Events in History on January 18

  • 336 St Mark elected Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman Emperor Constans is assassinated and the general Magnentius proclaims himself the new Emperor
  • 474 Leo II, age 6 or 7, briefly becomes Byzantine Emperor, being joined by his father as co-ruler by his father on January 29th

Battle of Interest

532 Nika uprising against Emperor Justinian I in Constantinople fails, 30,000 killed by troops loyal to the Emperor in the Hippodrome

  • 1126 Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Qinzong
  • 1258 Mongol army of 150,000, led by Hulagu, grandson of Genghis Khan, arrives at the walls of Baghdad (city falls Feb 13)
  • 1307 German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia
  • 1478 Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod

Historic Event

1520 Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

New Settlement

1535 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru

  • 1562 The Council of Trent is reopened by Pope Pius IV for its third (and final) session
  • 1591 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1644 Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting
  • 1650 French General Louis II of Condé arrested and imprisoned at Vincennes

Historic Event

1691 English King William III travels to The Hague

  • 1701 Frederick I and Sophie Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia
  • 1733 1st polar bear exhibited in America in Boston
  • 1775 The West India Committee founded in London by London sugar merchants and Caribbean planters. Initially instrumental in promoting slavery, later aided campaign to end slavery. [1]
  • 1776 James Wright, Royal Governor of Georgia, is placed under house arrest by Major Joseph Habersham
  • 1777 San Jose in California founded

Historic Event

1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Appointment of Interest

1779 John Dickinson is appointed a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress

  • 1788 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • 1795 French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England

Historic Event

1817 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

  • 1840 The Electro-Magnet, and Mechanics Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 1850 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • 1854 Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico
  • 1862 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1865 Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 1866 Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • 1869 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco

The German Empire

1871 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

  • 1884 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
  • 1884 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1896 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • 1896 British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • 1900 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels

Catholic Encyclical

1901 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

  • 1902 Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama
  • 1903 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • 1905 French government of Combes falls
  • 1908 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • 1911 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • 1913 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • 1915 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia
  • 1915 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • 1916 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri

Historic Event

1919 Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England

  • 1919 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • 1921 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • 1923 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies

Catholic Encyclical

1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque

  • 1929 "NY Daily Mirror" columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio
  • 1930 -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)
  • 1933 White Sands National Monument in New Mexico established

Historic Event

1934 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC

  • 1941 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • 1942 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

Siege of Leningrad

1943 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

  • 1943 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • 1944 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • 1945 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland to push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1947 Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400
  • 1948 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 1949 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • 1950 Christopher Fry's "Venus Observed" premieres in London
  • 1951 1st use of lie detector in the Netherlands
  • 1951 Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against GDR"
  • 1951 Mount Lamington in Papua New Guinea erupts, killing 2,942 people
  • 1954 Amintore Fanfani forms Italian government
  • 1955 Battle of Yijiangshan Islands between Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the People's Liberation Army
  • 1956 German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army)
  • 1957 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min
  • 1960 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board
  • 1960 US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
  • 1961 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat
  • 1962 Southern University, Baton Rouge, closed due to demonstrations
  • 1962 US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10:59)
  • 1964 Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC)
  • 1965 H L de Vries appointed Dutch governor of Suriname
  • 1966 Robert C. Weaver, confirmed as 1st Black US presidential cabinet member (Housing and Urban Development - HUD)
  • 1967 Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Expanded 4 party Vietnam peace talks began in Paris
  • 1969 United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay, killing all 38 people on-board
  • 1970 Hasse Borjes skates world record 500m in 38.9 sec

Meeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling

  • 1972 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1972 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Brian Faulkner bans all parades and marches in Northern Ireland until the end of the year
  • 1974 Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord
  • 1977 Australia's worst rail disaster occurs in Sydney, killing 83 people
  • 1977 Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
  • 1978 Geoff Boycott captains England for the 1st time, v Pakistan at Karachi
  • 1978 Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut collapses (no injuries)
  • 1978 Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB
  • 1979 Peter Jenkins finishes "A Walk Across America" at Florence, Oregon
  • 1980 Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce
  • 1980 Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000
  • 1981 Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets
  • 1981 Phil Smith and Phil Mayfield become the first two people to BASE jump from objects in all four categories (buildings, cliffs, bridges, antennae) after parachuting off a Houston skyscraper
  • 1984 80th Islander & 3rd dual hat trick (Carroll & Bossy) 9-1 win
  • 1985 US renounces jurisdiction of World Court despite previous promise
  • 1986 24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth
  • 1986 NY Lotto pays $30.5 million to one winner (#s are 19-20-27-34-41-46)
  • 1988 Airliner crashes in SW China, killing all 108 on board
  • 1989 Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC)
  • 1989 IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988
  • 1990 South Africa says it is reconsidering ban on African National Congress
  • 1990 Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting
  • 1991 Eastern Air Lines goes out of business after 62 years, citing financial problems.
  • 1991 Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

Historic Event

1991 US acknowledges CIA and US Army paid Manuel Noriega $320,000 over his career

Historic Event

1993 Martin Luther King Jr. holiday observed in all 50 states of the USA for 1st time

  • 1994 The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.
  • 1995 Kumble takes 16-99 in match for Karnataka v Kerala

Papal Visit

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to Australia

  • 1997 Boerge Ousland of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided
  • 1997 In north west Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers and seriously wound one other.
  • 1998 ABL All-Star Game at Disney complex in Orlando
  • 2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
  • 2002 Sierra Leone Civil War finally declared over.
  • 2003 A bushfire kills 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.
  • 2005 The world's largest commercial jet, the Airbus A380, is unveiled in France
  • 2007 Hurricane Kyrill: kills at least 44 in Western Europe: strongest British storm in 17 years kills 14 people, worst German storm since 1999 with 13 deaths and causes container Ship MSC Napoli to be destroyed off coast of Devon
  • 2012 Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) blackout becomes the largest protest in the history of the internet

Contract of Interest

2013 Former New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin is indicted on corruption charges stemming from post-Hurricane Katrina business contracts and bribes

  • 2016 World's 62 richest people are now as wealthy as half the world's population according to a report published by Oxfam
  • 2017 NASA and NOAA announce that 2016 was the hottest year on record, surpassing the previous record set in 2015 which itself topped a record set in 2014
  • 2018 First drone rescue of swimmers by lifeguards in New South Wales, Australia
  • 2021 Brazil begins vaccinations for COVID-19 with the world's second-highest death toll at 209,000
  • 2022 France records a record 464,769 new COVID-19 cases with other European countries also registering record numbers amid Omicron's spread [1]
  • 2022 Indonesia's parliament approves bill to relocate its capital to Borneo and announces new city's name will be Nusantara, (meaning archipelago) [1]
  • 2022 Microsoft says it is buying Activision Blizzard, publisher of online games "Call of Duty", "World of Warcraft" and "Candy Crush" for $70 billion - biggest-ever gaming and tech takeover [1]