Events in History on January 29

  • 474 Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II (age 6 or 7)
  • 661 Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with the death of its leader, Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 904 Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher
  • 1258 Mongols defeated by Dai Viet at the battle of Dong Bo Dau
  • 1523 Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden
  • 1574 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1587 Deventer and Zutphen surrender to Spain

Scientific Discovery

1594 Mathematician John Napier dedicates his "Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. John" to King James VI, predicts end of the world in 1688 or 1700

Theater Premiere

1595 William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet" is thought to have been first performed. Officially published early 1597.

  • 1676 Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1732 Paris churchyard of Saint-Medard closed after Jansenistic ritual

Historic Event

1785 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

  • 1802 John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress
  • 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1834 President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

Treaty of Waitangi

1840 First Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi Captain William Hobson arrives in the Bay of Islands, NZ

Historic Publication

1845 American writer Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven" 1st published in The Evening Mirror newspaper (New York City)

  • 1848 Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)

Compromise of 1850

1850 Senator Henry Clay drafts the Compromise of 1850 to defuse tensions between slave states and free states over territories won during the Mexican–American War

  • 1856 Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
  • 1860 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1861 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • 1863 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • 1872 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina

Battle of Interest

1879 Custer Battlefield National Monument established in Montana

Historic Invention

1886 Karl Benz patents the "Benz Patent-Motorwagen" in Karlsruhe, Germany, the world's 1st automobile with a burning motor [1]

  • 1891 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • 1892 The Coca-Cola Company is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1895 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • 1896 American Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
  • 1903 Dutch railroad workers strike
  • 1904 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)

Historic Event

1905 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

Historic Event

1907 Republican Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the 1st Native American US Senator

  • 1908 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • 1912 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • 1913 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1916 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1917 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; killing 32 of her crew
  • 1918 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • 1921 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • 1922 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • 1923 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1924 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

Historic Event

1925 British Liberal Party chooses David Lloyd George as leader

  • 1927 4th German government of Marx forms
  • 1929 Seeing Eye Guide Dog organization forms in USA
  • 1932 Test debut of Bill O'Reilly, vs South Africa at Adelaide
  • 1941 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1942 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • 1942 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determination)
  • 1943 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • 1943 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • 1944 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • 1944 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy

Theater Premiere

1947 Arthur Miller's play "All My Sons" premieres in NYC

  • 1948 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1949 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand and Switzerland recognize Israel
  • 1951 Baseball signs 6 year All-Star pact for TV-radio rights for $6 million
  • 1956 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

1957 Graham Greene's "Potting Shed" premieres in NYC

  • 1958 Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming
  • 1959 Smog pollution with readings higher than the 1952 'Great Smog of London' hits London, with many suffering chest and lung-related illnesses
  • 1961 US female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
  • 1961 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
  • 1964 Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
  • 1966 Snow storm in north east US kills 165
  • 1966 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen
  • 1967 The Arusha Declaration written by Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere is issued, clarifying Tanzania's path towards Ujamaa (African socialism)
  • 1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) adopts constitution
  • 1969 Sheahan & Connolly hang on for exciting draw Australia v West Indies
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 Test debut of Dennis Keith Lillee, v England at Adelaide
  • 1972 5th ABA All-Star Game: East 142 beats West 115 at Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1973 International agreement to pay for and conserve 9th century Borobudur Temple in Indonesia, world's largest Buddhist temple (completed 1982). Beginnings of the World Heritage Convention. [1]
  • 1974 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • 1975 West Indies win fifth test against India to win an exciting series 3-2
  • 1976 Bombs set off in London's West End by the IRA; 1 person is injured
  • 1976 Zeiss planetarium in the Hague destroyed by fire
  • 1978 Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban
  • 1979 Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats "I Don't Like Mondays"

Historic Event

1979 Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, D.C.

  • 1979 Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

Historic Event

1979 US President Jimmy Carter commutes Patty Hearst's 7 year jail sentence to 2 years

  • 1980 6 Iranian-held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

Historic Event

1984 President Reagan formally announces he will seek a 2nd term

Historic Event

1985 Oxford University refuses to award Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree

  • 1986 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni sworn in as President of Uganda
  • 1987 The president of the Philippines puts down a rebellion against their government in Manila

Historic Event

1987 William J. Casey term as 13th director of the CIA ends

  • 1988 Canadian Ben Johnson breaks own 50-yard dash world record at 5.15
  • 1988 Detroit's Kirk Gibson signs a 3-year contract with Dodgers
  • 1988 United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s
  • 1989 Cleveland's Chris Dudley misses 5 free throws during 1 foul attempt
  • 1989 Dow jumps 38.06 recoups 508-pt loss since Oct 1987; index at 2,256.43
  • 1989 Episcopal Church of the United States, Diocese of Massachusetts elects Barbara Harris as its first female bishop
  • 1989 L I preacher Gene Profeta pleads guilty to tax-evasion
  • 1989 Orlando Arena opens in Orlando, Florida
  • 1989 USSR's Phobos II enters Martian orbit
  • 1990 Exxon Valdez capt Joseph Hazelwood goes on trial due to oil spill

Historic Event

1991 Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi meet after 28 years

  • 1991 The Battle of Khafji begins, the first major ground engagement of the Gulf War
  • 1993 Test debut of Vinod Kambli, prolific Indian batsman

Historic Event

1993 US postal service issues a stamp commemorating chemist Percy Lavon Julian

  • 1995 Greg Blewett scores century on Test debut vs England, Adelaide

Historic Event

1996 France will no longer test nuclear weapons, its president Jacques Chirac says, following international outcry over tests in the Pacific

  • 1998 Soyuz TM-27 launches to MIR
  • 1998 Thick Fog causes highway carnage in Belgium and Netherlands, 6 die
  • 1998 Woman's Clinic in Birmingham, Alabama bombed, 1 killed
  • 2001 Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals

Historic Event

2002 US President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address describes "regimes that sponsor terror" an "Axis of Evil", which includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea

  • 2003 Sally Clark cleared of murdering her 2 sons after more than 3 years of prison in what was a life sentence
  • 2005 The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrives in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier lands in Beijing.
  • 2009 Rod Blagojevich, Governor of Illinois, is removed from office after being convicted of corruption charges
  • 2014 Archaeologists discover the oldest Roman Temple (6th C BC) at Sant’Omobono
  • 2014 Bohuslav Sobotka becomes Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
  • 2014 Scientists discover how to convert normal cells into stem cells in mice

Flight MH370 Disappears

2015 Malaysia officially declares the disappearance of missing flight MH370 an accident

  • 2017 Attack on mosque in Quebec kills 6 and injures 17, shooter is French Canadian student
  • 2018 F.B.I deputy director Andrew G. McCabe steps down from office
  • 2018 Toronto police arrest landscaper Bruce McArthur for murder after remains of at least 5 people found in potted plants
  • 2019 "Empire" star Jussie Smollett suffers suspected racist and homophobic attack in Chicago; later determined to be a self-perpetrated hoax
  • 2019 Approaching polar vortex prompts state of emergency to be declared in Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Alabama and Mississippi
  • 2019 Norwegian government proposes building a floating road tunnel as part of a new roadway between Kristiansand and Trondheim [1]
  • 2019 Tehran, Iran bans dog walking in public, and driving with dogs
  • 2019 Toronto landscaper Bruce McArthur admits in court to the murder of eight gay men
  • 2019 US Postal Service suspends deliveries to ten states due to severity of the polar vortex
  • 2020 Number of COVID-19 cases passes those of SARS with over 7,700 cases in China confirmed, with 170 deaths
  • 2021 "Proposal to Prevent the Feminisation of Male Adolescents" published by China's Education Ministry asks schools to use sports to cultivate masculinity [1]
  • 2021 Johnson & Johnson's Janssen single-dose vaccine shown to be 66% effective in trials, with complete protection against hospitalization and death [1]
  • 2021 Nigerian farmers win landmark case against Shell at Court of Appeal of the Hague - held accountable for oil spills and ordered to carry out a clean-up in Delta region [1]
  • 2021 Novavax vaccine shows 89% efficacy in UK trials, including against UK variant [1]