Events in History on January 3

  • 236 Reign of St Anterus as Catholic Pope ends with his death after only 40 days
  • 269 St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 936 Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
  • 1338 Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent
  • 1407 Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht

Historic Event

1431 Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon

Historic Event

1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine

Martin Luther Excommunicated

1521 Martin Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church for failing to recant parts of his Ninety-five Theses which started the Protestant Reformation

  • 1638 Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • 1638 Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • 1653 The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India
  • 1667 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland

Historic Event

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army leaves Glasgow, Scotland [NS=Jan 14]

  • 1749 Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1750 Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
  • 1752 East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed

Victory in Battle

1777 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey

  • 1815 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia

Historic Event

1823 Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

  • 1825 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 1831 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 1833 Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
  • 1834 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
  • 1840 1st deep sea sounding by James Clark Ross in south Atlantic at 2425 fathoms (14,450 feet)

Historic Event

1842 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

  • 1848 Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1852 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1853 Solomon Northup, author of the memoir "Twelve Years a Slave, is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
  • 1861 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 1861 US state of Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy

Romney Campaign

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester, Virginia

  • 1868 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors

Brooklyn Bridge Opens

1870 Construction begins on New York's Brooklyn Bridge; completed May 24, 1883

  • 1871 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • 1872 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 1885 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • 1888 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • 1889 Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood

Historic Event

1889 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche suffers a mental breakdown after supposedly witnessing a horse flogging

  • 1890 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • 1896 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid
  • 1899 1st known use of the word "automobile", appears in an editorial in The New York Times

Theater Premiere

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

  • 1902 Due to a bad pitch Australian batsman Reggie Duff is held back to No. 10 on Test debut v England at MCG; scores 104
  • 1910 British miners strike for 8 hour working day
  • 1911 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • 1911 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1911 US postal savings bank inaugurated

Liberty Bell

1912 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free

  • 1918 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor

Historic Event

1919 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

  • 1919 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1921 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • 1922 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar

Historic Event

1925 Benito Mussolini dissolves the Italian parliament and proclaims himself dictator of Italy, taking the title "Il Duce" (the Leader)

  • 1926 Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
  • 1932 Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
  • 1933 Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1939 Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
  • 1940 WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV
  • 1941 American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players
  • 1941 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • 1941 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1942 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • 1943 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • 1943 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

Battle of Interest

1944 World War II: Top Ace Major Pappy Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Japanese Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero

  • 1945 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Historic Event

1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits France

  • 1945 Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • 1945 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • 1945 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • 1945 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Historic Event

1946 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

  • 1949 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • 1949 US Representative William Dawson becomes 1st Black to head congressional committee - Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments (now known as Committee on Oversight and Reform)
  • 1951 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • 1953 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1955 Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
  • 1956 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957 1st electric watch, the Hamilton Electric 500, introduced by the Hamilton Watch Company in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 The West Indies Federation is formed, made up of former British Caribbean territories, with the capital Port of Spain
  • 1959 Alaska admitted as 49th US state

Election of Interest

1961 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected Chairman of US House Education and Labor Committee

  • 1961 An explosion at the Nuclear Reactor Testing Station in Idaho Falls kills three operators
  • 1961 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • 1962 Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome, a multi-purpose domed stadium, in Houston, Texas
  • 1966 Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE
  • 1967 "The Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes
  • 1967 Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion
  • 1969 Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr seated by Congress
  • 1970 Marxist government takes over in Congo
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb in Callender Street, Belfast, injuring over 60 people
  • 1974 Arias Navarro succeeds Carrero Blanco as Premier of Spain
  • 1974 Burma accepts its constitution
  • 1974 Gold hits record $121.25 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Miguel Pinero's "Short Eyes," premieres in NYC
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 "The Police Tapes" premiere on New York City TV station WNET, based somewhat on 1960s NYPD officers who worked in its South Bronx
  • 1977 Former Home Secretary Roy Jenkins announces his intention to be Britain's first President of the European Commission
  • 1980 Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan
  • 1980 Gold hits record $634 an ounce
  • 1984 Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson
  • 1985 Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews

Historic Event

1985 Mitch McConnell becomes Senator of Kentucky

  • 1988 Israel orders 9 Palestinian "instigators" deported from W Beirut

Historic Event

1988 Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century

  • 1989 Russian newspaper Izvestia gets its 1st commercial advertisement

Historic Event

1990 Panama's leader General Manuel Noriega surrenders to US authorities

  • 1991 8 Iraqi embassy officials are expelled from the UK
  • 1991 Israel reopens consulate in USSR after 23 years
  • 1992 32 Cubans defect to the US via helicopter

Treaty of Interest

1993 In Moscow, the Start II arms reduction treaty is signed by George H. W. Bush (USA) and Boris Yeltsin (Russia)

  • 1993 Michael Milkin, the "junk bond king", is released from jail after 22 months
  • 1994 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt
  • 1994 35-foot-tall Chief Wahoo, trademark of Indians on top of Stadium since 1962, is taken down, to be moved to Jacob's Field

Historic Event

1994 Restoration of South African citizenship, announced on 15 December 1993 by the South African parliament led by President F. W. de Klerk, becomes effective four months before the first South Africa non-racial polls of 27 April, 1994

  • 1994 Tupolev-154M crashes at Irkutsk, Siberia: 122 killed
  • 1996 1st clamshell flip mobile phone, the Motorola StarTAC, goes on sale. Eventually 60 million are sold.
  • 1997 The People's Republic of China announces it will spend $US27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys
  • 1999 Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 1999 NASA's Mars Polar Lander launched, mission later fails after communication lost trying to land on Mars (Dec 3 1999)
  • 2002 The Palestinian freighter Karine A is seized by Israeli forces in the Red Sea
  • 2004 Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.
  • 2007 National Express has its worst ever coach crash just outside Heathrow Airport.
  • 2009 Israeli ground forces invade Gaza.
  • 2009 The Bitcoin network is created as the first block of the digital currency is mined by a person or group of people using the name Satoshi Nakamoto
  • 2013 27 Shiite pilgrims are killed and 60 are injured by a suicide bombing in Musayyib, Iraq
  • 2014 Cambodian garment workers go on strike demanding a wage increase
  • 2014 Tommy Lynn Sells is executed at Texas State Penitentiary, Huntsville, for the murder of nine-year-old Mary Perez, thought to have committed 21 more murders
  • 2015 18 people are killed after the Norwegian cargo ship MS Bulk Jupiter sinks off the coast of Vietnam
  • 2015 Over 2,000 people are killed in north-east Nigeria after Boko Haram militants raze the town of Baga
  • 2018 First bionic hand with a sense of touch, for use outside a lab unveiled in Rome
  • 2018 Landslide and flooding caused by heavy rains in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, kills at least 37

Historic Publication

2018 Lawyers of US President Donald Trump try to stop the publication of book on Trump's administration "Fire and Fury" by Michael Wolff

  • 2018 Previously unknown ancient Beringians group of people unearthed in Alaska, earliest known Native Americans at 11,500 years old
  • 2018 Security expert reveal two security flaws, Meltdown and Spectre which affect most microprocessors

Election of Interest

2019 116th US Congress convenes in Washington, D.C., electing Nancy Pelosi Speaker of the House of Representatives for the second time

  • 2019 Archaeologists in Mexico announce discovery of pre-Aztec temple to god Xipe Tótec in Puebla state (dated 900-1150 AD)
  • 2019 Chinese Chang'e-4 spacecraft becomes the first ever to touch down on the far side of the Moon
  • 2020 US drone strike kills top Iranian security and intelligence commander, Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani outside Baghdad airport in Iraq
  • 2022 America records one million new COVID-19 cases for the first time, Omicron accounting for an estimated 95% of these [1]
  • 2022 Apple becomes the first US company to be worth $3 trillion in value, after tripling its price in under four years [1]

Historic Event

2022 Elizabeth Holmes, founder of blood-testing start-up Theranos is found guilty on four counts of fraud in San Jose, California [1]

  • 2023 England's Michael Smith hits a nine-dart finish on the way to his first PDC world darts title, beating Dutchman Michael van Gerwen, 7-4 at the Alexandra Palace, London