Events in History on January 25

Roman Empire

41 After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate

  • 1139 Godfried II the Young becomes Duke of Brabant

Historic Event

1327 King Edward III accedes to the English throne aged 14, after his mother Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father Edward II

  • 1348 Friuli Earthquake in |European southern Alps measuring approximately 6.9, largely destroys Villach, killing 5,000
  • 1494 Alfonso II succeeds his father as King of Naples
  • 1554 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • 1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • 1565 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India

Victory in Battle

1573 Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu

Historic Event

1721 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy

Historic Event

1755 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day

  • 1777 Americans drag cannon up hill of Kingsbridge Road to fight British, prompting a name change to Gun Hill Road (Bronx, New York)
  • 1787 Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Capt Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1792 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1799 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

Election of Interest

1802 Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic

Historic Event

1819 University of Virginia chartered by Commonwealth of Virginia, with Thomas Jefferson one of its founders

  • 1825 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

Famous Photo

1839 Henry Fox Talbot exhibits early photographs to the Royal Institution in the UK

Historic Expedition

1840 American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent

  • 1844 Recontre between Reps Weller & Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 1854 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Bednost ne Porok" premieres in Moscow
  • 1856 Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians
  • 1861 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • 1863 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1865 CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1870 Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 1875 Anti-slavery society forms in New York

Election of Interest

1877 Congress establishes the Electoral Commission to determine the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden

  • 1879 The Bulgarian National Bank is founded
  • 1882 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms

Historic Event

1890 Journalist Nellie Bly beats the fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg around the world by 8 days (72 days)

Historic Event

1890 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

  • 1890 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1904 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • 1904 John Millington Synge's play "Riders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • 1907 Julia Ward Howe is first woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters (USA)
  • 1908 John Blockx's opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp
  • 1910 1st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, SAf v Eng)
  • 1910 Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem

Agreement of Interest

1914 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

  • 1915 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in San Francisco
  • 1915 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to San Francisco)
  • 1916 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1918 Russia declared a republic of Soviets
  • 1919 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • 1919 The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world's largest, opens in Manhattan
  • 1921 Karel Čapek's play "R.U.R." premieres in Prague, introduces the word "robot"
  • 1923 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • 1932 1st commencement exercises at Hebrew U in Jerusalem
  • 1937 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • 1938 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1939 1st nuclear fission experiment (splitting of a uranium atom) in the US, in basement of Pupin Hall, Columbia University by a team including Enrico Fermi

  • 1939 Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed
  • 1940 Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

Historic Event

1941 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

Historic Event

1942 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

  • 1945 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • 1945 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • 1945 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • 1946 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor

Election of Interest

1949 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

  • 1950 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January
  • 1953 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • 1955 Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
  • 1955 Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
  • 1955 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • 1955 US & Panama sign canal treaty
  • 1956 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • 1957 FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR
  • 1959 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

Historic Event

1959 Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council

  • 1961 Military coup in El Salvador
  • 1964 Echo 2, US communications satellite launched
  • 1968 Risse St in Bronx named
  • 1968 Robert Anderson's "I Never Sang for My Father" premieres in NYC
  • 1969 US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

Murder of Interest

1971 Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

  • 1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes 18th Indian state

Coup d'état

1971 Military coup in Uganda under Major General Idi Amin

Historic Event

1971 Philadelphia mint's 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

Historic Event

1971 The 170 delegates of the Ulster Unionist Council (UUC) call for the resignation of Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark

  • 1972 7' Ohio State center Luke Witte is stomped in face during a brawl in a game with Minnesota

Historic Event

1974 Dr. Christiaan Barnard transplants 1st heterotopic heart transplant (adding donor heart without removal of old)

Historic Event

1975 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

  • 1976 Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut Ind v NZ Auckland
  • 1978 Muriel Humphrey (D-Mn) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat
  • 1979 1st documented case of a robot killing a human in US
  • 1979 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

Historic Event

1979 Pope John Paul II's 1st overseas trip as supreme pontiff

  • 1980 Bani Sadr elected president of Iran
  • 1980 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft

Iran Hostage Crisis

1981 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

Historic Event

1981 Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

  • 1983 China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life
  • 1983 Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

Historic Event

1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia

  • 1985 "Black & Blue" premieres in Paris
  • 1986 General Tito Okello's government flees Kampala, Uganda
  • 1988 Ramsewak Shankar sworn in as President of Suriname
  • 1989 Augusto Alcalde, 1st South American Zen teacher, receives Dharma Transmission
  • 1990 Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die

Historic Event

1990 Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail

  • 1990 Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1990 The Burns' Day windstorm storm hits northwestern Europe
  • 1991 Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government
  • 1992 Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264
  • 1993 Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.
  • 1993 Puerto Rico adds English as its 2nd official language
  • 1993 Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years
  • 1994 Mine fire at Asansol, India, kills 55
  • 1994 US space probe Clementine launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
  • 1995 Jacques Santer succeeds Jacques Delors as chairman of Euro Committee

Historic Event

1998 Britain's Queen Mother, 97, gets an emergency hip replacement

  • 1998 Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka's Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.
  • 1998 Pope John Paul II visits Cuba and demands the release of political prisoners; he also condemns US moves to isolate the country
  • 1999 Earthquake hits Colombia, South America, killing around 300 and injuring 1000
  • 2001 A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela killing 24
  • 2002 Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software ("Phase II") aka Magnus Manske Day.
  • 2005 A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258
  • 2006 Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.
  • 2010 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 crashes into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after take-off from Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport, killing all 90 people on-board.
  • 2011 Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities
  • 2011 UK announces it had a shock economic contraction of 0.5% in Q4 2010, due to severe winter weather and budget cuts implemented by the coalition government
  • 2013 50 people are killed and 90 are injured in a prison riot in Barquisimeto, Venezuela
  • 2013 6 civilians and 1 police officer are shot dead and 456 people are injured during a nationwide protest against Egypt’s 2011 revolution
  • 2013 8 people are killed by 2 car bombs in Golan Heights, Syria
  • 2013 Initial GDP figures for the fourth quarter of 2012 show the UK economy shrank by 0.3% raising fears of a triple dip recession
  • 2013 Islamist forces are driven out of Hombori by the Malian army
  • 2013 Tropical cyclone Oswald makes landfall in Queensland, Australia, causing mass flooding
  • 2016 British rowing team becomes first female crew and first crew of four to cross the Pacific, San Francisco to Cairns in 257 days
  • 2017 Kisenosato becomes the 1st Japanese home-grown sumo champion since 1998 when he is made yokozuna, 72nd Grand Champion
  • 2018 Doomsday clock moved by 30 seconds to 2 minutes to midnight by Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, closest since 1950s
  • 2018 Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi asked "are there any bookshops in Nigeria?" in controversial French interview
  • 2019 At least 20 people have died this week in Venezuelan anti-government protests according to the UN

Agreement of Interest

2019 Longest-ever US government shutdown ends after 35 days when President Donald Trump agrees to three week of negotiations on border security by a House-Senate conference committee

  • 2019 Roger Stone, political lobbyist for Donald Trump, is arrested as part of Mueller investigation for obstruction of justice, witness tampering and making false statements
  • 2019 Tailing dam for an iron ore mine in Brumadinho, south-eastern Brazil, collapses killing at least 110 with 238 missing
  • 2020 Severe rainstorms cause landslides and floods in Brazil's Minas Gerais state, killing at least 30

Appointment of Interest

2021 Janet Yellen is confirmed as the first female treasury secretary by the US Senate

  • 2022 Australian government buys the copyright to the Aboriginal flag designed by artist Harold Thomas for A$20 million (US$14m) [1]
  • 2022 People smuggling boat reported to have capsized in the Florida Straits with the loss of 38 lives