Events in History on January 23

  • 393 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor
  • 909 John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.
  • 971 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1265 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1368 In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1490 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
  • 1546 Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1552 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake - deadliest ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 1570 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1571 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1579 Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1631 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1637 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1643 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1647 Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1656 French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Rÿnstaten

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1668 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1779 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 1789 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 1793 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • 1796 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500
  • 1812 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833 Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845 Uniform US election day for President & VP authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

  • 1849 US Patent granted for an envelope-making machine to Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • 1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge
  • 1856 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • 1859 Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
  • 1862 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • 1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • 1870 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1894 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1896 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • 1897 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
  • 1897 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator
  • 1908 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • 1909 1st radio rescue at sea
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague
  • 1913 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government
  • 1916 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • 1920 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

  • 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms the first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1926 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
  • 1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
  • 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 1932 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • 1933 20th amendment ratified changed date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January
  • 1936 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • 1941 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • 1942 Battle of Rabaul - Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
  • 1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1943 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • 1945 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Naval commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • 1948 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • 1950 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
  • 1950 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950 Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung
  • 1953 Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
  • 1954 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • 1955 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • 1957 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever sppeach at the UN on Kashmir- 8 hours over 2 days
  • 1958 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
  • 1960 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • 1961 Venezuela adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 British intellegence officer Kim Philby defects to USSR

  • 1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1964 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Arthur Miller's "After the Fall" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1965 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber
  • 1968 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1969 Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
  • 1970 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • 1970 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)
  • 1971 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
  • 1971 UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row
  • 1971 Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Britain allowed to sell arms to S. Africa, after Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ends in compromise
  • 1972 Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi
  • 1972 Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
  • 1973 Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs
  • 1973 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1973 Shah of Iran announces that the 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979
  • 1974 1st edition of women's magazine "Story"
  • 1976 The Provisional Irish Republican Army truce of February 1975 is officially brought to an end
  • 1976 The results to U.S. advice columnist Ann Landers' question (if they could do it all over, would parents still become parents) state that 70% of 10,000 responding parents were negative about being parents
  • 1977 $1.5-million Serge Lepage dress exhibited, Paris
  • 1978 Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris
  • 1978 Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer.
  • 1981 1st Richard Nixon museum opens in San Clemente California
  • 1981 Jochem Bird elected mayor of West Berlin
  • 1982 Urbe Blanca (cow) produces record 110 kg of milk, Cuba (approx date)
  • 1982 World Airways DC-10 skids at Boston Logan Airport killing 2
  • 1983 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14,700,000
  • 1983 Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean
  • 1983 Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:40.97)
  • 1985 Britains House of Lords debate 1st televised
  • 1986 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB
  • 1987 Dow Jones rises 64 points then drops 110 points (44.15 pt loss)
  • 1987 Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)
  • 1988 Bob Benoit bowls 1st 300-pt game in a televised title match
  • 1989 Challenge to "who is a Jew" law filed in Israeli Supreme Court
  • 1989 100s feared dead after a powerful earthquake strikes the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan
  • 1990 Dean Jones scores twin Test tons v Pakistan at Adelaide Oval
  • 1991 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991 Bagogwe Massacre of Tutsi in and around Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda
  • 1993 Indian Airlines B737 crashes art Aurangabad, 61 die
  • 1993 NY Newsday reports Oregan Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women
  • 1993 US female Figure Skating championship won by Nancy Kerrigan
  • 1994 Bernie Kosar is 2nd QB to throw TD passes in AFC & NFC Champ games
  • 1994 Worldwide Day for peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina
  • 1996 Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test NZ v Zimbabwe
  • 1996 The first version of the Java programming language released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Pope John Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2001 The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
  • 2002 Reporter Daniel Pearl kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently murdered.
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.
  • 2003 Final communication between Earth and NASA space probe Pioneer 10
  • 2009 Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.
  • 2009 UK officially enters recession as GDP falls by 1.5% in the last quarter of 2008 following a 0.6% drop in the third quarter, with unemployment growing by 131,000 to 1.92 million (6.1%)
  • 2012 European Union agrees to embargo Iranian oil in protest against Iran's alleged nuclear weapons program
  • 2013 23 people are killed in a mosque suicide bombing in Tuz Khormato, Iraq
  • 2013 18 people are killed in a market shooting in Damboa, Nigeria
  • 2013 US armed forces overturns 1994 ban on women serving in combat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • 2016 Blizzard delivers record snow to 80 US states, New York 30 inches of snow. Washington 28 inches at least 15 killed
  • 2016 8 museum workers from Egyptian Museum, Cairo referred for prosecution for reattaching Tutankhamun's beard with inappropriate glue
  • 2016 Zika virus outbreak in Brazil prompts Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador and Jamaica to recommend women delay pregnancies for up to 2 years
  • 2017 Thunderstorms and tornadoes in Georgia and Mississippi leave at least 18 dead in the US
  • 2017 Most expensive house in the US worth $250 million goes on the market in Bel Air, Los Angeles
  • 3268 Beginning of 2nd Julian Period (1/1 OS)