Events in History on January 23

  • 393 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor
  • 909 Bulgarian Saint John of Rila [Saint Ivan] performs the miracle of the two pies - uses two pies to feed the poor
  • 971 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1265 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1368 In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

Historic Event

1484 Parliament of English King Richard III opens, passes Titulus Regis, (Richard's right to the throne)

  • 1490 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
  • 1546 Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel
  • 1552 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • 1570 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Historic Event

1571 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

  • 1579 Union of Utrecht signed by Northern Habsburg counties of Holland and Zeeland, and provinces of Utrecht and Groningen, marking the beginning of protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1631 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1637 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1643 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War

Historic Publication

1656 French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

  • 1668 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.

Historic Event

1779 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)

  • 1789 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 1793 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized

Dutch Fleet Captured

1795 War of the First Coalition: French cavalry captures 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns near the port of Den Helder - rare instance of cavalry capturing a fleet

  • 1796 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of the Council of 500
  • 1812 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833 Joseph Pease becomes the first Quaker to be admitted to the UK Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845 Uniform US election day for President & VP authorized
  • 1846 Tunisia becomes the first Arab nation to outlaw slavery in decree issued by Ahmed I Bey [1]

Historic Event

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree graduating from New York's Geneva Medical College

  • 1849 US Patent granted for an envelope-making machine to Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson

Historic Event

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • 1855 1st bridge over the Mississippi River in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, opens; today made by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge
  • 1856 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (later lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • 1859 Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
  • 1862 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • 1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, Virginia (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • 1870 Marias Massacre: Approximately 200 Piegan Blackfeet Indians (mostly women, children, and elderly men) killed by US Army, in Montana Territory, spawning outrage and preventing the military from regaining control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs [1] [2]

Historic Event

1889 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

  • 1894 G. W. Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1896 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • 1897 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

Historic Event

1899 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic

Historic Event

1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

  • 1908 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • 1909 1st radio rescue at sea during CQD distress code by the British Royal Mail steamship Republic off Nantucket Island
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague

Coup d'état

1913 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government, assassinating Minister of War Nazim Pasha

  • 1916 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning, Montana
  • 1920 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor William II of Germany to allies
  • 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)

Historic Event

1924 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

Historic Event

1926 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1928 A stage version of the Czech novel "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" produced and directed by Erwin Piscator with the help of Bertolt Brecht premieres in Berlin

  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh photographs dwarf planet Pluto
  • 1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
  • 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 1932 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • 1933 20th amendment, which changed the date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January, is ratified
  • 1936 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Historic Event

1937 Karl Radek and sixteen others go on trial in Moscow as part of the Great Purge, many are sentenced to death

  • 1941 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • 1941 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • 1942 Battle of Rabaul: Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • 1945 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Historic Event

1945 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal to evacuate German soldiers and civilians from Prussia by sea

  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • 1948 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • 1950 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
  • 1950 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950 Rebel army of Dutch military officer Raymond Westerling occupies Bandung, Java
  • 1954 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • 1955 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • 1957 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever speech defending India's stand on Kashmir at the UN - 8 hours over 2 days
  • 1957 Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee flying disc (originally called the "Pluto Platter" - until 1958)
  • 1958 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
  • 1960 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • 1961 Venezuela adopts constitution

Historic Event

1962 British intelligence officer Kim Philby defects to USSR

  • 1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1964 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

Theater Premiere

1964 Arthur Miller's play "After the Fall" premieres in NYC

  • 1965 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber
  • 1968 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1969 Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
  • 1970 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • 1970 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)
  • 1971 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
  • 1971 Britain allowed to sell arms to S. Africa, after Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ends in compromise
  • 1971 Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row
  • 1972 Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to a wedding party, killing 100 in New Delhi
  • 1972 Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
  • 1973 Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs
  • 1973 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims

Agreement of Interest

1973 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi announces that the 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979

Historic Event

1973 US President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

  • 1974 1st edition of women's magazine "Story"
  • 1976 The Provisional Irish Republican Army truce of February 1975 is officially brought to an end
  • 1976 The results to U.S. advice columnist Ann Landers' question (if they could do it all over, would parents still become parents) state that 70% of 10,000 responding parents were negative about being parents
  • 1977 $1.5-million Serge Lepage dress exhibited, Paris
  • 1978 Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris
  • 1978 Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer.
  • 1981 1st Richard Nixon museum opens in San Clemente California
  • 1981 Jochem Bird elected mayor of West Berlin
  • 1982 Urbe Blanca (cow) produces record 110 kg of milk, Cuba (approx date)
  • 1982 World Airways DC-10 skids at Boston Logan Airport killing 2
  • 1983 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14.7 million
  • 1983 Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean
  • 1983 Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:40.97)
  • 1986 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB
  • 1987 Dow Jones rises 64 points then drops 110 points (44.15 pt loss)
  • 1987 Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)
  • 1989 100s feared dead after a powerful earthquake strikes the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan
  • 1989 Challenge to "who is a Jew" law filed in Israeli Supreme Court
  • 1991 Bagogwe Massacre of Tutsi in and around Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda
  • 1991 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1993 Indian Airlines B737 crashes at Aurangabad, killing 61

Historic Event

1993 NY Newsday reports Oregan Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women

  • 1994 Bernie Kosar is 2nd QB to throw TD passes in AFC & NFC Champ games
  • 1994 Worldwide Day for peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina
  • 1996 Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test NZ v Zimbabwe
  • 1996 The first version of the Java programming language released

Historic Event

1998 Pope John Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba

  • 2001 The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.
  • 2002 Reporter Daniel Pearl kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently murdered.
  • 2003 Final communication between Earth and NASA space probe Pioneer 10 (then 7.6 billion miles (12.23 billion kilometers from Earth)
  • 2009 Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.
  • 2009 UK officially enters recession as GDP falls by 1.5% in the last quarter of 2008 following a 0.6% drop in the third quarter, with unemployment growing by 131,000 to 1.92 million (6.1%)
  • 2012 European Union agrees to embargo Iranian oil in protest against Iran's alleged nuclear weapons program
  • 2013 18 people are killed in a market shooting in Damboa, Nigeria
  • 2013 23 people are killed in a mosque suicide bombing in Tuz Khormato, Iraq
  • 2013 US armed forces overturns 1994 ban on women serving in combat

Royal Coronation

2015 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah

Historic Event

2016 8 museum workers from Egyptian Museum, Cairo referred for prosecution for reattaching Tutankhamun's beard with inappropriate glue

  • 2016 Category 5 blizzard delivers record 3ft of snow to the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast US, killing 55 and incurring estimated $500m - $3bn economic losses
  • 2016 Zika virus outbreak in Brazil prompts Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador and Jamaica to recommend women delay pregnancies for up to 2 years
  • 2017 Most expensive house in the US worth $250 million goes on the market in Bel Air, Los Angeles
  • 2017 Thunderstorms and tornadoes in Georgia and Mississippi leave at least 18 dead in the US
  • 2018 Chinese researchers report they have cloned two monkeys, using the same technology as Dolly the Sheep
  • 2018 Twelve camels disqualified from the King Abdulaziz Camel beauty contest, Saudi Arabia after their owners used botox on their lips
  • 2019 New record for most expensive US property, $238 million for penthouse condominium overlooking Central Park, NY, bought by hedge fund billionaire Ken Griffin

Historic Event

2019 US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi disinvites President Donald Trump from making a State of the Union address in Congress citing government shutdown

Historic Event

2019 Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido declares himself acting President amid widespread violent protests against President Nicolas Maduro's regime

  • 2020 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp marked by an international forum in Jerusalem, Israel


2020 China locks down the city of Wuhan and its 9 million people, in a belated but ultimately successful effort to control the city's COVID-19 epidemic

  • 2020 Voice of a 3,000 year old Egyptian priest recreated by scientists 3D printing his vocal tract published in "Scientific Reports"
  • 3268 Beginning of 2nd Julian Period (1/1 OS)