Events in History on January 26

  • 66 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Historic Event

1340 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

  • 1482 "Pentateuch" the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil
  • 1531 Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  • 1589 Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
  • 1654 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1666 France declares war on England & Munster

Historic Event

1689 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr

Historic Event

1697 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

  • 1699 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Karlowitz with Ottoman Empire, ending the Great Turkish War (1683-97) - 1st time Ottomans concede significant territory
  • 1700 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • 1736 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne
  • 1748 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty

Historic Event

1777 Captain James Cook stops in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) with Resolution, for supplies, on his 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean

Historic Event

1784 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

British Empire

1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • 1789 John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church in the Bronx
  • 1797 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 1802 Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia
  • 1837 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838 Myall Creek Massacre: about 50 Wirrayaraay indigenous people killed by New South Wales Mounted Police (seven men later the first ever to be hanged for killing Australian Aborigines) [1]
  • 1838 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1841 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 1850 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
  • 1857 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville delivers his design for a phonautograph, which created visual images of sound, to the French Academy
  • 1861 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Battle of Interest

1862 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

  • 1863 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1870 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • 1871 US income tax repealed
  • 1875 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881 Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882 France government of Gambetta falls
  • 1884 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 1887 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

Historic Event

1887 Ground is broken and construction begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France

Historic Event

1891 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

  • 1897 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army

Theater Premiere

1900 Henrik Ibsen's play "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" (When We Dead Awaken) premieres in Stuttgart

  • 1905 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

World's Largest Diamond Discovered

1905 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa

  • 1907 1st US federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1907 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1907 John Millington Synge's "Playboy of Western World" opens in Dublin; play claimed as immoral and causes riots
  • 1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III rifle officially introduced into British Military Service, 2nd oldest military rifle still in official use
  • 1910 Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
  • 1911 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
  • 1914 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • 1914 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • 1915 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established

Historic Event

1918 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

  • 1920 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • 1920 American Henry Leland's military engine manufacturing company, the Lincoln Motor Company reorganizes as an automobile manufacturer; he sells the struggling company to the Ford Motor Company in 1922yer
  • 1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence
  • 1930 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • 1931 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • 1932 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
  • 1934 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • 1939 Federal Hall National Monument established
  • 1939 Filming begins on film adaptation of "Gone With The Wind"

Victory in Battle

1939 Francisco Franco's troops conquer Barcelona

  • 1940 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
  • 1942 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland

Historic Event

1942 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel

Historic Event

1945 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1947 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • 1949 Australia's Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 comes into force granting Australian citizenship and nationality to all people born or naturalised in Australia including First Nations people

Historic Event

1950 Constitution of independent India comes into effect; Rajendra Prasad elected India's first president

  • 1952 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1956 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • 1957 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1957 India annexes Kashmir

Historic Event

1958 H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

  • 1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
  • 1959 Italy government of Fanfani resigns

Historic Event

1961 1st woman personal physician to a US President - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)

  • 1962 Canadian Marine Service renamed Coast Guard
  • 1962 US launches Ranger 3, misses Moon by 22,000-mi (37,000-km)
  • 1965 South Vietnam military coup under general Nguyen Khanh
  • 1966 The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
  • 1967 Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1968 Israeli submarine Dakar sinks in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die
  • 1969 Minister of Health and Social Services William Morgan resigns from the Northern Ireland government
  • 1969 Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague
  • 1970 "Bridge over Troubled Water" 5th and final studio album by Simon & Garfunkel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year, Best Engineered Non-Classical Album 1971)
  • 1970 Pendleton, Ford & Cryer's "Last Sweet Days of Isaac," premieres in NYC
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1972 Aboriginal Tent Embassy protest for land rights begins on the lawn of Parliament House, Canberra, Australia. Longest continuous protest for indigenous rights in the world.
  • 1972 Serbian air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives 10,160m fall without parachute - world's highest fall without a parachute
  • 1973 Belgium government of Leburton forms

Election of Interest

1974 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

Historic Event

1975 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

  • 1976 Belgium Catholic elite starts amnesty campaign for war criminals

Historic Event

1976 David Mamet's "American Buffalo" premieres in NYC

  • 1976 Israel opens "Good Fence" to Lebanon
  • 1978 Frank Herbert completes his novel "Destination: Void"
  • 1978 International Ultraviolet Explorer placed in Earth orbit

Historic Event

1978 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government

  • 1978 Strikers riot in Tunisia, killing about 40
  • 1980 Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations
  • 1980 Mary Decker became 1st woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes
  • 1981 Sandeep Patil scores memorable 174 v Australia at Adelaide Oval
  • 1982 For the first time since the 1930s, the unemployed population in UK rises above three million
  • 1982 Mauno Koivisto elected president of Finland
  • 1983 Dutch British infrared satellite IRAS launched from California
  • 1984 US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni's rebel army conquers Kampala, Uganda
  • 1988 Australian 200th anniversary parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbour
  • 1989 AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988
  • 1989 Madison Square Garden announces 2-year $100m renovation plan
  • 1989 Test debut of Mark Taylor, Australia v West Indies, Sydney
  • 1989 US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus
  • 1990 Annular eclipse visible over Antarctica & South Atlantic
  • 1991 Alfaro Vive guerrilla group of Ecuador gives arms to Catholic church
  • 1991 NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winners (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)
  • 1993 West Indies defeat Australia by one run in 4th Test at Adelaide
  • 1997 Brunswick World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by John Gant

Historic Event

1998 Intel launches 333 MHz Pentium II chip

'I Did Not Have Sexual Relations With That Woman'

1998 President Bill Clinton says "I want to say one thing to the American people; I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky"

  • 2001 An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
  • 2004 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
  • 2004 Mydoom, the most destructive computer worm (so far), first sighted on computers in North America. Goes on to cause $38 billion in damages.

Historic Event

2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan

Historic Event

2005 Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, the first African American woman to hold the post

  • 2005 Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.
  • 2006 Western Union discontinues its telegram service.
  • 2010 After 6 consecutive quarters of negative GDP growth, the UK economy officially finally comes out of recession with a GDP growth of 0.1%

Swine Flu Pandemic

2010 The World Health Organization rejects claims that it overstated the severity of the swine flu pandemic under pressure from vaccine companies

  • 2013 10 people are killed and 20 are injured by a suicide bombing in Kunduz, Afghanistan
  • 2013 30 people are killed during a violent protest in Port Said, Egypt
  • 2013 Miloš Zeman wins the Czech Republic’s presidential election
  • 2013 The United States Sentencing Commission is hacked by Anonymous in response to the suicide of Aaron Swartz
  • 2014 21 people are killed after a tourist boat capsizes off the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • 2015 Libby Lane is ordained as the first female bishop of the Church of England
  • 2016 Cold snap across East Asia leads to more than 50 deaths and 60,000 travellers stranded in South Korea
  • 2016 Leader of Oregon militia occupying Malheur wildlife refuge arrested and another killed in shoot-out with Federal agents
  • 2018 Residents left without heat in -27C in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan after boiler breaks in main power station
  • 2019 Five people shot and killed in domestic deputes in Louisiana, a 21- year old gunman arrested a day later
  • 2021 Antony Blinken confirmed by US Senate as Secretary of State
  • 2022 US Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer announces his retirement