Events in History on January 27

Roman Empire

98 Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.

  • 661 The 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, Ali ibn Abu Talib is struck on the head while praying at the Great Mosque of Kufa, Mesopotamia by a poison-coated sword wielded by Ibn Muljam a Kharijite, dies two days later
  • 672 St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 847 Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1142 Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei
  • 1302 Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
  • 1343 Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus
  • 1538 States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
  • 1556 Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Historic Event

1591 Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian burned for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh by order King James VI. Part of the Berwick witch trials.

  • 1593 Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
  • 1662 1st American lime kiln begins operation in Providence, Rhode Island

Pirate Attack

1671 Welsh pirate Henry Morgan lands at the gates of Panama City

Historic Event

1687 Charles Perrault's poem "The Age of Louis the Great" read out at the French Academy, part of the literary quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns

  • 1695 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.

Historic Event

1710 Tsar Peter the Great sets first Russian state budget

  • 1785 1st US state university chartered in Athens, Georgia

Russian Antarctic Expedition

1820 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica

  • 1823 President Monroe appoints first US ambassadors to South America

Trail of Tears

1825 US Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for the forced relocation of the Eastern Indian tribes via the "Trail of Tears"

  • 1853 US whaling and sealing vessel the Levant captained by Mercator Cooper, makes the first known landing on mainland Antarctica at Oates Coast, Victoria land
  • 1864 Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • 1864 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1870 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 1870 After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to the Union
  • 1870 Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated

Historic Invention

1880 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

  • 1886 First British government of Salisbury resigns
  • 1888 The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. for "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge"
  • 1891 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • 1894 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • 1896 Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • 1897 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1900 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • 1900 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
  • 1902 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • 1905 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
  • 1906 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • 1908 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • 1909 The Young Left is founded in Norway
  • 1914 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • 1915 US Marines occupy Haiti
  • 1916 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917 Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
  • 1918 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • 1918 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • 1924 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier

Historic Event

1924 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow

  • 1924 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill

Historic Publication

1926 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics

  • 1926 US Senate agrees to join World Court
  • 1933 Otto Meisnner (Head of the German President's Office) dines with British ambassador Sir Horace Rumbold
  • 1934 French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
  • 1934 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
  • 1939 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning
  • 1940 -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor

  • 1942 -19°F (-27.4°C) is the coldest day in the Netherlands since 1850
  • 1943 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)

Siege of Leningrad

1944 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

  • 1945 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)

Historic Event

1945 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland

  • 1945 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • 1948 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • 1948 1st tape recorder sold
  • 1949 Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
  • 1951 US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • 1958 Ferenc Munnich succeeds Kadar as premier of Hungary
  • 1963 Yevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
  • 1964 Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican President bid
  • 1965 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite
  • 1965 Groundbreaking for "Dragon Gateway" at Grant Avenue

Apollo 1 Fire

1967 A fire in the Apollo 1 Command Module kills astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger B. Chaffee during a launch rehearsal

  • 1967 Treaty signed banning military use of nuclear weapons in space
  • 1968 French submarine Minerve disappears in the Mediterranean with the loss of 52 crew
  • 1969 14 spies hanged in Baghdad
  • 1969 9 Jews publicly executed in Damascus, Syria
  • 1971 Montgomery St Station, last link in Bay Area Rapid Transit in San Francisco, 'holed thru'
  • 1971 The body of a man who had been shot dead is found in Belfast
  • 1972 The British Army and the Irish Republican Army engage in gun battles near County Armagh; British troops fire over 1,000 rounds of ammunition
  • 1972 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers shot dead by IRA in an attack on their patrol car in the Creggan Road, Derry
  • 1973 US & North Vietnam's William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft
  • 1973 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1973 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • 1976 9th ABA All-Star Game: Denver 144 beats ABA 138 at Denver
  • 1976 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara

Historic Event

1980 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

  • 1982 Mauno Koivisto installed as President of Finland
  • 1982 Roberto S. Cordova installed as President of Honduras
  • 1983 Seikan Tunnel, the world's longest tunnel with an underwater segment (53.90 km in total) opens connecting Honshu-Hokkaido. The Channel Tunnel remains the longest underwater tunnel.
  • 1985 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 returns to Earth
  • 1987 Midnight Rockers beat Buddy Rose & Doug Somers for AWA World Tag Team

Historic Event

1988 Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves nomination of Judge Anthony Kennedy to US Supreme Court

  • 1989 German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed
  • 1991 Dutch Pacifist Socialistic Party disbands
  • 1991 Nadine Strossen is 1st female president of the ACLU

Historic Event

1992 Presidential candidate Bill Clinton (D) & Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair

  • 1993 DC-3 crashes in Kinshasa, killing 12
  • 1994 Carlos Reina succeeds pres Callejas in Honduras
  • 1994 Romanian social democrats form government with anti-Semites
  • 1996 15 day old conjoined twins separated: Sarah Morales survives, Sarahi dies
  • 1996 Catherine Roskam becomes the 1st NY female Episcopal bishop
  • 1996 Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
  • 1996 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1996 Germany celebrates its 1st Holocaust Remembrance Day
  • 1996 Shiv Chanderpaul scores 303* for Guyana v Jamaica at Kingston
  • 1998 Crane crashes into Roosevelt Island tram (NYC), injuring 10
  • 1998 Roland Clarkson discovers 2^3021377-1 (37th known Mersenne prime)
  • 2013 11 people are killed and 32 are injured after a bus crashes down a ravine in Serta, Portugal
  • 2013 20 police officers have been killed in a series of bomb attacks in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • 2013 In Port Said, Egypt, protests result in 7 people being killed and 630 are injured

Historic Event

2017 Donald Trump issues executive order banning travel to the US for 7 mostly Muslim countries and suspending admission for refugees

  • 2018 Bomb in an ambulance kills over 100 people in Kabul, Taliban claim responsibility
  • 2019 Landslide kills 15 at a wedding party in a hotel in Abancay, Peru
  • 2019 Tornado strikes Havana, Cuba, killing three and injuring 172
  • 2019 Two bombs at a Roman Catholic cathedral on Jolo Island, southern, Philippines kills 20, Islamic State claims responsibility
  • 2020 Former king of Belgium, Albert II admits fathering a child after DNA tests confirm paternity

Historic Event

2022 US President Joe Biden pledges to nominate a Black woman to the Supreme Court