Events in History on January 13

Historic Event

532 Nika riots begin in Constantinople, revolt against Emperor Justinian I, prompted by chariot racing

  • 888 Odo (Eudes), Count of Paris, succeeds Charles III the Fat to become King of West Francia (888-898)
  • 1099 Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
  • 1404 The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (it was feared that if any alchemist should succeed it would bring ruin upon the state)

Theater Premiere

1605 Controversial play "Eastward Hoe" by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

  • 1607 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain

Historic Discovery

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter

  • 1621 Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)

Historic Event

1630 Chinese Emperor Chongzhen orders the arrest of military general Yuan Chonghuan

  • 1630 Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony

Historic Event

1673 Jean Racine's "Mithridate" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1695 Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland

  • 1733 James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1770 Pierre de Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • 1785 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • 1794 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • 1822 The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus
  • 1830 Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 1840 The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives
  • 1842 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1849 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Company
  • 1863 Chenille yarn making machine patented by William Canter in NYC
  • 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: A force of 58 Union ships and over 8,000 troops converge on Fort Fisher, North Carolina
  • 1869 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.
  • 1873 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office of Louisiana Governor
  • 1874 Battle between jobless and police in NYC leaves 100s injured
  • 1874 US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • 1883 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430

Theater Premiere

1883 Henrik Ibsen's play "En Folkefiende" (An Enemy of the People) premieres in Oslo

  • 1893 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • 1893 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • 1894 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops

Historic Event

1895 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Historic Publication

1898 Emile Zola publishes his open letter "J'accuse" accusing the French government of framing Alfred Dreyfus for sabotage

  • 1902 Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)
  • 1908 Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • 1910 JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows" premieres in Dublin

Theater Premiere

1911 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin

Historic Event

1911 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

  • 1911 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • 1912 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • 1913 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1915 Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
  • 1915 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • 1917 Ammunitions ship explosion at Ekonomiia port near Archangel, Russia kills many and injures hundreds
  • 1917 Train at Ciurea station in Romania catches fire and explodes, between 800-1,000 die, making it the third worst rail accident in history
  • 1920 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • 1922 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • 1922 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • 1922 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1923 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

  • 1924 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • 1927 US & Mexico battle over oil interests
  • 1929 Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
  • 1930 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
  • 1934 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR
  • 1935 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • 1938 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution

Treaty of Interest

1939 Belgian premier signs Burgos Treaty for trade relations with Franco's Spain

  • 1939 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
  • 1942 Allied Conference on war trials
  • 1942 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Historic Invention

1942 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

  • 1942 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • 1942 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
  • 1943 Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies

Conference of Interest

1943 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca, French Morocco for a conference of Allied forces in World War II

  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • 1943 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • 1951 German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
  • 1953 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14

Historic Event

1953 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

  • 1954 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1957 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
  • 1958 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
  • 1958 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
  • 1958 US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication

Historic Event

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death

  • 1959 King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
  • 1964 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Historic Event

1964 John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla] becomes archbishop of Krakow

Appointment of Interest

1966 Robert C. Weaver, 1st Black person selected for cabinet by US President Lyndon B. Johnson (Housing and Urban Development - HUD)

  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Bloodless coup in Togo led by Lt. Col. Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo
  • 1970 Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu flees Biafra into exile, leaving his deputy Philip Effiong to surrender to the Nigerian army, unofficially ending the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970 Riots begin in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast
  • 1972 An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghana, while the prime minister is in London
  • 1973 Lasse Daniel Efskind skates world record 1000m (1:17.6)
  • 1974 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.

Historic Event

1975 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

Historic Invention

1976 American inventor Ray Kurzweil and the National Federation of the Blind unveil the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first omni-font optical character recognition system

  • 1978 NASA select its first American women astronauts
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam
  • 1979 YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song
  • 1980 Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
  • 1980 Togo's constitution becomes effective
  • 1981 Barbara Sonntag, Colo, crochets record 147 stitches/min for 1/2 hour
  • 1981 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson and Howard Nemerov
  • 1982 Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstorm, crashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, D.C., & falls into Potomac River, killing 78
  • 1984 TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV
  • 1985 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $17.1 million
  • 1985 Express train derails in Ethiopia, killing at least 428
  • 1986 ABC's TV premiere of "The Right of The People", whose writer and director is said to have been inspired by the 14 December 1980 massacre at Bob's Big Boy in Los Angeles
  • 1986 NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams
  • 1986 South Yemen President Ali Nasser Mohammed's bodyguard shoots opponents
  • 1987 Seven top New York City Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each
  • 1987 West German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking
  • 1988 Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities
  • 1989 Computers across Britain hit by "Friday the 13th"/Jerusalem virus
  • 1989 Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
  • 1989 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence
  • 1990 Douglas Wilder, 1st elected African American Governor inaugurated (Virginia)
  • 1991 12th ACE Cable Awards: Weather Channel wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the hurricane "Hugo"

Election of Interest

1991 President Mário Soares of Portugal re-elected

  • 1991 Soviet troops continue attack on Vilnius, capital of Lithuania; 13 people killed and 140 injured as

Historic Event

1992 American serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane

  • 1992 Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins
  • 1992 Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II
  • 1993 French, British, and US fighter jets launch bombing raids in southern Iraq
  • 1993 STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Italian government of Carlo Ciampi resigns
  • 1997 Radical guerrillas hold 72 hostages and shoot at police outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru

Historic Event

2000 Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position

  • 2001 Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people
  • 2004 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2007 Two thirds of the Venus's southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.
  • 2009 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2012 Italian cruiseliner Costa Concordia runs aground at Isola de Giglio, Italy, causing 32 deaths
  • 2014 14 people are killed and 7 are injured after an explosion in an illegal gambling hall in Kaili City, China
  • 2016 Record Powerball lottery held in America - $1.6 billion, (3 winning tickets)
  • 2018 Chelsea Manning, former soldier responsible for Wikileaks announces her bid to run for US Senate
  • 2018 Early-morning ballistic missile alert sent across Hawaii in error, revoked after 38 minutes
  • 2020 Oldest material existing on earth at 7.5 billion years old revealed by scientists studying the Murchison meteorite that fell to earth in Australia in 1960s
  • 2021 Deadliest air raid by Israel on Syria since 2018, when 10 soldiers and 47 allied fighters killed in attacks on military positions [1]
  • 2021 Irish PM Minister Micheal Martin issues apology for treatment of unmarried mothers and babies in church-run institutions 1920-1990s after report 9,000 children had died [1]

Historic Event

2021 President Donald Trump is impeached by the US House of Representatives voting 232-197, for “incitement of insurrection”, first time in history a US President is impeached twice

  • 2021 World's oldest known cave painting of an animal - a pig, 45,000 years old, discovered in Leang Tedongnge cave, island of Sulawesi, Indonesia [1]
  • 2022 Australian equals hottest temperature on record of 50.7C (123.26F) in Onslow, Western Australia
  • 2022 Britain's Prince Andrew stripped of his military titles and royal patronages by Buckingham Palace, amid continuing sexual assault allegations
  • 2022 Landmark conviction of former Syrian intelligence officer Anwar Raslan for state-sponsored crimes against humanity in Koblenz, Germany [1]