On This Day

Events in History on January 14

  • 378 General Siyaj K'ak', a Mayan warlord, conquers Tikal and increases the domain of Teotihuacan
  • 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes.
  • 1301 Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary
  • 1343 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.

Pope Leo X
Leo X

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1601 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1639 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • 1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
  • 1659 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717 German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]

  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans is fought in India
  • 1784 US Revolutionary War ends with the US Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris
  • 1794 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Virginia, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

AgreementContract of Interest

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1799 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti
  • 1858 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1861 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • 1868 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868 SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • 1873 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark by its inventor, John Wesley Hyatt
  • 1873 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • 1874 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • 1878 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 1897 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
  • 1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000
  • 1908 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1916 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • 1918 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1924 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • 1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1932 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
  • 1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 L M (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1938 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • 1939 All commercial ferry services between San Francisco and East Bay end
  • 1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
  • 1942 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, withdrawal of its troops from Guadalcanal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1945 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1946 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
  • 1949 Black and Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • 1950 US recalls all consular officials from China
  • 1952 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • 1952 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • 1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1953 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
  • 1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
  • 1957 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • 1960 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
  • 1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later
  • 1964 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination

  • 1967 20,000 attend Human Be-In, San Francisco
  • 1967 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
  • 1967 New York Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments

Music releaseMusic Single

1967 Sonny & Cher release single "Beat Goes On"

Goddess of Pop  Cher
Goddess of Pop
  • 1969 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
  • 1969 Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
  • 1970 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969
  • 1971 John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Margrethe II of Denmark becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412

Queen of Denmark Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II
  • 1973 2 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the Irish Republican Army
  • 1974 World Football League founded
  • 1975 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • 1975 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1980 Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 US Federal Communications Commission frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish
  • 1985 16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees
  • 1985 British pound sinks to record low $US1.11
  • 1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect
  • 1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only the second freely elected President of Guatemala since CIA-sponsored coup in 1954
  • 1989 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England
  • 1989 29 year old French woman gives birth to sextuplets in Paris
  • 1989 Former Belgian premier Paul Vanden Boeynants kidnapped
  • 1990 Un Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar says he has lost all hope for peace in Gulf
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias sworn in as President of Guatemala
  • 1991 Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys, California
  • 1991 Valentin Pavlov become new premier of USSR
  • 1993 Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands
  • 1994 The Duchess of Kent converts to Catholicism, the first member of the Royal Family to do so in more than 300 years
  • 1995 10,000 South Africans attend state funeral of Joe Slovo
  • 1995 16th ACE Cable Awards: John Malone wins the Golden CableACE for outstanding achievements in advancing the development of cable programming

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Mexico pledges profits from state-owned Pemex's $7-billion-per-year oil revenues in an effort to secure US congressional approval of loan guarantees; President Clinton approves a $20-billion U.S. aid package for Mexico

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1998 100th episode of "Ellen" airs
  • 1998 Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis)
  • 1999 Mel Lastman, Mayor of Toronto, calls in the Army to help with snow removal and emergency medical evacuations after major snowstorm hits the city

  • 2000 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
  • 2002 UK declared free of foot-and-mouth cattle disease
  • 2004 The national flag of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag" restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years
  • 2005 Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Legendary Russian test pilot Marina Popovich is awarded the honorary title "The Hero of the Nation" by the Russian Federation

  • 2008 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a Mercury flyby
  • 2010 Yemen declares war on al-Qaeda
  • 2011 Stampede near Sabarimala in Kerala, India kills 104 devotees and injures 100 more
  • 2011 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2012 Suicide bomber kills 53 and injures 130 in Basra, Iraq
  • 2012 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2014 American journalist David Satter is expelled from Russia
  • 2015 63 people are killed and 70,000 are left homeless after floods devastate Mozambique and Malawi
  • 2016 Sixth republican presidential candidates debate hosted by Fox, held in North Charleston, South Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 US President Donald Trump denies he is a Russian agent after NY Times article states the FBI started an investigation and the Washington Post raised issues over a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2019 China posts shock drop in trade figures with a 4.4% fall in exports for December and a 7.6% fall in imports
  • 2019 Pawel Adamowicz, Mayor of Gdańsk, Poland, stabbed on stage at charity event. Dies two days later.
  • 2019 US Republican leaders strip Congressman Steve King from House committees after series of racist comments
  • 2019 Americans chance of dying from an accidental opioid overdose higher than a car accident for the first time, according to US National Safety Council
  • 2019 Spinning disk of ice 300m wide, resembling the moon, forms in the Presumpscot river, Westbrook, Maine