Events in History on February 4

Roman Empire

211 Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies in Eboracum (York) in England, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta

Royal Coronation

960 Coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of the Song, initiating three centuries of Song Dynasty dominance in southern China

Historic Event

1194 100,000 ransom is paid for Richard I, King of England

  • 1454 In the Thirteen Years' War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master
  • 1508 Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned
  • 1555 Reformer and bible translator John Roger is the first protestant martyr under Mary I, when he is burnt at the stake at Smithfield, London
  • 1586 Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, becomes governor-general of the States General of the United Provinces (Netherlands)

Historic Event

1600 Astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler meet for the first time near Prague

Historic Event

1620 Prince Bethlen Gabor of Hungary signs peace with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II

Historic Event

1657 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, grants residency to Luis Caravajal

  • 1670 Battle of Sinhagad, Shivaji commander Tanaji Malusare recaptures fort of Sinhagad from the Mugals, scaling the walls with help of pet monitor lizard
  • 1697 Three Dutch East India Company ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1699 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • 1783 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 in Calabria, Italy
  • 1784 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland
  • 1787 1st Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • 1787 Shays' Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails

Election of Interest

1789 1st US electoral college chooses George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice President

  • 1797 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • 1803 William Dunlap adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • 1810 Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.
  • 1822 Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • 1824 J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public
  • 1846 Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west
  • 1847 1st US telegraph company established in Maryland
  • 1849 University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • 1854 Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party" in Ripon, Wisconsin
  • 1855 Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela

Historic Event

1861 Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War)

  • 1864 Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 1865 Hawaiian Board of Education formed

Historic Event

1865 Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces

Historic Event

1866 Mary Baker Eddy reportedly cures her injuries by opening a bible

Murder of Interest

1880 "Black Donnelly" massacre in Biddulph, Ontario, Canada: Irish immigrants James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly murdered at home by members of the Vigilance Committee

  • 1887 Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads
  • 1895 1st rolling lift bridge opens in Chicago
  • 1899 The Philippine–American War begins with fighting between American and Philippine revolutionary forces

Historic Event

1901 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform

  • 1904 John Millington Synge's play "Well of Saints" premieres in Dublin
  • 1908 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907
  • 1913 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • 1913 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • 1914 US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law
  • 1915 Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Mississippi State Penitentiary
  • 1917 Belgian Council of Flanders established
  • 1919 City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
  • 1920 1st flight from London to South Africa departs (takes 1½ months)
  • 1922 After boycotts and international pressure, Japan agrees to return Shantung Province to China

Historic Event

1922 First part of Katherine Mansfield's short story "The Garden Party" appears in the Saturday Westminster Gazette

  • 1922 WGY-AM in Schenectady NY begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • 1927 KGA-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 1st tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans
  • 1932 Japanese troops occupy Harbin, Manchuria

Historic Event

1933 German President Paul von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press

  • 1936 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
  • 1937 Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games

Historic Event

1938 Adolf Hitler seizes control of German army and puts Nazis in key posts

  • 1939 Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-min mile beyond human effort
  • 1941 British tanks occupy Maus, Libya
  • 1941 Former Dutch premier De Geer flies to Berlin
  • 1941 United Service Organization (USO) founded
  • 1942 Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II

Theater Premiere

1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich

Theater Premiere

1944 Jean Anouilh's play "Antigone" premieres in Paris

  • 1944 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein, in the Pacific

Yalta Conference

1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of World War II

  • 1946 Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday" premieres in NYC
  • 1948 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK

Assassination Attempt

1949 Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

  • 1950 IV British Empire Games open in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1951 US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer
  • 1951 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1952 Tetsuwan Atom by Osamu Tezuka first published in Weekly Shonen Magazine in Japan
  • 1956 AL plans to test automatic intentional walk during spring training
  • 1957 1st electric portable typewriter placed on sale (Syracuse NY)
  • 1959 Israel begins exporting copper ore
  • 1960 BBWAA voters fail to elect a new Hall of Fame member
  • 1960 Giants move their offices to Candlestick Park

Historic Event

1961 "Angolan War of Independence" begins

  • 1961 Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
  • 1962 US female Figure Skating championship won by Barbara Roles
  • 1962 US male Figure Skating championship won by Monty Hoyt
  • 1964 FAA begins 6 month test of reactions to sonic booms over Oklahoma City
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 All-Nippon Airways 727 crashes off Haneda Airport (Japan); kills 133
  • 1967 US launches Lunar Orbiter 3
  • 1968 Around 100 Indians and Pakistanis from Kenya arrive in Britain, escaping discrimination
  • 1969 41,163, then largest NBA crowd, watches doubleheader Cin-Det, SD-Bost
  • 1969 Lonne Elder's "Ceremonies in Dark Old Men" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1969 The Palestine National Congress appoints Yasser Arafat chairman of the PLO

  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 British automobile and aerospace company Rolls Royce Ltd enters voluntary liquidation
  • 1971 Government exhibit under construction in Brazil collapses, kills 65
  • 1971 Lieutenant-General Vernon Erskine-Crum becomes General Officer Commanding of the British Army in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 National Guard mobilized to quell rioting in Wilmington NC
  • 1971 The NASDAQ stock exchange, the second-largest in the world - behind the New York Stock Exchange - is founded in New York City
  • 1972 6th round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ends in Vienna Austria
  • 1973 An International inspection team is sent to Vietnam to observe progress on the Paris truce agreement
  • 1973 British Army snipers shoot dead a Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer and three civilians at the junction in Belfast during the 'Troubles' in N Ireland
  • 1973 Comic strip "Hagar The Horrible" by Dik Browne debuts
  • 1973 Manfred Kokot runs world record 50m indoor (5.61 sec)
  • 1973 Reshef, Israel's missile boat, unveiled
  • 1974 Chimpanzee Nim Chimsky signs his 1st word, at 2½ months
  • 1974 Petroleum rationing ends in Netherlands
  • 1974 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes on a bus in West Yorkshire, England, carrying British Army soldiers and some of their family members

Historic Event

1974 Randolph Hearst’s 19-year-old daughter, Patty Hearst, is kidnapped from her apartment in California by the Symbionese Liberation Army

  • 1975 Haicheng earthquake, M 7.3, strikes Haicheng, Liaoning, China
  • 1976 7.5 earthquake kills 22,778 in Guatemala & Honduras

Historic Event

1976 Hua Guofeng becomes Premier of the People's Republic of China

  • 1976 US Federal Judge Oliver upholds Seitz's decision on Andy Messersmith free agency
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 Elevated train jumps track, crashes onto Chicago st (11 die, 200 hurt)
  • 1979 End of last 3+day D/N game for 15 yrs (WSC, SCG)
  • 1980 Bani Sadr sworn in as premier of Iran
  • 1980 Studio 54 holds its grand closing party on its last night in business
  • 1982 Indoor distance record for a paper airplane (47m) Tacoma Wash
  • 1982 Suriname premier Chin A Sen flees
  • 1983 Jose Happart becomes mayor of Voeren Belgium
  • 1984 Frank Aquilera sets world frisbee distance record (168m) Las Vegas
  • 1985 20 countries (but not US) sign UN treaty outlawing torture
  • 1985 Naval exercises canceled when US refuses to tell NZ if nuclear weapons aboard USS Buchanan
  • 1986 Israeli fighters intercept Libyan passenger airliner

Historic Event

1987 US President Reagan's veto of Clean Water Act is overridden by Congress

  • 1988 Despite union calls to end the strike, rank-and-file seamen at major British ports refuse to return to work

Historic Event

1988 Panamanian General Manuel Noriega indicted by US federal grand jury for drug trafficking and racketeering

  • 1990 10 Israeli tourists murdered near Cairo
  • 1990 Danny Everett runs world record 400m indoor (45:04)
  • 1991 US postage raises from 25 cents to 29 cents
  • 1993 Admiral William Studeman ends term as acting director of CIA
  • 1993 Russian space agency tests a 82-foot wide space mirror
  • 1994 20 die in armed assault on mosque in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1994 Merlene Ottey runs world record 50 m indoor (6.00 sec)
  • 1994 Russian team beats ladies world record 4x800 m indoor (8:18.71)

Election of Interest

1997 After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Milošević recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.

  • 1997 En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.

Historic Event

1997 US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announces she just discovered that her grandparents were Jewish, three of whom were killed in the Holocaust

  • 1998 An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000

Historic Event

1998 Bill Gates gets a pie thrown in his face in Brussels, Belgium

  • 1999 MV New Carissa runs aground near Coos Bay, Oregon
  • 1999 Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot dead by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race-relations in the city.
  • 2000 German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.
  • 2003 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.

Historic Event

2004 Mark Zuckerberg launches Facebook from his Harvard dormitory room

  • 2006 A stampede occurs in the ULTRA Stadium near Manila killing 71
  • 2012 Tens of thousands of people are stranded by floods in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland
  • 2013 20 people are killed after an apartment building was struck by a rocket in Aleppo, Syria
  • 2013 22 people are killed and 24 are injured after a bus and a truck collide in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 2013 22 people are killed and 44 are injured after a suicide bombing in Taji, Iraq
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 30 are injured after a bus collides with two vehicles and flips in Yucaipa, California
  • 2013 Paris, France annuls 213 year old law banning women from wearing trousers
  • 2014 10 people are killed & 35 injured after a bus falls into a ravine in Pune, India
  • 2014 Same-sex marriage is legalized in Scotland

Historic Event

2014 Satya Nadella succeeds Steve Ballmer as CEO of Microsoft

  • 2016 Morocco's Mohammed VI switches on world's largest solar plant near Ouarzazate. Planned to power 1 million homes when fully completed 2018
  • 2020 Charles McGee, American retired US Air Force officer and fighter pilot of the Tuskegee Airmen promoted from colonel to brigadier general
  • 2021 Denmark approves plans for world's first energy island in the North Sea to provide power to 3 million Europeans
  • 2021 First successful face and double hand transplant announced performed on 22 year-old Joe DiMeo in New York
  • 2021 International Criminal Court convicts Ugandan Lord’s Resistance Army commander Dominic Ongwen of war crimes and crimes against humanity including forced pregnancy in legal first [1]

Battle of Interest

2021 US President Joe Biden announces an end to US support for the Saudi-led offensive in Yemen's civil war

  • 2022 Cyclone Batsirai strikes Madagascar less than a month after Cyclone Ana, causing widespread damage, killing at least 92 people and displacing 91,000 [1]