Events in History on January 5

  • 1349 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1438 Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463 French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris

Battle of Nancy

1477 Battle of Nancy: Swiss Confederacy led by René II decisively defeats the Duchy of Burgundy, 7,000+ killed including the Duke of Burgundy Charles the Bold

Victory in Battle

1500 Duke Ludovico Sforza's troops reconquer Milan

  • 1527 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)
  • 1554 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1593 William Louis of Nassau becomes governor/viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1675 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg

Great Frost of 1709

1709 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.

  • 1717 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1757 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776 Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

British Burn Richmond

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

  • 1800 1st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service in Baltimore
  • 1804 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1822 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 1828 1st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Texas Revolution

1836 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

  • 1840 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841 James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1846 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1850 California Exchange opens
  • 1854 Steamship San Francisco wrecked off US eastern seaboard, 300 die
  • 1861 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1875 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

1886 "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" by Robert Louis Stevenson published by Longmans, Green & Co.

  • 1887 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University
  • 1888 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • 1892 1st successful auroral photograph made

Dreyfus Affair

1895 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

  • 1895 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London

Discovery of X-rays

1896 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

  • 1900 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule
  • 1903 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • 1904 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1904 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1904 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68
  • 1905 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • 1905 Incorporation of the National Association of Audubon Society, a nonprofit environmental organization dedicated to conservation
  • 1909 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • 1911 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • 1912 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • 1912 The Prague Party Conference takes place.

Ford's $5 Day

1914 Industrialist Henry Ford announces his $5 minimum per-day wage, doubling most workers pay from $2.40 for a 9hr day to $5 for an 8hr day

  • 1916 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1918 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • 1919 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1925 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Nellie Tayloe Ross sworn in as Governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • 1925 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • 1929 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia

Bonnie and Clyde

1930 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house

A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire

1930 Mao Zedong writes the essay "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire" to criticize cadres not creating rural revolutionary base areas

  • 1933 Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, starting on the Marin County side
  • 1934 Boston's Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • 1937 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • 1940 FCC hears the 1st transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal
  • 1940 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1941 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1942 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • 1943 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • 1943 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • 1944 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 1945 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • 1949 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Fair Deal

1949 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

  • 1950 Carson McCuller's "Member of the Wedding" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

  • 1952 Flying Enterprise sinks
  • 1953 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Waiting for Godot

1953 Samuel Beckett's French-language play "En Attendant Godot (Waiting for Godot)" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1957 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

  • 1959 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV

Papal Visit

1964 Pope Paul VI visits Jordan & Israel

Historic Event

1968 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1968 Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law

  • 1969 Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman & Karl Shapiro
  • 1969 Neville Williams' "Chronology of the Expanding World" completed
  • 1969 USSR Venera 5 launched for 1st successful planet landing (Venus)
  • 1970 23,000 Belgian mine workers strike
  • 1971 1st one-day international, Australia v England at the MCG
  • 1972 Largest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Lakers-11,178)
  • 1972 NYC transit fare rises from 30 cents to 35 cents

Historic Event

1972 President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed by the newly elected President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

  • 1972 US President Nixon signs a bill for NASA to begin research on a manned space shuttle
  • 1973 Mali & Niger break diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes German DR
  • 1974 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1975 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • 1975 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • 1976 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • 1976 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh

Election of Interest

1978 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time

Murder of Interest

1981 Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver confesses that he is the "Yorkshire Ripper" and murdered 13 women

  • 1982 Arkansas judge rules against obligatory teaching of creation
  • 1985 Discovery moves to launch pad for STS 51-C mission
  • 1985 Thousands of Jewish refugees are airlifted from Sudan to Israel
  • 1987 Surrogate Baby M case begins in Hackensack, New Jersey
  • 1991 Edwin Jongejans of Netherlands wins 1-metre springboard diving title
  • 1993 Oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil
  • 1993 Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (first legal hanging in America since 1965)
  • 1995 Lockheed C-140 Jetstar crashes at Isfahan, Iran, killing 18
  • 1996 Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone
  • 1996 Muralitharan no-balled for throwing in ODI v WI at the Gabba
  • 1998 Ice storm knocks out electricity in Quebec & Ontario
  • 1998 Vandals decapitate Copenhagen's Little Mermaid
  • 2001 A report reveals that doctor and former GP Harold Shipman has potentially killed hundreds of patients
  • 2005 Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
  • 2018 "Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House" by Michael Wolff is published by Henry Holt and Company
  • 2018 Kitwe in Zambia bans shaking hands and the sale of fresh food in attempt to prevent a cholera outbreak
  • 2018 North Korea accepts South Korean invitation for high-level talks
  • 2019 Chinese government report predicts China's population will peak at 1.44 billion in 2029 before declining
  • 2019 Orthodox Church of Ukraine granted independence from the Russian Orthodox Church by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew
  • 2020 Chinese professor Zhang Yongzhen publishes the first SARS-CoV-2 genome map online, allowing health professionals worldwide to identify COVID-19
  • 2020 Iran pulls out of the 2015 nuclear deal, will not limit its uranium enrichment
  • 2021 Daily new cases of COVID-19 top 60,000 in the UK as data reveals one in fifty in England had COVID-19 within the last week
  • 2021 In Georgia Senate run-off elections Raphael Warnock (D) defeats Kelly Loeffler (R) and Jon Ossoff (D) defeats David Perdue (R) to give Democrats control of the US Senate
  • 2021 Six Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, sign an agreement to ease the blockage with Qatar, in place since 2017
  • 2022 Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards pardons Homer Plessy for buying whites-only train ticket in 1892 (resulted in U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson 1896) [1]
  • 2022 State of emergency declared across Kazakhstan amid unrest and protests against fuel price rises, 164 killed in three days
  • 2023 Funeral for Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI presided over by Pope Francis in St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome [1]
  • 2023 Pocahontas revealed as the 12th great-grandmother of actor Edward Norton on PBS's "Finding Your Roots" [1]