On This Day

Events in History on January 5

  • 1349 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1438 Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463 French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris
  • 1477 Battle of Nancy, Burgundy vs Switzerland, 7,000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Duke Ludovico Sforza's troops reconquer Milan

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1527 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)
  • 1554 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1593 William Louis of Nassau becomes governor/viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1675 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • 1709 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.
  • 1717 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1757 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776 Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold

  • 1800 1st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service in Baltimore
  • 1804 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1822 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 1828 1st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Davy Crockett
  • 1840 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841 James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1846 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1850 California Exchange opens
  • 1854 Steamship San Francisco wrecked off US eastern seaboard, 300 die
  • 1859 1st steamboat sails, Red River
  • 1861 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1875 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1886 "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" by Robert Louis Stevenson published by Longmans, Green & Co.

  • 1887 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University
  • 1888 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • 1892 1st successful auroral photograph made

  • 1895 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • 1895 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days
  • 1895 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

InventionScientific Discovery

1896 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1900 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule
  • 1903 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • 1904 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1904 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1904 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68
  • 1905 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • 1905 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • 1909 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • 1911 Portuguese expel Jesuits
  • 1911 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • 1912 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • 1912 The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • 1914 Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Industrialist Henry Ford announces his $5 minimum per-day wage, doubled most workers pay

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1916 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1918 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • 1919 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1925 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • 1925 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • 1929 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire"

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1930 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1933 Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, starting on the Marin County side
  • 1934 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • 1937 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • 1940 FCC hears 1st transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal
  • 1940 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1941 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1942 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • 1943 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • 1943 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • 1944 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 1945 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • 1949 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Carson McCuller's "Member of the Wedding" premieres in NYC
  • 1952 Flying Enterprise sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1953 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV
  • 1963 San Diego beats Boston 51-10 in AFL championship game

BeatificationPapal Visit

1964 Pope Paul VI visits Jordan & Israel

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1969 Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman & Karl Shapiro
  • 1969 Neville Williams' "Chronology of the Expanding World" completed
  • 1969 USSR Venera 5 launched for 1st successful planet landing (Venus)

  • 1970 23,000 Belgian mine workers strike
  • 1971 1st one-day international, Australia v England at the MCG
  • 1972 Largest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Lakers-11,178)
  • 1972 NYC transit fare rises from 30 cents to 35 cents
  • 1972 US President Nixon signs a bill for NASA to begin research on a manned space shuttle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed by the newly elected President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1973 Mali & Niger break diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes German DR
  • 1974 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1975 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • 1975 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • 1976 "MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premieres on PBS
  • 1976 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • 1976 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia at SCG against West Indies
  • 1976 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh
  • 1978 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time
  • 1981 British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women
  • 1982 Arkansas judge rules against obligatory teaching of creation
  • 1984 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia in his last Test innings
  • 1985 Discovery moves to launch pad for STS 51-C mission
  • 1985 Thousands of Jewish refugees are airlifted from Sudan to Israel
  • 1987 Surrogate Baby M case begins in Hackensack, New Jersey
  • 1991 Edwin Jongejans of Netherlands wins 1-metre springboard diving title
  • 1993 Oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil
  • 1993 Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (first legal hanging in America since 1965)
  • 1995 Lockheed C-140 Jetstar crashes at Isfahan, Iran, killing 18
  • 1996 Muralitharan no-balled for throwing in ODI v WI at the Gabba
  • 1996 Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone.
  • 1998 Ice storm knocks out electricity in Quebec & Ontario
  • 1998 Vandals decapitate Copenhagen's Little Mermaid
  • 2001 A report reveals that former General Practioner Harold Shipman has potentially killed hundreds of patients
  • 2005 Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
  • 2018 North Korea accepts South Korean invitation for high-level talks
  • 2018 Kitwe in Zambia bans shaking hands and the sale of fresh food in attempt to prevent a cholera outbreak
  • 2018 "Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House" by Michael Wolff is published by Henry Holt and Company
  • 2019 Orthodox Church of Ukraine granted independence from the Russian Orthodox Church by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew
  • 2019 Chinese government report predicts China's population will peak at 1.44 billion in 2029 before declining