Events in History on February 9

  • 1234 Mongol army takes the Jin city of Caizhou, last holdout of Jin Emperor Ai-Tsung, who commits suicide rather than be captured
  • 1267 Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
  • 1287 Massive storm across south-east England hits Cinque Ports realines the coastline, New Romney port now a mile inland [1]
  • 1499 France & Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1537 Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England
  • 1554 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed
  • 1555 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy

Historic Siege

1574 Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht

  • 1621 Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)
  • 1667 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia and Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1674 English reconquer NY from Netherlands
  • 1682 Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London

Historic Event

1742 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford

  • 1744 Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Adm Matthews)
  • 1775 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony in rebellion
  • 1788 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1799 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 1801 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Historic Event

1807 The Grand Sanhedrin (Jewish high court) is convened by Napoleon Bonaparte to give legal sanction to the principles in the Assembly of Notables

  • 1822 American Indian Society organizes
  • 1822 Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.

Election of Interest

1825 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president

  • 1849 Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX

Constitution of the United States

1861 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)

Election of Interest

1861 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)

  • 1861 Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)
  • 1870 US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 1871 Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • 1885 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii

Historic Event

1886 US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence

  • 1889 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • 1891 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento
  • 1893 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud

The Benin Pendant Mask

1897 Invasion of Benin City by British Expedition force, the city is burnt and looted, marks the end of Nigerian Kingdom of Benin formed in the 11th century

  • 1904 Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, the border of Manchuria
  • 1904 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make an overnight attack on Russian ships at naval base in Port Arthur, Manchuria, beginning the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1906 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • 1909 1st US federal legislation on narcotics prohibits importation, possession, and use of "smoking opium"
  • 1913 Beginning of the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City, with revolts leading to 3,000 deaths
  • 1916 Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
  • 1918 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris
  • 1918 US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Virginia
  • 1920 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • 1922 Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1922 Italian government of Bonomi falls
  • 1922 Snow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii
  • 1922 World War Foreign Debt Commission is established by Congress to settle the problem of Allied war and postwar loans
  • 1923 Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
  • 1924 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR

Treaty of Interest

1925 German Minister Gustav Stresemann proposes security treaty with France

  • 1925 Haifa Technion (Israel) opens
  • 1926 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • 1929 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • 1932 US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)
  • 1933 -63°F (-53°C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1934 -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • 1934 -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • 1934 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • 1935 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1939 Belgian Spaak government falls
  • 1941 British troops conquer El Agheila
  • 1941 Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
  • 1942 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
  • 1942 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
  • 1943 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ending the epic World War II battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific

Historic Event

1943 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order setting a minimum 48-hour work week in a number of critical war industries

  • 1944 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • 1945 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway
  • 1945 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • 1946 Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms

Historic Event

1947 Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia

Historic Event

1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy charges State Department infested with 205 communists

Historic Event

1953 General Walter Bedell Smith ends term as 4th Director of Central Intelligence Agency; Allen Dulles becomes Acting Director

  • 1954 Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
  • 1955 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts crematory law
  • 1955 US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO
  • 1956 -5°F (-20.6°C) in Sicily
  • 1956 R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
  • 1961 Joseph Ileo appointed Premier of Congo
  • 1962 Jamaica signs agreement to become independent
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st flight of Boeing 727 jet
  • 1963 7th largest snowfall in NYC history (42.4 cm, 16.7")
  • 1964 GI Joe character created
  • 1964 Hanumant Singh scores 105 India v England on debut at Delhi
  • 1966 Dow-Jones Index hits record 995 points
  • 1966 UK Government announces construction of a nuclear reactor on the North coast of Scotland
  • 1968 Rotterdam metro opened by Princess Beatrix
  • 1969 1st flight of the Boeing 747 jumbo jet
  • 1971 Apollo 14 returns to Earth
  • 1971 Quake in San Fernando Valley kills 64 & causes over $½B damage
  • 1972 British government declares state of emergency after month-long coal miners' strike
  • 1972 William Craig, who had been Northern Ireland Minister for Home Affairs, launches 'Ulster Vanguard' as an umbrella movement for the right-ring of Unionism
  • 1973 Pragati Legislature Party elects Patnaik as leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India
  • 1974 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • 1975 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth
  • 1979 Beginning of James Clavell's novel "Whirlwind"
  • 1979 Nigeria amends constitution
  • 1983 Belgium buys 44 F-16s
  • 1986 Halley's Comet reaches 30th perihelion (closest approach to Sun)
  • 1986 Haydar Bakr al-Attas appointed president of South Yemen
  • 1986 Tomb of Tutanchamon's treasurer Maya found in Egypt
  • 1987 Former US national security adviser Robert McFarlane attempts suicide by overdosing on Valium hours before scheduled testimony before panel investigating illegal arms-for-hostages "Iran-Contra" affair
  • 1987 NY Stock Exch installs ladies restroom in the Exchange Luncheon Club
  • 1989 Michael Manley's Socialist Party wins Jamaica parliamentary election
  • 1990 Doina Melinte runs world indoor record 1.5k (4:00:27) & mile (4:17:13)
  • 1990 Namibia's constitution ratified
  • 1990 Spacecraft Galileo flies by Venus at an altitude of 10,000 miles (16,000 km) in a gravity assist maneuver to gain speed on its way to Jupiter [1]
  • 1991 US Supreme Court agrees to hear Joseph Doherty case
  • 1992 Fastest yodeler-22 tones/15 falsetto in 1 sec by Thomas School of Germany
  • 1993 Army of opium king Khun Sa kills 60 in NE Burma

Historic Event

1994 Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Perez signs accord with PLO's Yasser Arafat

  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs female world record 50m (5.96 sec)
  • 1995 STS-63 - 2nd mission of US/Russian Shuttle-Mir Program goes into space
  • 1996 The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf.
  • 1996 WYNY-FM in NYC changes calls to WKTU-FM

Assassination Attempt

1998 Failed assassination attempt on Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze

  • 2001 American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School; nine the Ehime-Maru's crew members were killed, including four high school students.
  • 2011 Latvia leaves deep recession with an annualised growth of 3.7% in the last quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2013 5 people are killed after Cessna plane crashes on a Brussels runway
  • 2014 Australian National University scientists discover the oldest known star at 13.6 billion years old
  • 2014 Protest erupt in Sarajevo and other cities in Bosnia-Herzegovina; the unemployment rate remains at 40% (57% for youth)
  • 2014 Switzerland votes to return immigration quotas
  • 2016 Two German passenger trains collide near Bad Aibling, Bavaria, killing 10 and seriously injuring 18

Election of Interest

2016 US primary elections: New Hampshire Primary, In Republican race Donald Trump wins (35%), John Kasich 2nd (16%), and Bernie Sanders (60%) defeats Hillary Clinton (38%) in Democratic race

Historic Event

2019 Elizabeth Warren officially announces her 2020 presidential campaign in Lawrence, Massachusetts

  • 2020 Deaths from COVID-19 virus overtake those of Sars (2003) with 813 deaths worldwide, with more than 34,800 known infections
  • 2020 Fastest supersonic New York to London journey made by British Airways Boeing 747-436 in four hours and 56 minutes, speeds of 1,327 km/h / 825 mph due to Storm Ciara
  • 2020 Solar Orbiter probe attached to an Atlas rocket lifts off from Cape Canaveral
  • 2020 Storm Ciara makes landfall in northern Scotland bringing widespread wind and flooding to northern Europe resulting in 18 deaths
  • 2020 Suspected militants attack and kill at least 30 people, many while sleeping in their cars in Auno, north-eastern Nigeria, kidnapping women and children
  • 2021 United Arab Emirates is the fifth entity to successfully orbit a probe around Mars, as probe Hope begins to study the planet's atmosphere.

Historic Event

2021 US Senate Impeachment trial of former President Donald Trump begins in Washington D.C.

  • 2021 WHO team investigating origin of COVID-19 in Wuhan say it is "extremely unlikely" that it leaked from a local research lab [1]
  • 2022 Nearly four million bottles of beer destroyed in large crackdown on alcohol in northern Nigerian state of Kano, where alcohol prohibited under Sharia law [1]