Events in History on January 16

Reign of Augustus Caesar

27 BC The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate

  • 550 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
  • 929 Caliphate of Cordoba is established by Emir Abd-al-Rahman III
  • 1120 The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • 1219 Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, thousands killed
  • 1362 A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt
  • 1412 The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy
  • 1492 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.

Columbus Leaves the New World

1493 Christopher Columbus leaves the New World and sets sail for Spain

Voyage of Discovery

1501 Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral and 6 ships begin their return voyage to Lisbon

  • 1531 English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting

Ivan IV the Terrible

1547 Ivan IV the Terrible, aged 17, crowns himself the 1st tsar of Moscow

Charles V Abdicates

1556 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V abdicates his role as King of Spain and appoints his son Philip II of Spain

  • 1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England
  • 1581 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism

Don Quixote Published

1605 The first edition of "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid

  • 1707 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1749 Hoax article advertising fictitious theatrical performer "The Bottle Conjuror" drew huge crowds to the Haymarket Theatre, London, whose inevitable non-appearance caused a riot. It's alleged the Duke of Montagu perpetrated the fiasco to win a bet
  • 1756 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1761 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.

Historic Event

1765 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)

  • 1776 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • 1777 Vermont declares independence from New York
  • 1780 Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney defeats Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Lángara

Louis XVI Sentenced to Death

1793 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution

  • 1795 French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1809 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • 1819 Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, Baron van der Capellen, becomes Governor-General of Dutch East Indies

Voyage of Discovery

1832 Charles Darwin lands at Porto Prayo in the Cape Verde islands, the first landing of his HMS Beagle voyage

  • 1847 John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory
  • 1862 Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • 1863 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • 1864 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 1865 General William Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 1865 Munitions magazine explodes at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, killing or injuring 200 soldiers, carelessness of drunken soldiers blamed. [1]
  • 1865 San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle starts
  • 1868 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 1870 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1877 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 1878 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1879 January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 1883 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 1887 Cliff House damaged when powder cargo of schooner "Parallel" explodes
  • 1889 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • 1896 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.

Historic Event

1897 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

  • 1900 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands
  • 1900 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • 1906 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
  • 1908 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • 1909 Anrtarctic explorers Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David and Alistair Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • 1911 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
  • 1913 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)

Historic Event

1914 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

  • 1915 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • 1917 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1917 The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
  • 1918 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war

Prohibition is Ratified

1919 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol, is ratified by a majority of US states

  • 1920 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • 1920 Georgia declares independence
  • 1920 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University

Election of Interest

1921 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)

British History

1924 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

  • 1936 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah, Florida
  • 1936 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1939 Daily newspaper comic strip "Superman" debuts
  • 1939 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a 14 month long bombing campaign in England

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

  • 1941 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • 1942 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • 1943 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • 1943 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • 1943 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad

Historic Event

1944 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London

Historic Event

1945 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker in Berlin

  • 1945 Scottish 52nd land division and 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise
  • 1947 Vincent Aurial elected President of France
  • 1948 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • 1950 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
  • 1951 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
  • 1951 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Texas, to 134th St, New York City)
  • 1952 New Dutch bible translation finished
  • 1953 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties

Historic Event

1956 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

  • 1957 3 US B-52 bombers leave California for 1st non-stop around the world flights
  • 1958 William Gibson's "Two for the Seesaw" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
  • 1962 Suit accuses NYC Board of Education uses "racial quotas"

Historic Event

1963 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Historic Event

1963 Tennessee Williams' "Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" premieres

  • 1964 AL owners vote 9-1 against Charlie Finley moving KC A's to Louisville
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Harold R Perry becomes 2nd black Roman Catholic bishop in US
  • 1966 Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi seizes power in the chaos caused by a military coup and becomes the Nigerian Head of State
  • 1967 1st black government installed in Bahamas led by Lynden Pindling as leader of the Progressive Liberal Party
  • 1967 Lucius Amerson, becomes 1st southern (Alabama) African American sheriff in 20th century
  • 1968 Jay Allen's "Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 The Youth International Party is founded.
  • 1969 Jan Palach, a Czech student, self-immolates in protest after the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • 1969 Soviet Soyuz 4 & Soyuz 5 perform 1st transfer of crew in space

Coup d'état

1970 4 months after leading a coup against monarchy, Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya

  • 1970 AAU player Steve Myers makes a basketball field goal of 92'3½" from out of bounds, Tacoma-it shouldn't have counted, but was allowed
  • 1970 Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects
  • 1973 USSR's Lunakhod 2 begins radio-controlled exploration of Moon

Historic Publication

1974 "Jaws" by Peter Benchley is published by Doubleday

  • 1974 L A Landslide kills 9 in Canyonville, Oregon
  • 1976 Peter Frampton released platinum live album "Frampton Comes Alive"
  • 1978 Soyuz 27 returns to Earth
  • 1979 Bakhtiar government established by the Shah in Iran, will preside until unrest in the country subsides

Historic Event

1979 Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran for Egypt during the Iranian Revolution

  • 1981 Protestant gunmen shoot & wound Bernadette Devlin McAliskey & husband
  • 1985 "Playboy" announces end of stapling centerfolds
  • 1986 First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • 1986 Police arrested 3 IRA-terrorists in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1988 Czech dissident Václav Havel is arrested in Prague for taking part in demonstrations against the communist government

  • 1989 USSR announces plan for 2-yr manned mission to Mars
  • 1990 2 Bank of Credit & Commerce members plea guilty to money laundering
  • 1992 Chapultepec Peace Accords are signed in Mexico City which ends the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War
  • 1994 Scott skates world record 1000m (1:12.54)
  • 1995 UPN (Universal-Parmount Network) begins telecasting (WWOR in NYC)
  • 1997 Anthony Stuart takes ODI hat-trick, Aus v Pakistan, MCG
  • 2001 A fuel supply tanker runs aground off the island of San Cristobal, causing an 'ecological disaster'
  • 2001 Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001 US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War

Historic Event

2002 UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and freezes assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the members of the Taliban

  • 2003 The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrates 16 days later on re-entry.
  • 2005 At 66 years old, Romanian university lecturer Adriana Illiescu becomes the oldest birth mother in the world

Election of Interest

2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.

Historic Event

2011 French politician Marine Le Pen becomes the leader of the National Front Party

  • 2013 24 people die after three car bombs exploded in Idlib Governorate, Syria
  • 2013 25 people are killed after an apartment block collapses in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 2013 A four day occupation of an Algerian BP facility by Amenas militants begins, killing 48 hostages
  • 2016 First ever flower grown in space - a zinnia aboard the International Space Station using NASA Veggie system
  • 2019 Australian Bureau of Meteorology tweets last four days were the country's hottest on record with Tarcoola, South Australia, reaching 49 C (120 F), Port Augusta 48.5 C (119 F)
  • 2019 Egyptian city Cairo is engulfed by a sandstorm turning it orange
  • 2019 Explosion by a suicide bomber aimed at US-led coalition forces at a market in Manjib, Syria, kills about 18 including four Americans

Historic Event

2019 UK Prime Minister Theresa May wins vote of no confidence in her government 325 to 306

  • 2019 UN says at least 890 killed in ethnic violence in the western Democratic Republic of Congo in December, with 465 building destroyed, delaying the presidential election

Historic Event

2020 Impeachment trial of US President Donald Trump begins in the Senate

  • 2021 10 Nepali climbers become the first to reach the summit of K2 in winter on the China-Pakistan border

Election of Interest

2021 Armin Laschet is elected leader of Germany's Christian Democrats (CDU), to replace long-serving leader Angela Merkel

  • 2021 India begin the vaccination of its 1.3 billion people for COVID-19