Events in History on January 20

  • 250 St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
  • 1045 Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
  • 1156 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
  • 1265 First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster Hall
  • 1320 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes King of Poland
  • 1356 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots
  • 1502 The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored
  • 1503 Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) established by the Crown of Castile in the port of Seville to deal with American affairs

Christian II Crowned

1513 Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish and Norwegian king

  • 1523 Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway
  • 1576 The Mexican city of León is founded by order of viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa
  • 1613 Peace of Knarod ends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
  • 1648 Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
  • 1667 Treaty of Andrussovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1778 1st American military court martial trial begins in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1781 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 1785 Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Island), no takers
  • 1788 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia

The Great Sanhedrin

1807 Napoleon convenes the "Great Sanhedrin", a Jewish high court in Paris, gives legal sanction to the principles expressed by the Assembly of Notables

  • 1809 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 1839 Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance
  • 1840 Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
  • 1840 Dutch King Willem II crowned
  • 1841 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War

1st Northwest Passage

1850 HMS Investigator headed by Robert McClure leaves England, 1st expedition to make a Northwest passage (though some over ice)

  • 1860 Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 1866 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
  • 1868 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee

1st Woman Testifies Before Congress

1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

  • 1870 "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Election of Interest

1870 Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Albert Brown as US Senator from Mississippi

  • 1872 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • 1879 British troops under Lord Chelmsford make camp at Isandlwana
  • 1887 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor

Historic Event

1905 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

  • 1914 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • 1920 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • 1920 Russian Imperial Navy Admiral Alexander Kolchak, leader of anti-communist "White Movement" surrenders to Bolshevik troops
  • 1920 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded
  • 1921 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sinks with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • 1921 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • 1921 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • 1921 Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire
  • 1925 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1926 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • 1929 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • 1930 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
  • 1934 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria

Historic Event

1936 Edward VIII succeeds British King George V

  • 1937 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • 1937 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Historic Event

1941 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded

  • 1942 Japanese invade Burma

Wannsee Conference

1942 Nazi officials hold the notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews

  • 1943 Lead, South Dakota, temperature is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood records -16°F

Historic Event

1943 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans

  • 1944 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin

Historic Event

1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

  • 1945 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1946 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • 1947 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

Historic Event

1949 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program

  • 1950 Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
  • 1952 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone

Historic Event

1953 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

  • 1953 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York
  • 1954 -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
  • 1954 -70°F measured at Rogers Pass, Montana (record low temperature in the contiguous US)
  • 1954 The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1957 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • 1958 A group attempting the 1st surface crossing of Antarctic join up at the South Pole

Historic Event

1960 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo

JFK Inaugurated

1961 Democrat John F. Kennedy, the youngest elected President of the United States, is administered his oath of office at his inauguration by Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren. Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright".

Historic Event

1961 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees

Meeting of Interest

1965 Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain

  • 1965 The Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
  • 1965 The US Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return
  • 1969 Richard M Nixon inaugurated as US president
  • 1969 U of Az reports 1st optical id of pulsar (in Crab Nebula)
  • 1970 Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano; Marciano won.
  • 1972 Number of people out of work and claiming unemployment benefit in UK rises to over 1 million
  • 1972 Six oil exporting countries conclude meetings with Western oil companies; an agreement is reached to raise the price of crude
  • 1973 A car bomb explodes in Sackville Place, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, killing 1 person and injuring 17 (no group claimed responsibility)

Richard Nixon Inaugurated

1973 Richard Nixon's second inauguration as President of the United States takes place in Washington, D.C.

  • 1974 7th ABA All-Star Game: East 128 beats West 112 at Virginia
  • 1975 Terrence McNally's play "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 George H. W. Bush ends his term as 11th director of CIA replaced by E. Henry Knoche as acting director

Historic Event

1979 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader

  • 1980 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1980 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • 1981 Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA
  • 1981 Frank C. Carlucci, ends his term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1981 Islander Glenn Resch's 25th & last shut-out opponent-Flames 5-0

Ronald Reagan Inaugurated

1981 Ronald Reagan inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States of America

Iran Hostage Crisis

1981 The US diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran are released and begin their journey home after 444 days

  • 1982 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky
  • 1982 Honduras constitution goes into effect
  • 1982 Piet Dankert elected chairman of European Parliament

Murder of Interest

1983 American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier

  • 1984 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
  • 1985 Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27°F (-33°C) in Chicago)

Historic Event

1986 1st US federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr. or MLK Day

  • 1986 Chunnel announced (railroad tunnel under Channel)
  • 1986 Military coup in Lesotho under major general Lekhanya & premier Leabua Jonathan

Historic Event

1987 8th ACE Cable Awards: Ted Turner wins the Golden CableACE

  • 1987 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon by Islamic militia group

Historic Event

1987 Bank robber Robert A. Litchfield is arrested at Lake Tahoe

  • 1988 Andre Hoffman skates world record 1,500m (1:52.06)
  • 1988 Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham

George H. W. Bush Inaugurated

1989 George H. W. Bush inaugurated as 41st US President, Dan Quayle becomes 44th Vice President

  • 1989 Reagan becomes 1st US President elected in a "0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive
  • 1990 Black January - crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku
  • 1990 US 64th manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) returns from space
  • 1991 13th UCP Telethon
  • 1991 Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1991 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
  • 1993 Adm Studeman, serves as acting director of CIA

Bill Clinton Inaugurated

1993 Bill Clinton (D) inaugurated as 42nd US President

Inauguration Firsts

1993 Maya Angelou is 1st African American and woman to recite a poem at inauguration of a US President - "On the Pulse of Morning" for Bill Clinton

  • 1995 Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record)
  • 1996 WPAT FM NYC radio station switches to English-Spanish format
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit
  • 1997 French electronic dance duo Daft Punk release their album "Homework"
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in New Orleans LA on KKND 106.7 FM
  • 1997 Pakistan defeat West Indies 2-0 to win Aust one-day Series
  • 1998 Warner Brothers TV Network begins Tueday night programming
  • 1999 The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.

George W. Bush Inaugurated

2001 George W. Bush inaugurated as 43rd US President, Dick Cheney becomes 46th Vice President

EDSA II Revolution

2001 President of the Philippines Joseph Estrada is ousted in the EDSA II Revolution and succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

  • 2002 Photographs showing al-Qaeda and Taliban suspects shackled and masked are published by the United States military

Barack Obama Inaugurated

2009 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president

US History

2009 Joe Biden assumes the office of the Vice President of the United States

  • 2013 Austria votes to maintain compulsory military service in a referendum
  • 2014 Credit cards of at least 20 million South Koreans are hacked
  • 2017 Car ploughs into pedestrians in central Melbourne, killing 6 and injuring 27

Donald Trump Inaugurated

2017 Donald Trump is inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States of America and Mike Pence as the 48th Vice President

  • 2021 Joe Biden is inaugurated as the 46th President of the United States of America and Kamala Harris as the 49th Vice President, the first female, black or south Asian Vice President. Amanda Gorman recites "The Hill We Climb".
  • 2021 US President Joe Biden signs 15 executive orders on his first day in office, including: US re-joining the WHO, affirming the Paris Climate Agreement, revoking the Keystone XL Pipeline, mandating masks on federal properties, and halting construction of the southern border wall [1]
  • 2022 19-year-old aviator Zara Rutherford becomes the youngest woman to fly solo around the world landing at Kortrijk-Wevelgem Airport, Belgium [1]