On This Day

Events in History on January 11

  • 1055 Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1158 Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes king
  • 1558 Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm

World’s First National State LotteryWorld’s First National State Lottery

1569 1st recorded lottery in England is drawn in St Paul's Cathedral

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The world-famous Sydney Opera House cost $102 million to build, largely paid for by a state lottery
The world-famous Sydney Opera House cost $102 million to build, largely paid for by a state lottery
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  • 1571 Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion
  • 1599 Jacob van Neck's fleet leaves Bantam, Java in modern day Indonesia with 1 million pounds of pepper and cloves and a further half a ship full of nutmeg, mace and cinnamon
  • 1693 Most powerful earthquake in Italian recorded history strikes Sicily and Southern Italy with an estimated magnitude of 7.4. Tsunamis followed and devastated coastal villages on the Ionian Sea and the Straits of Messina.
  • 1709 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London
  • 1753 Ferdinand VI of Spain & Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord
  • 1758 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia [NS=Jan 22]
  • 1759 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia

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1765 Frisia bans Voltaire's "Traité sur la tolérance"

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher

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1774 Charles Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1775 Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • 1779 Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1785 Continental Congress convenes in NYC

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1787 Titania & Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1790 Statisten & Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • 1794 U.S. Marshal Robert Forsyth is killed in Augusta, Georgia, trying to serve court papers, first US marshal to die carrying out his duties

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1838 First public demonstration of telegraph messages sent using dots and dashes at Speedwell Ironworks in Morristown, New Jersey by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • 1839 Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal - 700 die
  • 1861 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • 1861 Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • 1863 Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • 1864 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865 Battle of Beverly, West Virginia, Confederate forces attack Union post
  • 1866 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1867 Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
  • 1873 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago

Declaration of WarAnglo-Zulu War

1879 Anglo-Zulu War begins as British Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand in South Africa

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Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
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1885 Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
  • 1892 Hawaiian Historical Society founded
  • 1892 William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1894 Donghak Peasant Rebellion begins in Mujiang, Korea over local corruption, sparking the 1st Sino-Japanese War
  • 1897 M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
  • 1912 Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts following a pay cut
  • 1913 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)
  • 1916 Austrian forces capture Mount Lovćen, Serbia. Serbian army retreats, evacuating to Greek island of Corfu
  • 1919 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • 1919 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • 1920 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • 1922 Insulin first used on humans to treat diabetes, on Canadian Leonard Thompson, aged 14
  • 1923 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • 1923 French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
  • 1924 A republic is proclaimed in Greece; King George II is deposed and Eleutherios Venizelo is named Prime Minister of the Greek National Assembly

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1925 Frank Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg

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1935 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)

  • 1936 Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives
  • 1938 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • 1940 Sergei Prokofiev's ballet "Romeo & Juliet" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1941 Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton
  • 1942 -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
  • 1942 Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
  • 1943 US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • 1944 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

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1946 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • 1949 Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
  • 1952 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore
  • 1954 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
  • 1957 The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • 1957 Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.
  • 1959 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
  • 1961 Racial riot at University of Georgia
  • 1962 Volcano Huascaran in Peru erupts killing 4,000
  • 1964 Panama ends diplomatic relations with US
  • 1964 First government report by US Surgeon General Luther Terry warning that smoking may be hazardous
  • 1966 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain
  • 1967 Romeinse Curie installs Council for Pontifical Study commission
  • 1968 Explorer 36 (GEOS-B) launched into earth orbit (1080/1570 km)
  • 1969 Jethro Tull's This Was Jethro Tull album debuts
  • 1970 Irish republican political party Sinn Féin party splits between those in favor of abstentionism (of not taking any seats won in the parliaments) and those where against
  • 1971 Tigers ace reliever John Hiller, 27, sufferes a heart attack, but later makes a remarkable comeback to record 38 saves
  • 1973 Famous victory at the SCG Pakistan chasing 158 all out 106
  • 1975 Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
  • 1976 Military coup in Ecuador, President Guillermo Lara leaves
  • 1976 US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka
  • 1977 Bollingen Prize awarded to David Ignatow
  • 1978 Soyuz 27 links with Salyut 6 & Soyuz 26 (1st time 3 spacecraft link)
  • 1981 Palau adopts constitution
  • 1981 British team led by Ranulph Fiennes completes longest & fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott base after 75 days (2,500 miles)
  • 1982 Atlanta, Georgia's temperature goes below zero F
  • 1982 Honduras adopts constitution
  • 1984 NASA space shuttle STS 41-B moves to launch pad
  • 1984 Supreme Court reinstated $10M award to Karen Silkwood's family
  • 1985 CDC MMWR publishes guidelines for screening U.S. blood supply for AIDS antibodies with ELISA test that would be available later that year
  • 1986 1st African American Lieutenant Governor since reconstruction sworn in - Douglas Wilder of Virginia
  • 1988 Test debut of Phil Simmons, WI v India, Madras
  • 1989 140 nations agree to ban chemical weapons (poison gas, etc)
  • 1989 Kindergarten student caught with loaded handgun at Bronx school
  • 1990 200,000 demand return of Lithuania's independence
  • 1991 Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
  • 1991 Soviets storm buildings in Vilnius to block Lithuania independence
  • 1992 Algeria's President Chadli announces his resignation
  • 1992 Paul Simon opens a tour in South Africa
  • 1993 Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Buffalo NY (WKBW)

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1993 Independent presidential candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot
  • 1993 British Airways ends one of the longest libel actions in its history
  • 1994 Hyderabad score 6 for 944 against Andhra Pradesh in Ranji Trophy
  • 1994 Irish government announces end of a 20-year broadcasting ban on IRA
  • 1995 5th TV network (WB) Warner Brothers begins (WPIX-TV in NYC)
  • 1995 DC-9 crashes near Maria La Baya, Colombia: 51 die, 9 yr old girl lives
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 72 (Endeavour 10), launches into space
  • 1996 Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1997 Telstar 401 Satellite Fails
  • 1998 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan
  • 1998 Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.
  • 1999 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 4th time

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2007 Author J. K. Rowling finishes the 7th and last Harry Potter novel in room 552 of the Balmoral Hotel, Edinburgh

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2013 46 people are killed and 12 are missing after a landslide buries a village in the Yunnan province, China
  • 2013 29 people are killed and 12 are injured after a bus veers off a mountain road in Doti, Nepal
  • 2015 Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović is elected as the first female President of Croatia
  • 2018 In China's first significant #MeToo moment Beihang University in Beijing fires a professor for sexual misconduct

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2018 US President Donald Trump causes worldwide controversy when it is reported he called African countries "shitholes" during immigration meeting

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2020 Taiwan re-elects Tsai Ing-wen for a second term as president in a landslide result

7th President of the Republic of China Tsai Ing-wen
7th President of the Republic of China
Tsai Ing-wen
  • 2020 Diego the giant 100 year old tortoise retires to the Galapagos islands after his high libido is credited with saving his species
  • 2021 Ireland becomes the country with the world's highest COVID-19 infection rate after a dramatic surge results in seven-day rolling average of 1,394 cases per million
  • 2021 US House Democrats introduce one article of impeachment against President Donald Trump for "incitement of insurrection" for encouraging his supporters to riot at the Capitol
  • 2021 The king of Malaysia, Al-Sultan Abdullah declares a state of emergency over COVID-19 till 1 August, suspending parliament and giving the government new powers