Events in History on February 7

  • 457 Leo I crowned Eastern Roman Emperor, 1st to be crowned by the Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1074 Battle of Montesarchio: Prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV killed battling the encroaching Normans in southern Italy
  • 1238 Mongolian forces led by General Batu capture and burn the important Russian city of Vladimir, after an eight-day siege

Historic Event

1301 Edward of Caernarfon (later Edward II) becomes the first (English) Prince of Wales

  • 1522 Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish and Austrian Branches

Papal Inauguration

1550 Giovanni Maria del Monte elected Pope Julius III

Historic Event

1569 King Philip II forms Inquisition in South America

  • 1613 Michail Romanov (aged 16) becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1639 Academie Française begins Dictionary of French Language

Appointment of Interest

1653 Nicolas Fouquet appointed France's Superintendent of Finances

Great Siege of Gibraltar

1783 Great Siege of Gibraltar launched by France and Spain against the British colony during American War of Independence is lifted after 3 years and 7 months

  • 1792 Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 1795 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
  • 1795 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 1812 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

Historic Event

1812 Poet Lord Byron (6th Baron Byron) makes his maiden speech in House of Lords

  • 1817 Baltimore becomes the 1st American city lit by gas street lamps with the first turned on at Market and Lemon Streets (currently Baltimore and Holliday Streets)
  • 1818 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician" begins (NYC)
  • 1827 Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
  • 1831 Belgium adopts its Constitution

Historic Publication

1836 "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens

Historic Event

1839 Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than president"

  • 1842 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien

2,000-year-old Glass Treasure Shattered by a Drunk

1845 The Portland Vase, thought to date to the 1st century BC is shattered into more than 80 pieces by a drunken visitor to the British Museum

  • 1856 Colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the 1st piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot
  • 1857 French writer Gustave Flaubert is acquitted on a charge of obscenity for his work "Madame Bovary"
  • 1862 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • 1863 HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189
  • 1864 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1872 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • 1876 US President Grant's private secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
  • 1877 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 1881 Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1883 Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako, Niger
  • 1889 Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in San Francisco
  • 1894 The Cripple Creek miners' strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado
  • 1900 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1904 Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)
  • 1905 Dominican Republic signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
  • 1907 Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
  • 1907 The Mud March, first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
  • 1910 Edmond Rostand's "Chantecler" premieres in Paris
  • 1912 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • 1914 Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, San Francisco
  • 1915 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
  • 1915 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1920 Russian Imperial Navy Admiral Kolchak, leader of anti-communist "White Movement" executed by Bolshevik firing squad in Irkutsk, Russian SFSR
  • 1922 John Willard's "Cat & the Canary" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1924 Benito Mussolini's Italian government exchanges diplomats with USSR

  • 1928 1st solo flight from England to Australia takes off from Croydon, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler (arrives 15 ½ days later)
  • 1933 Colonial troops in Suriname kill 2 demonstrators
  • 1933 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
  • 1934 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • 1936 A flag is authorized for US Vice President
  • 1943 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • 1944 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy

Historic Event

1945 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

  • 1945 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • 1945 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1945 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • 1946 Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee) bill
  • 1947 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine

Historic Event

1948 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as US Army Chief of Staff

  • 1950 Georges Bidault forms French government
  • 1950 Senator Joe McCarthy finds "communists" in US Department of State (equiv. Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Historic Event

1950 United States formally recognizes the State of Vietnam as the legitimate government of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as leader

  • 1958 1st showing of Dutch auto-transmission car, the DAF 600
  • 1959 American pilots Bob Timm and John Cook break recently set airplane flight endurance record, exceeding 1550 hours (64 days, 22 hours, and 19 minutes), landing "The Hacienda", their modified Cessna 172 where they started, in Las Vegas, Nevada [1]

Historic Event

1959 Fidel Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution

  • 1960 Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea
  • 1962 Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine Voelklingen Germany kills 298

Historic Event

1962 US President JFK begins blockade of Cuba by banning all Cuban imports and exports.

  • 1964 Baskin-Robbins introduces Beatle Nut ice cream
  • 1965 Operations begin at Grupo Folklorico Antiyano on Curacao
  • 1965 US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam
  • 1967 A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.
  • 1968 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants falls

Historic Event

1969 Al-Fatah-leader Yasser Arafat becomes president of PLO

  • 1969 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service
  • 1970 LSU's "Pistol" Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause
  • 1970 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1971 Switzerland votes for national women's suffrage in a referendum
  • 1973 North Ireland's United Loyalist Council hold a one-day strike, loyalist paramilitaries forcibly try to stop people going to work
  • 1973 US Senate creates Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
  • 1974 Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)

Historic Event

1974 The Symbionese Liberation Army claim responsibility for the kidnapping of Patty Hearst, daughter of Randolph Hearst

Election of Interest

1974 UK Prime Minister Edward Heath calls for a 'snap' general election in the midst of a protracted miners' strike

  • 1976 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WCPR (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1976 World's largest telescope (600 cm) begins operation (USSR)
  • 1977 Soyuz 24 launches with 2 cosmonauts
  • 1978 Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert
  • 1979 Colonel Benjedid Chadli succeeds president Boumedienne in Algeria
  • 1979 Faoud Bacchus scores 250 for WI v India at Kanpur
  • 1982 Luis A Monge elected President of Costa Rica
  • 1983 1st female secretary of transportation sworn-in (Elizabeth Dole)
  • 1984 American astronaut Bruce McCandless makes 1st untethered space walk
  • 1984 David (born without immunity system) touches his mother for 1st time at age 12
  • 1985 Marshall U's Bruce Morris scores a basket from 92'5"

Election of Interest

1986 Corazon Aquino defeats incumbent Filipino dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos

Historic Event

1986 Haiti's President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier flees to France: Henri Namphy becomes leader of Haiti

  • 1986 US female Figure Skating championship won by Debi Thomas
  • 1987 Police in South Korea make hundreds of arrests during protest demonstrations, the country's biggest for 6 years, after a student died in custody
  • 1990 Karachi police kill 22 anti-nationalistic demonstrators
  • 1990 Lisa Leslie of Morningside HS in Inglewood California scores 101 in 1st half, South Torrance HS decides not to play 2nd half & loses 102-24
  • 1990 USSR Communist party agrees to allow opposition political parties
  • 1991 Jean-Bertrand Aristide sworn in as Haiti's 1st elected president
  • 1991 The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
  • 1992 Maastricht Treaty signed by 12 countries from the European Community (EC) to create the European Union (EU)
  • 1997 US & Russia announce summit set for Helsinki, March 20-21
  • 1999 Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.
  • 2000 Bahria University is established through Presidential Ordinance No. V of 2000 by the Government of Pakistan.
  • 2009 Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
  • 2013 Azerbaijan launches its first satellite, Azerspace-1
  • 2013 Eugène Delacroix's painting "Liberty Leading the People" is vandalized at the Louvre-Lens museum, Northern France
  • 2014 German treasurer Helmut Linssen resigns amid a scandal involving offshore banking accounts in the Bahamas and Panama
  • 2018 "The Los Angeles Times" is bought by LA doctor Patrick Soon-Shiong from Tronc for $500 million
  • 2018 All citrus fruit can be traced to the southeast foothills of the Himalayas, according to DNA study published in "Nature"
  • 2018 Angel Merkel's Christian Democratic Union party reaches a coalition deal with Social Democrats after four months
  • 2018 Armed groups release 300 child soldiers from Yambio, South Sudan according to UN
  • 2018 DNA analysis of Chedder Man, UK's oldest complete skeleton shows he had dark skin and blue eyes

Historic Event

2018 Missing Nigerian painting masterpiece of Ife princess Adetutu Ademiluyi by Ben Enwonwu announced rediscovered in London

  • 2018 White House aide Rob Porter resigns in wake of physical abuse allegations by ex-wives
  • 2019 First reports of poisonous homemade alcohol killing people in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, will go on to kill about 100
  • 2019 France recalls its Italian ambassador from Rome after Italian deputy PM Luigi Di Maio met with yellow vest protesters
  • 2019 Measles cases in Europe highest in a decade, tripling in a year to 82,596 according to WHO
  • 2019 Measles outbreak declared in the Philippines with 1,813 cases and 26 deaths
  • 2019 New kangaroo fossil research published from Riversleigh, Australia, show Kangaroos learned to hop 20 million years ago, much earlier than first thought
  • 2019 Sierra Leone President Julius Maada Bio declares national emergency over rape and sexual assault violence after instances double
  • 2021 Himalayan glacier crashes into the Dhauliganga river, destroying a dam and causing a huge flood in Uttarakhand province, India, killing 26, leaving 150 missing
  • 2022 European security facing its most dangerous moment since the Cold War, amid fears of a Russian invasion of Ukraine, according to EU foreign policy chief [1]

Meeting of Interest

2022 French President Emmanuel Macron meets with Russian leader Vladimir Putin in Moscow amid build-up of Russian troops on border with Ukraine