Newton computer
  • 1998 Britain's House of Lords agrees to end 1,000 years of male precedence by giving a monarch's first-born daughter the same claim to the throne as any first born son
  • 1998 FBI arrests 10 most wanted suspected serial killer Tony Ray Amati
  • 1998 NE Patriot David Meggett arrested in Toronto on sex assault charges
  • 1999 Korea International School is founded by Soon-Il Chung
  • 1999 Olusegun Obasanjo becomes Nigeria's first elected president since mid-1983
  • 2002 Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya
  • 2002 Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire in London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation.
  • 2003 Former Bosnian Serb leader Biljana Plavsic is sentenced by the U.N. tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, to 11 years in prison
  • 2003 Rowan Williams is enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 2004 A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116
  • 2004 Former BPMC general secretary Ordrick Samuel launches a new party in Barbuda, Barbudans for a Better Barbuda
  • 2007 The Chinese Correction: the Shanghai Stock Exchange falls 9%, the largest drop in 10 years
  • 2007 The general strike against Lansana Conté in Guinea ends
  • 2009 Statistics Finland informs that Finland's gross domestic product diminished by 1.3% in the last quarter of 2008 from the previous quarter
  • 2010 Central Chile is hit with an 8.8 magnitude earthquake.
  • 2012 Wikileaks begins disclosing 5 million emails from private intelligence company Stratfor
  • 2013 17 Afghan militia are killed by Taliban insurgents in an attack in the Andar District
  • 2013 20 people are killed in a market fire in Calcutta, India

Historic Event

2013 Pope Benedict XVI presents his farewell address to Vatican City

  • 2014 Arseniy Yatsenyuk appointed Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • 2014 Chaos erupts after the Swedish Public Employment Service mistakenly invites 61,000 people to a job interview in Stockholm
  • 2014 Republic of Crimea announces a referendum and ousts its regional government
  • 2014 US Republican Governor Jan Brewer vetoes a "religious freedom" bill that would have allowed businesses to turn away gay customers
  • 2015 Russian politician Boris Nemtsov is assassinated in Moscow

Historic Event

2018 Jared Kushner, son-in-law of President Trump, has his top-secret security clearance at the White House downgraded

  • 2019 Doctors announce world's second known case of semi-identical twins, a boy and girl from Brisbane, Australia
  • 2019 First gun control legislation for 25 years passed by US House of Representatives, with new federal background checks

Historic Event

2019 Michael Cohen, former lawyer to Donald Trump testifies before the House Oversight Committee saying Trump is "racist", a "con man" and "a cheat"

  • 2019 Pakistan shoots down an Indian fighter jet and captures the pilot, further escalating tensions in the disputed Kashmir region

Summit of Interest

2019 Second summit begins between US President Donald Trump and North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un in Hanoi, Vietnam

  • 2019 Smallest baby boy ever born to be later successfully released, goes home, after original birth weight of 268g (9.45oz) from Tokyo hospital
  • 2019 Train crashes into a buffer at Cairo's main railway station killing 25 and injuring dozens in Egypt
  • 2020 Biggest cosmic explosion ever detected from a supermassive black hole in Ophiuchus galaxy 390 million lights years away, (size of 15 Miky Ways), published in "Astrophysical Journal"

COVID-19

2020 Dow Jones Index suffers its biggest points fall in history closing down 1,190.95 in New York amid concerns about COVID-19

  • 2021 US authorizes its third COVID-19 vaccine from Johnson & Johnson, a one-shot vaccine
  • 2022 Countries sanction Russia for its invasion of Ukraine; EU closes its airspace to Russian planes, Russian banks excluded from worldwide Swift payment system, Sweden sends arms to Ukraine
  • 2022 EU warns Russian invasion of Ukraine means Europe facing major humanitarian crisis, 18 million Ukrainians displaced with four million refugees fleeing the country