Events in History on January 30

  • 1018 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen

Historic Event

1164 English King Henry II passes the Constitutions of Clarendon, attempting to restrict power of the papal clergy in England - only Thomas Beckett objects, the beginning of their quarrel

  • 1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
  • 1349 Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hungarian king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
  • 1487 Bell chimes invented
  • 1522 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1607 Massive flooding in England destroys around 200 square miles of coastline and results in approximately 2,000 casualties

Meeting of Interest

1615 Japanese Keichō embassy, the first to travel to Europe, headed by Hasekura Tsunenaga meets with Spanish King Philip III in Madrid

Historic Event

1647 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000

  • 1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War


1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

  • 1667 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty

Historic Event

1774 Captain James Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

  • 1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

Election of Interest

1791 Comte de Mirabeau is elected President of the French National Assembly

  • 1797 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • 1798 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument

Historic Event

1800 Pope Pius VI's embalmed remains are finally buried five months after his death in Valance, France

  • 1800 US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1806 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Historic Event

1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

Historic Event

1818 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

  • 1820 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica, claiming it for Britain
  • 1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

Assassination Attempt

1835 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

  • 1841 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1847 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 1854 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1862 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched

Historic Publication

1873 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

  • 1877 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • 1883 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria

Lovesick Prince in Suicide Pact

1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling in an apparent suicide pact

  • 1889 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • 1892 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
  • 1892 Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
  • 1894 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • 1895 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • 1895 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • 1895 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • 1902 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1907 Korean National Debt Redemption Movement started by Seo Sang-dong of Daegu, attempt by the Korean public to repay debt to Japan to avoid further colonization [1]
  • 1911 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • 1911 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • 1913 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • 1915 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • 1921 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • 1922 World Law Day 1st celebrated
  • 1924 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • 1925 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1927 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • 1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

Historic Event

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC

  • 1930 Russia launches their 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver- from Pavlovsk, USSR.
  • 1932 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval

Historic Event

1933 After Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, his former WWI colleague General Erich Ludendorff sends a letter to him stating "this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery"

  • 1933 Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
  • 1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • 1934 Adolf Hitler's proclamation on German unified states

Meeting of Interest

1935 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • 1939 Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939 Heavy aftershocks destroy some of Chile
  • 1940 Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
  • 1940 Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
  • 1941 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • 1943 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight

Nazi General Friedrich Paulus Surrenders

1943 Adolf Hitler promotes Friedrich Paulus, commander of the 6th Army, to Field Marshal in the hope that he will not surrender

  • 1943 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • 1943 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • 1943 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • 1944 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1945 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • 1945 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • 1946 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime


1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

  • 1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1952 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • 1952 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • 1954 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
  • 1954 Fanfani government of Italy resigns

Historic Event

1956 Home of Martin Luther King Jr. is bombed

Historic Event

1957 US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine"

  • 1958 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx
  • 1958 Dore Schary's "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 UK House of Lords passes bill allowing women to take seats
  • 1959 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • 1959 Danish ocean liner MS Hans Hedtoft sinks on maiden voyage after striking an iceberg off the coast of Greenland;, 95 die
  • 1960 African National Party is founded in Chad
  • 1960 CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)
  • 1960 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
  • 1960 Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
  • 1960 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • 1960 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

Historic Event

1961 JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps

  • 1962 2 members of Flying Wallendas' high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit
  • 1962 Laughter epidemic begins at a girls' mission school in Kashasha, Tanganyika, goes on to affect 14 schools and over 1000 people

Historic Event

1962 UN General Assembly censures Portugal over Angola

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1963 Ivan Sutherland submits a thesis containing his Sketchpad program, a forerunner to modern-day graphic user interfaces and computer-aided design programs

  • 1964 Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam
  • 1964 Ranger 6 launched; makes perfect flight to Moon, but cameras fail

Funeral of Winston Churchill

1965 State funeral for Winston Churchill at St Paul's Cathedral in London; at the time, the world's largest ever state funeral

  • 1966 -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)
  • 1966 -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)
  • 1968 Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, "Honey"
  • 1968 Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese launch the Tet offensive against South Vietnames and US forces
  • 1969 US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere
  • 1972 Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during 'the Troubles'
  • 1972 Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations
  • 1973 Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts of conspiracy, burglary, and illegal wiretapping
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Invention

1975 Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention, later to be known as a Rubik's cube

  • 1976 1st-class debut of Dav Whatmore, in Johannesburg
  • 1976 George H. W. Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)
  • 1976 William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA
  • 1977 8th (final) part of "Roots" is most-watched US entertainment show ever (100 million)
  • 1977 Edward W Stack replaces Paul Kerr president of Hall of Fame
  • 1979 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979 Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.

Historic Event

1980 Edward Albee's "Lady from Dubuque" premieres in NYC

  • 1982 Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
  • 1982 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
  • 1989 Five Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor
  • 1989 Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter
  • 1989 Olympian Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident
  • 1989 The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
  • 1991 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border

Historic Publication

1992 Inventor Ray Kurzweil publishes his first book "The Age of Intelligent Machines" on artificial intelligence, predicting the popularity of the internet

  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) lands
  • 1993 100,000 Europeans demonstrate against fascism & racism
  • 1995 Car bomb explodes in Algiers, killing 42 and wounding 296
  • 1995 Norway's Statoil announces a newly formed consortium that will supply Norwegian natural gas to the European continent
  • 1995 Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
  • 1996 Commander of the U.S. Fifth Fleet Scott Redd states that Iran test-fired a new anti-ship missile near the Strait of Hormuz
  • 1996 Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
  • 1997 Minuteman III launches
  • 1998 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Indianapolis IN on WNAP 93.1 FM
  • 2000 Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
  • 2003 Belgium legally recognizes same-sex marriage.
  • 2003 Richard Reid sentenced to life in prison for attempting to bomb an American Airlines flight with 197 on board
  • 2005 Denmark's Queen Margrethe unveils monument at North Atlantic Wharf, Copenhagen, to the 95 people lost on MS Hans Hedtoft
  • 2013 South Korea successfully launches its rocket Naro-1 which was carrying a scientific satellite
  • 2014 24 hostages are killed after 6 suicide bombers temporarily take over the Iraqi Ministry of Transportation in Baghdad

Historic Event

2015 Shake Shack founded by Danny Meyer first lists on the New York stock exchange

  • 2016 Boko Haram militants on motorcycles attack Dalori village near Maiduguri, Nigeria, killing at least 65 and injuring 136
  • 2017 Scientists in central China reveal oldest known human ancestor - 540-million-year-old Saccorhytus in a fossil
  • 2019 Continuous 24 hr church mass lasting 97 days to prevent deportation of Armenian asylum seekers ends after Dutch authorities reconsider at Protestant Bethel Church in The Hague
  • 2019 Peter Paul Rubens’s 1608 drawing "Nude Study of Young Man with Raised Arms" sells for $8.2 million at auction in New York
  • 2019 Russian Senator Rauf Arashukov arrested within parliament on two murder charges
  • 2019 Scientists reveal discovery of cavity six miles long, 1,000 feet deep under Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica, leading to fears it might collapse and raise sea levels by two feet
  • 2020 The World Health Organization declares COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern at a meeting in Geneva
  • 2022 Kurdish-led militia and American forces regain control of Sinaa prison in Hasaka, Syria, after a week-log assault by ISIS fighters, with the loss of 500 lives [1]
  • 2022 Portugal's ruling Socialist party headed by Prime Minister António Costwin wins an unexpected outright majority in country's snap election