On This Day

Events in History on January 4

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

46 BC Julius Caesar defeats Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 274 St Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 871 Battle at Reading: Ethelred of Wessex defeated by Danish invasion army
  • 1357 Flemish earl Louis & Luxembourg Duke Wenceslaus sign peace treaty
  • 1490 Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.
  • 1519 -6] 1st Altenburger sermon (Luther & Karl von Miltitz)
  • 1570 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1642 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1698 Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire
  • 1717 Netherlands, Great Britain & France sign Triple Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1725 Benjamin Franklin arrives in London [OS=Dec 24 1724]

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1754 Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)
  • 1762 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 Snowstorm hits George Washington's army at Morristown, New Jersey

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1781 Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
  • 1832 Insurrection of Trinidad negroes

  • 1843 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1847 Manuscripts of Emily Brontë's "Wuthering Heights" and Anne Brontë's "Agnes Grey" sent to publisher T.C. Newby (published December 1847)

  • 1853 Solomon Northup, author of the memoir "Twelve Years a Slave", regains his freedom
  • 1854 The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang
  • 1861 US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1863 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • 1863 The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • 1865 New York Stock Exchange opens its 1st permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad St, near Wall Street in New York City
  • 1868 Wilkie Collins' "The Moonstone" is first serialized in "All the Year Round" owned by Charles Dickins
  • 1878 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • 1881 Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres in Breslau
  • 1884 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • 1884 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1885 Dr William Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy in America on Mary Gartside, aged 22
  • 1893 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • 1894 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • 1896 Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
  • 1898 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life & Letters" appears

  • 1902 The French Panama Canal Company offers to sell its right to build a canal to the US for 40 million, tipping the balance away from those favoring a canal through Nicaragua
  • 1904 In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted
  • 1906 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 George Bernard Shaw's "Don Juan in Hell" premieres in London

  • 1912 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • 1912 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • 1915 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • 1915 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 1921 Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US "Every day in every way I am getting better & better"
  • 1926 Theodoros Pangalos resigns as Greek dictator

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1932 State of siege proclaimed in Honduras

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of "The Intimate Revue"

Entertainer Bob Hope
Bob Hope
  • 1935 Ft Jefferson National Monument, Florida established
  • 1936 Grimmett becomes world record wicket taker with no 190 v South Africa
  • 1939 Frieda Wunderlich elected 1st woman dean of a US graduate school

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
  • 1942 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida
  • 1942 Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1944 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • 1945 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • 1945 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Emilio G. Segrè and Carlo Perrier announce technetium, a previously unknown element and the first artificially synthesized chemical element

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1948 Burma declares independence from UK
  • 1951 Korean War: Chinese forces recapture Seoul
  • 1958 Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere & burns up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 NZ team led by Edmund Hillary reaches the South Pole, the 1st to reach the Pole overland using motor vehicles and the 1st since Amundsen in 1911 and Scott in 1912

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1959 Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
  • 1960 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
  • 1961 Longest recorded strike ends as the Danish barbers' assistants end a 33 year strike
  • 1962 1st automated (unmanned) subway train in New York City
  • 1963 Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ's "Great Society" State of the Union Address

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Doug Walters scores second Test century in his second Test
  • 1966 Military coup in Upper Volta leads to a new national constitution
  • 1967 English land and boat racer Donald Campbell is killed while driving jet-powered boat Bluebird K7 on Coniston Water in England trying to beat his own water speed record
  • 1968 Duck hunter accidentally shoots endangered whooping crane in Texas
  • 1969 France begins arms embargo against Israel
  • 1969 A People's Democracy march between Belfast and Derry is repeatedly attacked by loyalists and off-duty police officers
  • 1970 NYC transit fare rises from 20 cents to 30 cents, new larger tokens used

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Walter Cronkite ends hosting weekly documentary

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 1970 More than 15,000 people are killed in Tonghai County, China after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1971 Dr Melvin H Evans inaugurated as 1st elected governor of Virgin Is
  • 1971 Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to relatives of Kent State victims
  • 1971 Philadelphia's Veteran's Stadium dedicated
  • 1972 Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.
  • 1974 Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee
  • 1975 Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)
  • 1975 Ice thickness measured at 4776 m, Wilkes Land, Antarctica
  • 1976 "Home Sweet Homer" opens & closes at Palace Theater NYC
  • 1976 The Ulster Volunteer Force shoot dead 6 Catholic civilians in 2 coordinated attacks in County Armagh, North Ireland

  • 1981 "Frankenstein" opens & closes on Broadway
  • 1981 British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, the "Yorkshire Ripper"
  • 1981 "Red Right 88", trailing 14–12 Clevelands Browns attempt an end zone pass play (Red Right 88) and a game-winning field goal in the final minute, but pass intercepted by Raiders safety Mike Davis and Oakland wins
  • 1982 Chris Wallace becomes co-anchor of the Today Show
  • 1982 Golden Gate Bridge closed for 3rd time by fierce storm
  • 1983 US Football League holds its 1st player draft
  • 1986 David Boon's second Test century, 131 v India at Adelaide
  • 1987 16 die in a train crash in Chase Md
  • 1989 Comet Tempel 1 at perihelion
  • 1989 US F-14s shoot down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 George H. W. Bush is 1st Vice President since Martin Van Buren to declare himself President of the United States

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1990 307 dead and 700 injured after overloaded passenger train collides with empty freight train in Pakistan
  • 1991 AT&T workers in Newark accidentally snap a cable
  • 1991 Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th
  • 1991 Jan Krzystof Bielecki becomes premier of Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Newt Gingrich (R) becomes speaker of the US House of Representatives

US Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
US Speaker of the House
Newt Gingrich
  • 1998 Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria: over 170 are killed in three remote villages.
  • 1998 A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.
  • 1999 Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as Governor of Minnesota
  • 1999 Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
  • 2000 After 2 months, Catherine Hartley and Fiona Thornewill, reach the South Poll, the same day as Edmund Hillary 48 years before
  • 2000 19 are killed after two trains collide in Asta, Norway
  • 2004 Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
  • 2004 Mikheil Saakashvili is elected President of Georgia
  • 2006 Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke. His authority is transferred to acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2007 The 110th United States Congress convenes and elects Nancy Pelosi as the 1st female Speaker of the House

US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
US Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi
  • 2010 The Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention removed HIV infection from its list of communicable diseases of public health significance.
  • 2010 The Burj Khalifa, world's tallest building at 829.8 m (2,722 ft), officially opens in Dubai
  • 2013 9 people are killed by a car bomb in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 8 people are killed by a gunman in Kawit, the Philippines
  • 2013 6 people are killed a 2 are seriously injured after a snowmobile veers off a ski slope on Mt Cermis, Italy
  • 2013 3 people are killed after a Beechcraft BE35 crashes into a house in Florida
  • 2014 14 people are killed after a three-story building construction site collapses in Goa, India
  • 2016 Colombo's Gemology Institute certifies world's largest ever blue star sapphire at 1404.49 carats, found in a Sri Lankan mine in August 2015
  • 2018 Truck hits a train near Kroonstad city, South Africa killing 19 passengers
  • 2018 'Bomb Cyclone' hits US Northeast prompting flooding and snow in New York subway system
  • 2019 Thailand's worst storm in 30 years, Tropical Storm Pabuk makes landfall on country's east coast
  • 2020 Australian bushfires death toll reaches 23 as PM Scott Morrison announces national defense force will be employed to help fight the more than 200 fires, amid criticism of his leadership
  • 2020 Floods and landslides caused by torrential rain in Jakarta, Indonesia, kill at least 53