Events in History on January 2

  • 69 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, Emperor
  • 366 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire
  • 533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names

Completion of the Reconquista

1492 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula

Historic Event

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

  • 1585 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1678 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1776 Austria ends the use of interrogation by torture
  • 1791 Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1800 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1811 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)

Historic Event

1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"

  • 1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • 1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.

Historic Publication

1831 "The Liberator", weekly abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing by William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1833 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

Famous Photo

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

  • 1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1861 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879 Dr Benjamin Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1883 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • 1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • 1890 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • 1893 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • 1893 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • 1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • 1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • 1900 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Historic Event

1903 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

  • 1905 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms
  • 1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • 1905 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia

Historic Invention

1906 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

  • 1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 1909 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • 1910 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
  • 1913 Australia releases its first national stamp - a kangaroo on a map of Australia

Historic Event

1913 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

  • 1914 Philips installs research department in Eindhoven
  • 1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • 1920 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • 1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • 1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Florida, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • 1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
  • 1929 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • 1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
  • 1933 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
  • 1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
  • 1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania

Murder of Interest

1935 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

  • 1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • 1941 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1942 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1942 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • 1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • 1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East Bengal
  • 1949 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1951 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections

Lunar 1 (Mechta)

1959 USSR launches the Luna 1 spacecraft (Mechta), the 1st to leave Earth's gravity, reach the vicinity of the Moon and to be placed in heliocentric orbit

  • 1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • 1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years

Historic Event

1960 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

  • 1961 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale

Assassination Attempt

1964 Failed assassination attempt on President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana

  • 1965 Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan

Historic Event

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters

  • 1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
  • 1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion

Appointment of Interest

1968 Cecil Day-Lewis is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Historic Event

1968 Christiaan Barnard performs the world's second heart transplant on Philip Blaiberg

Historic Event

1969 Australian Rupert Murdoch gains control of the 'News of the World'

  • 1969 Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1969 Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
  • 1970 US population is 293,200,000; African American population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
  • 1972 An anti-internment rally is held in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1972 Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars

Historic Event

1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

  • 1974 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
  • 1975 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • 1980 British Steel workers go on a national strike
  • 1983 Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
  • 1983 Several African National Congress (ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.

Coup d'état

1984 Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup

  • 1984 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
  • 1984 Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Philadelphia's 1st black mayor

Historic Event

1985 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III

  • 1985 Leg-spin bowler Bob "Dutchy" Holland takes 4/90 for match figures of 10/144 as Australia beats the West Indies by innings in 5th Test in Sydney; Windies take series, 3-1
  • 1986 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Victory in Battle

1987 Troops of Chadian President Hissène Habré conquer the Fada oasis

  • 1988 Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn

Agreement of Interest

1988 Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement

  • 1988 Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
  • 1989 UCLA beats Arkansas Razorbacks, 17-3 to win the Cotton Bowl Classic in Dallas; record 7th consecutive football bowl game victory for the Bruins
  • 1990 Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)
  • 1991 University of Colorado, Boulder, coached by Bill McCartney wins its first Associated Press National Championship of College Football poll
  • 1993 Opposing factions in the Bosnian conflict hold meetings with the aim of ending the nine month conflict
  • 1994 Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57
  • 1995 Bus crashes in Luzon Philippines, 29 killed
  • 1995 Carquest Bowl 5: South Carolina beats West Virginia, 24-21
  • 1995 Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)
  • 1996 The US deploys troops in Northern Bosnia with the intention of maintaining order and peace between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Columbus OH on WBZX 99.7 FM
  • 1998 Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates & cocaine
  • 1999 A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
  • 2001 Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 2002 Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • 2004 Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later
  • 2014 30 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff and falls 400 ft in Malshej Ghat, India

Historic Event

2014 Raúl Castro gives a speech commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Cuban revolution and warns of "neo-liberal and neo-colonial thinking" entering the country

Historic Event

2015 The Economist lists Daniel Kahneman as the 7th most influential economist in the world

  • 2016 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr
  • 2017 US House Republicans vote to gut the independent Office of Congressional Ethics, a public uproar forces them to back down the next day
  • 2018 Bus crash in Pasamayo, Peru, kills 51 on notorious "Devil's Curve" road
  • 2018 Storm Eleanor forms near Ireland then sweeps across the UK and Western Europe in next few days
  • 2018 US senator Al Franken resigns
  • 2018 WHO reveals it will classify gaming addiction as mental health condition in its next Classification of Diseases

Historic Event

2019 Apple CEO Tim Cook blames below expectation Chinese iPhone sales for downturn in company's outlook, rocking international stock markets

  • 2019 Two women become the first to ever enter India's Sabarimala shrine in Kerala State, after law change, prompting protests

Historic Event

2021 US President Donald Trump says to Georgia's secretary of state Brad Raffensperger "I just want to find 11,780 votes, which is one more than we have,” in recording released by the Washington Post

  • 2022 Israel becomes one of the first countries to offer a fourth vaccine dose against COVID-19 amid an Omicron surge
  • 2022 Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok resigns in a televised address amid political deadlock after a rejection of his deal with the military by pro-democracy forces

COVID-19 Pandemic

2022 US epidemiologist Dr. Anthony Fauci says focus should be on hospitalizations not case numbers amid huge surge in Omicron COVID-19 cases. Cases up 202%, hospitalizations up 30% in US. [1]

  • 2023 Buffalo Bills player Damar Hamlin collapses in cardiac arrest and is revived by CPR on the field in televised NFL game against the Bengals in Cincinnati