On This Day

Events in History on January 26

  • 66 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1340 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1482 "Pentateuch" the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil
  • 1531 Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  • 1589 Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
  • 1654 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1666 France declares war on England & Munster
  • 1689 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1697 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1699 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1700 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • 1736 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne
  • 1748 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1st Governor of New South Wales Arthur Phillip
1st Governor of New South Wales
Arthur Phillip
  • 1789 John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church in the Bronx
  • 1797 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 1802 Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia
  • 1837 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1841 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 1850 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
  • 1857 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville delivers his design for a phonautograph, which created visual images of sound, to the French Academy
  • 1861 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

BattleBattle of Interest

1862 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1870 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • 1871 US income tax repealed
  • 1875 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881 Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882 France government of Gambetta falls
  • 1884 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 1887 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • 1900 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1905 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

  • 1905 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
  • 1907 1st US federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1907 John Millington Synge's "Playboy of Western World" opens in Dublin; play claimed as immoral and causes riots
  • 1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III rifle officially introduced into British Military Service, 2nd oldest military rifle still in official use
  • 1907 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1910 Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
  • 1911 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
  • 1914 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • 1914 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • 1915 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1920 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • 1920 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer
  • 1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence
  • 1930 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • 1931 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • 1932 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
  • 1934 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • 1939 Federal Hall National Monument established
  • 1939 Filming begins on film "Gone With the Wind"

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1939 Francisco Franco's troops conquer Barcelona

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1940 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
  • 1942 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1945 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1947 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • 1950 Constitution of independent India comes into effect, Rajendra Prasad elected India's first president
  • 1952 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1956 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • 1957 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1957 India annexes Kashmir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

Israeli Politician and General Moshe Dayan
Israeli Politician and General
Moshe Dayan
  • 1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
  • 1959 Italy government of Fanfani resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 1st woman personal physician to a US President - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Canadian Marine Service renamed Coast Guard
  • 1962 US launches Ranger 3, misses Moon by 22,000-mi (37,000-km)
  • 1965 South Vietnam military coup under general Nguyen Khanh
  • 1966 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2:06.2)
  • 1966 The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1967 Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned
  • 1968 Israeli submarine Dakar sinks in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die
  • 1969 Minister of Health and Social Services William Morgan resigns from the Northern Ireland government
  • 1969 Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague
  • 1970 Pendleton, Ford & Cryer's "Last Sweet Days of Isaac," premieres in NYC
  • 1970 "Bridge over Troubled Water" 5th and final studio album by Simon & Garfunkel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year, Best Engineered Non-Classical Album 1971)
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1972 Serbian air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives 10,160m fall without parachute - world's highest fall without a parachute
  • 1973 Belgium government of Leburton forms
  • 1974 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • 1976 Belgium Catholic elite starts amnesty campaign for war criminals
  • 1976 David Mamet's "American Buffalo" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Israel opens "Good Fence" to Lebanon
  • 1978 Frank Herbert completes his novel "Destination: Void"
  • 1978 International Ultraviolet Explorer placed in Earth orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1978 Strikers riot in Tunisia, killing about 40
  • 1980 Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations
  • 1980 Mary Decker became 1st woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes
  • 1981 Sandeep Patil scores memorable 174 v Australia at Adelaide Oval
  • 1982 Mauno Koivisto elected president of Finland
  • 1982 For the first time since the 1930s, the unemployed population in UK rises above three million
  • 1983 Dutch British infrared satellite IRAS launched from California
  • 1984 US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni's rebel army conquers Kampala, Uganda

  • 1988 Australian 200th anniversary parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbour
  • 1989 AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988
  • 1989 Madison Square Garden announces 2-year $100m renovation plan
  • 1989 Test debut of Mark Taylor, Australia v West Indies, Sydney
  • 1989 US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus
  • 1990 Annular eclipse visible over Antarctica & South Atlantic
  • 1991 Alfaro Vive guerrilla group of Ecuador gives arms to Catholic church
  • 1991 NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winners (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)
  • 1993 West Indies defeat Australia by one run in 4th Test at Adelaide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 NJ Governor Christine Whitman, dedicates a rest stop to Howard Stern

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1997 Brunswick World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by John Gant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Intel launches 333 MHz Pentium II chip

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 President Bill Clinton says "I want to say one thing to the American people; I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky"

White House Intern Monica Lewinsky
White House Intern
Monica Lewinsky
42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 2001 An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
  • 2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
  • 2004 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, the first African American woman to hold the post

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
US Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice
  • 2005 Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.
  • 2006 Western Union discontinues its telegram service.
  • 2010 After 6 consecutive quarters of negative GDP growth, the UK economy officially finally comes out of recession with a GDP growth of 0.1%

USASwine Flu Pandemic

2010 The World Health Organization rejects claims that it overstated the severity of the swine flu pandemic under pressure from vaccine companies
Learn More >>

President Barack Obama receives his flu jab during the 2009 swine flu pandemic
President Barack Obama receives his flu jab during the 2009 swine flu pandemic
  • 2013 30 people are killed during a violent protest in Port Said, Egypt
  • 2013 10 people are killed and 20 are injured by a suicide bombing in Kunduz, Afghanistan
  • 2013 The United States Sentencing Commission is hacked by Anonymous in response to the suicide of Aaron Swartz
  • 2013 Miloš Zeman wins the Czech Republic’s presidential election
  • 2014 21 people are killed after a tourist boat capsizes off the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • 2015 Libby Lane is ordained as the first female bishop of the Church of England
  • 2016 Cold snap across East Asia leads to more than 50 deaths and 60,000 travellers stranded in South Korea
  • 2016 Leader of Oregon militia occupying Malheur wildlife refuge arrested and another killed in shoot-out with Federal agents
  • 2018 Residents left without heat in -27C in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan after boiler breaks in main power station
  • 2019 Five people shot and killed in domestic deputes in Louisiana, a 21- year old gunman arrested a day later