Events in History on January 15

  • 588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
  • 69 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor, only rules for three months before committing suicide
  • 708 Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 946 Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded and ousted
  • 1346 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland and Zealand

Henry VIII's Church

1535 King Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England

New France

1541 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France

  • 1552 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

Elizabeth I Crowned

1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

  • 1562 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Henry Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754 Riot at burial of Orangist leader Daniel Raap in Amsterdam

British Museum Opens its Doors

1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London

Voltaire's "Candide" Published

1759 Voltaire's satire "Candide" is published anonymously in five editions in five countries to scandalous acclaim (estimated date)

  • 1762 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC
  • 1777 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1782 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • 1784 The Asiatic Society is founded by William Jones at a meeting in Calcutta's Fort William, India
  • 1815 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1831 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1831 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1833 HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844 University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana

Historic Publication

1846 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

  • 1847 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • 1851 General Mariano Arista replaces Mexican President José Joaquín de Herrera
  • 1857 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain

Steam Elevator Patented

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

  • 1861 US Civil War: Union forces at Fort Pikens on Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, Florida refuse Florida Militia demand to surrender
  • 1863 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: Union Navy bombards Fort Fisher, North Carolina, allowing Union troops to capture Confederacy's last remaining seaport [1]

Democratic Party Symbol

1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly

  • 1876 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • 1877 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 1882 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1882 French explorer Jules Nicholas Crevaux is the first European to discover an Inca City near Sarta, north-west Argentina
  • 1886 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • 1895 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • 1896 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London

Riyadh Falls

1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

  • 1907 3-element vacuum tube patented by American inventor Lee De Forest
  • 1907 Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them
  • 1908 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority, the first for African-American women, established by Ethel Hedgeman and 15 other students at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • 1908 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • 1910 Constructions ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming
  • 1911 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives at San Francisco
  • 1915 Japan claims economic control of China
  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • 1919 Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150
  • 1919 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC

Anglo-Irish Treaty

1922 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)

  • 1924 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP

Scopes Not Guilty for Teaching Evolution

1927 Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T. Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution, but the law itself remains in force

  • 1934 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die

Historic Event

1934 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, John Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.

  • 1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • 1936 Nonprofit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1939 Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
  • 1940 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1943 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • 1943 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • 1943 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • 1943 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed to house the US military
  • 1944 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
  • 1944 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • 1945 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • 1945 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp

Manhattan Project

1945 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

Historic Event

1947 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California

  • 1949 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • 1950 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • 1951 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • 1951 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • 1953 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • 1953 East Germany's first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage", beginning a purge of senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • 1955 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • 1955 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • 1962 Derveni Papyrus rediscovered - Europe's oldest surviving manuscript from c. 340 B.C., commentary on a Orphic poem, found in a tomb in Derveni, Northern Greece [1]
  • 1962 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
  • 1964 Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract
  • 1965 Soviet underground nuclear test creates the atomic lake Chagan, Kazakhstan
  • 1965 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan, forms
  • 1966 Kaduna Nzeogwu and Emmanuel Ifeajuna lead a coup d'état in Nigeria, the Prime Minister of Nigeria and other senior political and military figures are killed
  • 1966 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat
  • 1969 Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean

Historic Event

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill announces that an official inquiry will analyse the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland

  • 1969 Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union

Historic Event

1970 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya

  • 1970 Nigerian civil war officially ends after 2 1/2 years of fighting when the Republic of Biafra disbands and joins Nigeria
  • 1970 Riots break out in the Ardoyne area of Belfast
  • 1971 Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt
  • 1973 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court
  • 1973 Gene Shalit joins Today Show panel

Historic Event

1973 Pope Paul VI holds an audience with Golda Meir at the Vatican

Battle of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon suspends all US offensive action in North Vietnam

  • 1974 Expert panel reports 18½ minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures
  • 1975 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence

Historic Event

1976 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford

  • 1976 US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Festac '77, the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture, begins in Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1978 Theodore Bundy kills Fla State U coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman
  • 1980 Pam Gems' "Piaf!" premieres in London

Historic Event

1981 Pope John Paul II receives Lech Wałęsa and Solidarity delegation at the Vatican

  • 1982 "Forbidden Broadway" by/with Gerard Alessandrini premieres in NYC
  • 1982 Mark Thatcher, son of UK prime minister Margaret Thatcher, makes his way home after 6 days missing in the Sahara
  • 1983 Dutch political party DS'70 disbands
  • 1983 Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours
  • 1984 Schonbrun skates world record 5 km (7:39.44)
  • 1984 Tony Benn, described as a “leftwing rebel” wins Labour's nomination for the by-election in Chesterfield, UK
  • 1985 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Ashbery & Fred Chapell
  • 1985 Tancredo Neves becomes 1st elected President of Brazil in 21 years, but dies before taking office
  • 1987 Police officer who mistakenly shot and paralysed an innocent woman in Brixton, UK, is cleared of all criminal charges
  • 1988 Kiran More stumps five WI batsman at Madras, world Test record
  • 1988 Narendra Hirwani takes 16-136 (8-61 & 8-75) v WI on Test debut
  • 1989 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $22.6 million
  • 1990 AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch

Historic Event

1991 Elizabeth II signs letters patent that allows Australia to institute its own Victoria Cross, the first Commonwealth realm to do so

  • 1991 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)
  • 1992 Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia
  • 1992 Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with US man
  • 1992 Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn't entitled to asylum
  • 1993 7.5 earthquake strikes northern Japan, killing 2 people
  • 1993 Top mafia leader Salvatore "Toto" Riina arrested in Palermo
  • 1994 15th ACE Cable Awards: Michael Fuchs wins the Golden CableACE for outstanding achievements in advancing the development of cable programming
  • 1994 Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%)
  • 1994 Queen Elizabeth falls off her horse & breaks her left wrist
  • 1995 Southern Alabama begins using new area code 334
  • 1995 Western Washington begins using new area code 360

Historic Event

1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, calls for an international ban on landmines, angering ministers in the UK

  • 1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station
  • 1999 The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces
  • 2001 Wikipedia a free Wiki or content encyclopedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger
  • 2005 An intense solar flare blasts X-rays across the solar system
  • 2005 ESA's SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.
  • 2007 Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.

Historic Publication

2007 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s novel about the Biafran War, "Half of a Yellow Sun", is published

  • 2008 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority members celebrate 100th anniversary by donating $1 million to scholarship funds at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Miracle on the Hudson

2009 Chesley Sullenberger lands US Airways Flight 1549 on the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in NYC. All passengers and crew members survive in what becomes known as the "Miracle on the Hudson"

  • 2011 Wikipedia the free internet encyclopedia turns 10 years old
  • 2013 19 Egyptian Army recruits are killed and 120 are injured in a train accident in Giza
  • 2013 83 people are killed and 150 are injured in a rocket attack on Aleppo University, Syria
  • 2016 American Museum of Natural History in Manhattan unveils newest exhibit replica skeleton of a Titanosaur dinosaur (found 2010 Argentina), largest known dinosaur at 70 tons, 37m
  • 2016 Islamist militants attack a hotel in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso killing 28, injuring 56
  • 2018 Fashion photographers Mario Testino and Bruce Weber are suspended from magazines including Vogue, after allegations of sexual harassment in "The New York Times"
  • 2018 Operation in El Junquito, Venezuela, to capture terrorist group including Oscar Pérez, accused of mounting a coup, ends in 4 deaths

Papal Visit

2018 Pope Francis arrives in Chile for a three-day visit amid child sexual abuse claims against church clergy

  • 2018 Protests against the current government turn violent in Tunis, Tunisia marking the seventh anniversary of the revolution
  • 2018 Romanian Social Democrat (PSD) Prime Minister Mihai Tudose resigns after 7 months in office
  • 2019 Beginning of humanity's largest gathering, the Kumbh Mela Hindu festival with 15 million people bathing at the joining of Ganges and Yamuna rivers, India. 120 million expected over next 49 days.
  • 2019 Bomb blast and gunfight at DusitD2 hotel in Nairobi, Kenya, leaves at least 21 dead with militants group claiming responsibility al-Shabab
  • 2019 Chinese scientists confirm they have germinated a cotton seed on the moon on board the Chang’e 4 lander
  • 2019 LGBTQ activists accuse the Russian republic of Chechnya of a new gay purge with 40 detained and two killed
  • 2019 Plastic will outweigh fish in the world's oceans by 2050 according to report by the World Economic Forum

Historic Event

2019 Theresa May's Brexit deal with the EU is rejected by UK parliament 432 votes to 202, largest parliamentary defeat in its democratic era

El Chapo Finally Recaptured

2019 Witness in El Chapo trial claims former Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto accepted $100 million bribe from the drug cartel head

  • 2021 6.2-magnitude earthquake on Indonesia's island of Sulawesi kills at least 42 with hundreds injured

Historic Event

2021 Dutch government led by PM Mark Rutte resigns after falsely accusing thousands of families of welfare fraud

  • 2021 Global death toll from the COVID-19 pandemic passes 2 million (true total likely much higher)
  • 2022 Oil spill at La Pampilla refinery off Peruvian coast after waves from the Tongan eruption cause almost 12,000 barrels to leak into the sea [1]
  • 2022 Underwater volcano Hunga-Tonga Hunga-Ha'apai violently erupts with 20km ash plume, sending tsunami over nearby Tonga, with shock waves heard in New Zealand [1]