Events in History on February 28

  • 202 BC Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty's rule over China
  • 364 Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor (rules till 375)
  • 870 8th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
  • 1570 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1638 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1646 Roger Scott tried in Massachusetts for sleeping in church
  • 1653 -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beat Dutch
  • 1667 English colony Suriname comes under Dutch controls
  • 1700 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar
  • 1704 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • 1704 Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 40, kidnapping 100
  • 1708 Slave revolt in Newton, Long Island NY results in 11 deaths
  • 1710 In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock
  • 1730 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • 1749 1st edition of Henry Fieldings' novel "Tom Jones" published
  • 1759 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • 1778 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves

Historic Event

1784 John Wesley charters Methodist Church

  • 1787 The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted
  • 1794 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • 1804 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested
  • 1810 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 1826 Biela's Comet rediscovered by Austrian astronomer Wilhelm von Biela (originally discovered 1772)
  • 1827 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • 1828 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1832 Charles Darwin, aboard HMS Beagle, arrives in the town of Salvador in the Brazilian state of Bahia

  • 1835 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
  • 1838 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)
  • 1844 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer, and other high-ranking U.S. federal officials
  • 1847 US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento

Discovery of Gold in California

1849 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in San Francisco from the east coast

  • 1850 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1854 Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin
  • 1859 Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 1863 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1864 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • 1864 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • 1870 The Bulgarian Exarchate (Orthodox Church) is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1871 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections in US

Historic Event

1878 Congress overrides US President Rutherford B. Hayes veto of the Bland-Allison Act, requiring the Treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars

  • 1878 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 1879 "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political and economic exploitation
  • 1882 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 1883 1st US vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1888 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • 1891 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • 1893 Edward Acheson of Pennsylvania, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum" (Silicon carbide)
  • 1896 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona III of Madagascar and exiles her to the island of Réunion
  • 1899 Legislative Assembly of the Territory of New Mexico passes legislation founding the University of New Mexico, to be established in (or near) Albuquerque
  • 1900 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith in Natal
  • 1908 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • 1909 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • 1914 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the San Francisco Exposition
  • 1915 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1917 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • 1922 KHQ-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Swedish King Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
  • 1924 US begins intervention in Honduras
  • 1925 Congress authorizes a special handling stamp
  • 1925 Theater Museum of Amsterdam forms
  • 1931 British politician Oswald Mosley founds the New Party
  • 1933 1st female in US Cabinet: Frances Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor

Reichstag Fire

1933 After the Reichstag Fire Decree, the German Communist Party (KPD) is essentially outlawed (though not formally banned) after the German government blames the Communists for burning down the Reichstag building

Historic Event

1933 On Adolf Hitler's advice, German President Paul von Hindenburg signs the Reichstag Fire Decree after the building is destroyed by fire in Berlin; this eliminates many civil liberties in Germany

  • 1933 Pacifist and anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky arrested, sent to Esterwegen-Papenburg concentration camp
  • 1935 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • 1935 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen
  • 1935 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer

Historic Event

1939 Great Britain recognizes Franco regime in Spain

  • 1939 The erroneous word "Dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 1939 The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published.
  • 1940 Richard Wright's "Native Son" published
  • 1940 US population at 131,669,275 (12,865,518 African American (9.8%))
  • 1941 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1942 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • 1942 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • 1942 Race riot at Sojourner Truth Homes, a housing project in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1944 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews

February 28 Massacre

1947 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

  • 1951 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • 1951 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates

Historic Event

1952 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada

Historic Event

1953 Francis Crick and James Watson discover the chemical structure of DNA-molecule (double-helix polymer) using studies of x-ray diffraction developed by Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins

  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott, Massachusetts
  • 1956 American engineer Wright Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
  • 1959 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul of Canada, their 3rd title
  • 1959 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss USA
  • 1959 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
  • 1959 Men's World Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins USA
  • 1962 WMGM-AM in New York City changes call letters to WHN
  • 1967 A West German court rules that impostor Anna Anderson failed to prove that she was missing Russian duchess Anastasia Romanov, ending a legal case that lasted almost 30 years
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Hauraki, on a boat floating off coast of NZ, returns to the air
  • 1969 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Rodnina & Ulanov of the Soviet Union
  • 1969 Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Colorado Springs won by Gabriele Seyfert of Great Britain

Election of Interest

1969 Terence O'Neill re-elected as leader of the Unionist Parliamentary Party and thus confirmed as Northern Ireland Prime Minister

  • 1971 A British soldier dies in Derry after his vehicle had been attacked with petrol bombs (he died as a result of inhaling chemicals from fire extinguishers that were used to put out the fire)
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso incident ends in Japan.

Historic Event

1972 US President Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China

  • 1973 Iraq and Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) reach an agreement on compensation for nationalization
  • 1973 Suriname government of Sedney arrests 13 union leaders
  • 1974 Ethiopian government of Makonnen forms
  • 1974 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
  • 1974 UK general election results in a hung parliament
  • 1974 US & Egypt re-form diplomatic relations after 7 years
  • 1975 A major London tube train crash at Moorgate station kills 43 people and injures a further 74.
  • 1975 EG signs accord of Lome with 46 developing countries
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 Spain withdraws from Western Sahara, leaving Ceuta & Melilla (Spanish Morocco) as the last European possessions in Africa
  • 1977 1st killer whale born in captivity (Marineland, Los Angeles California)
  • 1977 Dock strike in Rotterdam/Amsterdam ends
  • 1979 Ernest Thompson's "On Golden Pond" premieres in NYC
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 People's Republic of China throws out the Netherlands ambassador due to Dutch sales of submarines to Taiwan
  • 1982 AT&T looses a record $7 BILLION for the fiscal year ending on this day
  • 1982 FALN (PR Nationalist Group) bombs Wall Street
  • 1986 European Economic Community signs "Special Act" for Europe free trade
  • 1988 Anti-Armenian pogrom in Azerbaijan, 30 killed
  • 1989 Memo by Brian Gumbel criticizing Today Show co-workers becomes public
  • 1989 Nevada-Semipalatinsk anti-nuclear movement founded by Olzhas Suleimenov in Kazakhstan, initially aiming to close Semipalatinsk nuclear test site (closed 1991) [1]
  • 1990 Dutch police seize 3,000 kg of cocaine
  • 1990 US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) launches into orbit
  • 1991 Gulf War ends after Iraq accepts a ceasefire following their retreat from Kuwait
  • 1991 Noureddine Morceli runs world record 1500m indoor (3:34:16)
  • 1993 Gun battle erupts near Waco, Texas at Branch Davidian compound after FBI attempts a raid
  • 1994 Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand gun in the USA, comes into effect
  • 1995 Denver International Airport opens
  • 1995 The US Pentagon announces that it monitored Iranian installation of surface-to-air Hawk missiles in the Strait of Hormuz
  • 1997 Earthquake in Pakistan kills 45
  • 1997 FBI agent Earl Pitts pleads guilty to selling secrets to Russia
  • 1997 Purchasers of cigarettes in US must prove they are over 18
  • 1998 First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.
  • 1998 Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.
  • 2001 Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash
  • 2001 The Nisqually Earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter Scale hits the Nisqually Valley and the Seattle, Tacoma, and Olympia area of the U.S. state of Washington.
  • 2001 The US Environmental Protection Agency announces that it intends to proceed with implementation of tighter restrictions on sulfur content in diesel fuel; the rule is opposed by many in the refining industry
  • 2004 Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947
  • 2005 A suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq kills 127.
  • 2005 Lebanon's pro-Syrian prime minister, Omar Karami, resigns amid large anti-Syria street demonstrations in Beirut.
  • 2007 Jupiter flyby of the New Horizons Pluto-observer spacecraft.
  • 2008 Former Prime Minister of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra is arrested on corruption charges upon returning to Thailand after months of exile.
  • 2012 Discovery of the largest prehistoric penguin, Kairuku grebneffi, at nearly 5ft tall
  • 2012 Occupy London protesters evicted from St Paul's Cathedral
  • 2013 28 people are killed and 60 are injured after a series of bombings across Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 35 people are killed in violent demonstrations across Bangladesh
  • 2013 The brains of two rats successfully connected so that they share information
  • 2014 Russia moves troops into the Crimea to protect its interests against Ukraine
  • 2016 Explosion at Severnaya coal mine in Vorkuta, Russia kills 36, including 5 rescuers
  • 2018 700 illegal churches closed in Rwanda for being too noisy and lacking building permits
  • 2019 Lost Caravaggio painting "Judith and Holofernes" (1607) announced rediscovered in a Toulouse attic in 2014 to be auctioned worth $171 million

Summit of Interest

2019 Summit between North Korea's Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump collapses without agreement

  • 2021 Hong Kong charges 47 with "conspiracy to commit subversion" in harshest implementation of its new security laws imposed by China
  • 2021 Myanmar security forces open fire on protests around the country, killing at least 18, in bloodiest day since the military coup [1]
  • 2022 Russia shells the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, while a 40 mile Russian military convoy approaches capital city of Kyiv
  • 2022 UN Landmark climate change report warns climate change outpacing human efforts to adapt, with best-case scenario rise of 1.5C, 14% of species face "very high risk of extinction" [1]