Events in History on January 1

Events 1 - 200 of 394

  • 153 BC Roman consuls begin their year in office
  • 45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time
  • 1 Origin of the Christian Era
  • 69 Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
  • 89 Governor Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome

Roman Empire

104 Triumphal procession for the Roman General Gaius Marius with the defeated Numidian King Jugurtha led in chains though Rome

Historic Event

177 Commodus, son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius becomes consul for the first time - at 15 then youngest ever in Roman history

  • 313 Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
  • 404 Last gladiator competition in Rome
  • 456 Gallo-Roman scholar Sidonius Apollinaris recites a panegyric in verse in honor of the Emperor Avitus in Rome
  • 468 Gallo-Roman scholar Sidonius Apollinaris recites a panegyric in verse in honor of the Emperor Anthemius, his third panegyric, in Rome
  • 630 Prophet Muhammad sets out with an army 10,000 strong to conquer Mecca
  • 722 Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
  • 990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
  • 1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris
  • 1430 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
  • 1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Hungary
  • 1494 Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
  • 1502 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro

Historic Event

1504 French King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta

Historic Event

1515 Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France

  • 1515 Jews are expelled from Laibach in Austria
  • 1527 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin
  • 1573 Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
  • 1592 Korean naval commander Admiral Yi Sun-sin begins his famous war diary "Nanjung ilgi" (included in UNESCO's Memory of the World 2013) [1]
  • 1600 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
  • 1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)

Royal Coronation

1651 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

Historic Event

1660 1st entry in English civil servant Samuel Pepys' diary

  • 1660 Academia de Bellas Artes is founded in Seville with painter Bartolomé Esteban Murillo its first president
  • 1660 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
  • 1660 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies York

Historic Event

1672 Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris

  • 1673 Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
  • 1675 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1700 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begins using the Gregorian calendar
  • 1700 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire
  • 1707 John V succeeds his father Pedro II as King of Portugal
  • 1710 Paris merchant Jean Marius obtains 5-year royal privilege for his invention of a folding umbrella - first in Europe

Historic Event

1724 Glassblower Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit proposes system for making thermometers and the Fahrenheit temperature scale in a paper to the Royal Society of London and is elected a fellow on its basis

  • 1739 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica

Historic Event

1758 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom, based on the binomial nomenclature by Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae

  • 1772 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

Historic Event

1775 English potter Josiah Wedgwood writes that he has developed his famous 'wedgwood blue' color in a letter to Thomas Bentley [1]

Historic Event

1776 General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

Historic Event

1781 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.

  • 1785 John Walter publishes the 1st issue of his newspaper "The Daily Universal Register", renamed "The Times" of London in 1788
  • 1788 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • 1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • 1797 Albany replaces New York City as capital of New York
  • 1798 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
  • 1801 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi

United Kingdom Forms

1801 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

  • 1803 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day), making it the only state ever founded by former slaves and without slavery
  • 1805 World's first iron bridge opens to the public, crossing the Severn River at Coalbrookdale, England. Regarded as the symbol of the Industrial Revolution. [1]

Historic Event

1806 Napoléon Bonaparte abolishes the French Republican calendar after 12 years of use

  • 1807 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • 1808 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • 1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • 1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • 1809 Holland Brigade under Brigadier-General David Hendrik Chassé reaches Madrid (Napoleonic Wars)
  • 1814 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub

Historic Publication

1818 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

  • 1818 Official reopening of the White House
  • 1826 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1827 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
  • 1831 Slave plantation owner Charles Farquharson begins his diary at Prospect Hill Plantation, Watlings Island (San Salvador). Only plantation diary to survive from the Bahamas (ends Dec 1832). [1]

Historic Publication

1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal, "The Liberator"; publication continued until the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865

  • 1833 British government demands Falkland islands
  • 1833 Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people, 5,894 slaves
  • 1834 German Tolunie goes into effect
  • 1840 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
  • 1842 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • 1844 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • 1845 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed
  • 1846 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • 1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • 1847 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
  • 1848 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 1851 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 1852 1st US public bath opens in New York City
  • 1852 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • 1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • 1853 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 1854 Presbyterian minister John Miller Dickey and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson, found Ashmun Institute, a Black college (later Lincoln University),in Hinsonville, Pennsylvania
  • 1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 1860 Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
  • 1861 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • 1862 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • 1863 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • 1863 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • 1865 -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign

Historic Event

1869 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay's capital Asunción falls to Brazilian forces led by General João de Souza da Fonseca Costa

  • 1871 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 1872 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • 1873 Origin of Japanese Era
  • 1874 New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 1875 Britain's Midlands Railway abolishes second class travel, ending the practice of carrying third class passengers in open air wagons [1]
  • 1876 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.

Historic Event

1877 Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India

  • 1880 Building of Panama Canal begins

Appointment of Interest

1881 Ambrose Bierce is appointed editor of "The Wasp" magazine

Historic Event

1881 Dr John Watson is first introduced to Sherlock Holmes in story written by Arthur Conan Doyle

  • 1890 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1890 The Rose Parade, then known as the Tournament of Roses, is first held in Pasadena, California
  • 1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
  • 1892 Ellis Island opens as a US immigration inspection station - it would go on to be the gateway to the US for more than 12 million people
  • 1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, University of Chicago
  • 1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • 1893 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic
  • 1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • 1894 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg

Historic Event

1895 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

  • 1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Scientific Discovery

1896 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

  • 1897 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • 1898 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • 1898 Gabriele D'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • 1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of San Francisco Bay
  • 1899 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1900 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • 1900 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • 1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • 1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Pennsylvania

Royal Coronation

1903 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion

Historic Event

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Roosevelt unveil new renovations to The White House, including a new West Wing

  • 1904 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • 1905 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • 1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • 1906 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.
  • 1907 US President Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day
  • 1909 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher
  • 1909 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income

Historic Event

1910 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to rear-admiral

  • 1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • 1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • 1912 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" footrace (7.63 miles/12.3 km); first winner Robert Vlught 44:10

Historic Event

1912 Sun Yat-sen forms the Republic of China

  • 1913 US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • 1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes The Netherlands 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • 1914 The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline, covering the 18 mile distance 23 minutes. Service ceased after three months.
  • 1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • 1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1916 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed
  • 1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published

Historic Event

1917 T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

  • 1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • 1919 Belorussian SSR established
  • 1919 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to full admiral

Historic Event

1919 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

  • 1920 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1922 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1922 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • 1923 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • 1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1924 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • 1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • 1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1927 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • 1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
  • 1930 Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • 1930 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
  • 1932 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as Mayor of Massillon, Ohio

Historic Publication

1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws

  • 1932 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • 1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • 1934 International Telecommunication Union established
  • 1934 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • 1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • 1935 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • 1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • 1937 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • 1937 German officer Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • 1937 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • 1937 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio

Historic Event

1939 Hewlett-Packard is founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard in a garage in Palo Alto, California "the birthplace of Silicon Valley"

  • 1939 Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1941 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Appointment of Interest

1941 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

  • 1942 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • 1943 German officer Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • 1944 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • 1944 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of US 7th Army
  • 1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels

Historic Event

1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • 1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert
  • 1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic