Events in History on January 17

  • 1287 King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca
  • 1377 Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon
  • 1501 Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna

Voyage of Discovery

1524 Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano's voyage to find a passage to China

  • 1536 Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III

Historic Event

1562 French regent Catherine de' Medici issues the Edict of St Germain recognizing Huguenots in France

Declaration of War

1595 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain

  • 1601 France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1656 Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
  • 1718 Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switzerland; kills 53
  • 1746 Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces
  • 1757 German Diet declares war on Prussia

Historic Discovery

1773 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)

  • 1775 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk, Poland
  • 1775 Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play "The Rivals" premieres in London
  • 1779 Captain James Cook's last notation in Discovery's ship's log
  • 1799 Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, is executed

New Settlement

1821 Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen

  • 1827 Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
  • 1832 Johannes van den Bosch appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1852 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1862 -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, Tennessee by USS Lexington
  • 1863 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia

Battle of Interest

1864 General James Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem, Tennessee

  • 1871 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)
  • 1873 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War
  • 1874 Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • 1882 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens her office
  • 1885 Battle of Abu Klea (Battle of Abu Tulayh), Sudan: British Desert Column defeat Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • 1893 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • 1893 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed
  • 1893 Queen Liliuokalani is deposed by an American coup, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
  • 1895 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • 1899 US takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific

Theater Premiere

1904 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

  • 1905 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago

Assassination Attempt

1911 Failed assassination attempt on French Prime Minister Aristide Briand in the French Assembly

  • 1911 Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France

Theater Premiere

1914 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin

  • 1915 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens

Victory in Battle

1915 Battle of Sarikamish ends with a Russian victory over Ottoman forces led by Enver Pasha with loss of over 30,000 men of the Turkish Third Army during Caucasus Campaign

  • 1915 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • 1917 US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
  • 1920 First day of prohibition of alcohol comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution
  • 1920 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • 1923 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • 1923 Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • 1928 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
  • 1929 Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
  • 1934 Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated

Historic Event

1938 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

  • 1938 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Historic Event

1941 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead

  • 1943 Tin Can Drive Day in the US, salvage collected for the war effort
  • 1944 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean

Historic Event

1945 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation

  • 1945 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • 1945 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
  • 1945 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • 1946 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting, at Westminster Central Hall in Westminster, England
  • 1947 Ammunition factory explodes in Muiden, Netherlands, 16 die
  • 1948 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • 1948 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • 1950 The Great Brinks Robbery - 11 men rob $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities from armored car company Brink's offices in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1951 China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
  • 1955 US Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
  • 1957 9-county commission recommends creation of BART

Historic Event

1961 President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".

  • 1961 US President Dwight Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Patrice Lumumba

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690m

  • 1963 Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
  • 1966 B-52/KC-135 tankers crash near Spanish coast at Palomares, 7 die

Historic Event

1966 Martin Luther King Jr. opens campaign in Chicago

  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 5 lands
  • 1970 John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
  • 1971 At a party conference in Dublin, Sinn Féin end their 65 year abstentionist policy and agree that any elected representative could take their seat at the Dáil
  • 1972 Section of Memphis' Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Boulevard
  • 1972 Seven men who were held as internees escape from the prison ship HMS Maidstone in Belfast Lough, North Ireland
  • 1973 City of Amsterdam decides to support Hanoi
  • 1973 New Philippine constitution names Marcos president for life
  • 1976 Hermes rocket launched by European Space Agency
  • 1977 Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in the Utah state prison, convicted of murder
  • 1977 KC releases Tommy Davis, ends an 18-year career with 10 teams
  • 1977 Zaire president Mobutu visits Belgium
  • 1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1980 NASA launches Fltsatcom-3
  • 1980 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb prematurely detonates on a passenger train near Belfast, kills three and injuring five (including the bombers)

Historic Event

1981 President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos ends martial law

  • 1982 "Cold Sunday" in the United States would see temperatures fall to their lowest levels in over 100 years in numerous cities

Historic Event

1983 Alabama Governor George Wallace, becomes governor for a record 4th time

  • 1983 Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians
  • 1985 Azharuddin scores second Test century in second Test (v England)

Historic Event

1987 General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Hu Yaobang is forced to resign, amid demonstrations for greater democracy

Historic Event

1987 US President Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran

  • 1988 Leslie Manigay elected President of Haiti
  • 1989 Gunman opens fire in California schoolyard; 5 students slain, 30 wounded
  • 1989 Murden & Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis)
  • 1990 Dave Stewart signs record $3,500,000 per year Oak A's contract
  • 1991 Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V
  • 1991 Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel
  • 1991 Operation Desert Storm begins, with US-led coalition forces bombing Iraq, during the Gulf War
  • 1992 Sarah Ferguson attends dinner of Everglades club (club excludes Jews)
  • 1993 Russian Irina Privalova cycles world record 300m indoor (35.45")
  • 1994 6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage
  • 1995 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe, Japan and kills 5,372

Historic Event

1995 George W. Bush sworn in as Governor of Texas

  • 1996 Iraq agrees to talks concerning a UN plan to allow for the Iraqi sale of $1 billion of oil; proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes
  • 1996 The Czech Republic applies for membership of the European Union.

Historic Event

1998 US President Bill Clinton faces sexual harassment charges from Paula Jones

  • 2001 OPEC agrees at a meeting of ministers in Vienna, to reduce members' oil production quotas by 1.5 million barrels per day

Historic Expedition

2001 President Bill Clinton posthumously raises William Clark's rank from Lieutenant to Captain, and gave the titles of Honorary Sergeant to Sacagawea, a Shoshone woman who served as guide, and York, a person enslaved by William Clark, who assisted the expedition party

  • 2002 Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
  • 2007 Doomsday Clock set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea's 1st nuclear test
  • 2010 A dragon boat from Chung Ling High School capsizes and collides with a tugboat amid strong currents in Penang, Malaysia, killing 6 people and injuring 12
  • 2013 106 people are massacred by Syrian army forces in Homs
  • 2013 33 people are killed by a series of bombs across Iraq
  • 2013 4 people are killed and over 2,000 are evacuated after a massive flood hits Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2013 8 people are killed in a plane crash in Chiapas, Mexico
  • 2013 Japan unveils plans to build the world’s largest wind farm near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
  • 2014 21 people are killed in a suicide bombing in a restaurant in Kabul, Afghanistan

Historic Event

2016 Fourth Democratic presidential candidates debate: Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders clash over healthcare and gun control in Charleston, South Carolina

  • 2017 Nigerian military mistakenly bomb refugee camp killing more than 70 in Rann, Borno state

Historic Event

2017 US President Barack Obama commutes WikiLeaks discloser Chelsea Manning's prison sentence from 35 to 7 years

  • 2019 Car bomb in Bogota, Colombia, outside the National Police Academy kills at least 8 and injures 41
  • 2019 China executes Cai Dongjia, the country's "godfather of crystal meth" from Boshe, Guangdong
  • 2019 Indian spiritual leader Ram Rahim Singh and two aides sentenced to life in prison for murdering journalist who exposed sexual abuse at the sect
  • 2021 Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny is arrested immediately on his return to Russia after recovering from nerve-agent poisoning [1]