On This Day

Events in History on January 6

  • 1066 King Harald of England crowned
  • 1099 Henry V crowned German king
  • 1205 Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans
  • 1227 Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre
  • 1322 Stephen Uros III becomes King of Serbia
  • 1352 French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star
  • 1355 Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy
  • 1449 Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.
  • 1453 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria
  • 1494 The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola
  • 1497 Jews are expelled from Graz in Styria, Austria
  • 1579 Artois, Hainault and Dowaai sign pro-Spanish Union of Arras
  • 1579 The Union of Atrecht is signed
  • 1622 Pope Gregory XV forms Congregatio the Propagande Fide
  • 1639 Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

  • 1661 The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London
  • 1690 Joseph I, later Holy Roman Emperor and son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans
  • 1720 The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlies' army draws to Glasgow
  • 1773 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • 1781 Battle of Jersey: Major Francis Peirson and his men defeat invading French troops
  • 1784 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland reach Quito, Ecuador

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt

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1809 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1832 New England Anti-Slavery Society organizes (Boston)
  • 1838 The forerunner of Morse code, the telegraph system, is first demonstrated by Alfred Vail
  • 1839 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as the "Big Wind"
  • 1842 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India

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1853 Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1857 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • 1861 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 1861 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • 1870 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna)
  • 1873 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"

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1873 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • 1880 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • 1887 `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II
  • 1893 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

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1893 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

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1896 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes

  • 1898 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • 1900 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • 1900 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris
  • 1903 Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1906 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris

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1907 Maria Montessori opens her 1st (Montessori) school (Rome)

  • 1912 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

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1912 Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1913 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • 1914 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • 1921 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • 1922 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments
  • 1924 Poulenc and Nijinska's ballet "Les Biches" premieres in Monte Carlo

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1925 Paavo Nurmi, sets indoor record, 4:13.6 mile & 14:44.6 5,000m

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

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1925 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1926 Kees Boeke opens 1st comprehensive school in Holland
  • 1927 US marines return to Nicaragua
  • 1928 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)
  • 1929 Alexander I establishes a royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia

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1929 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1930 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed

InventionHistoric Invention

1931 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Clyde Barrow kills Tarrant County Deputy Sheriff Malcolm Davis after walking into a trap set for another criminal

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1936 Barbara Hanley became Canada's 1st woman mayor (Webbwood, Ontario)

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1938 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1940 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.

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1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Bob Feller, enlists in Navy & reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
  • 1942 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • 1946 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum
  • 1946 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • 1947 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test
  • 1947 Pan American Airlines offers a round-the-world-ticket, the first commercial airline to do so
  • 1950 Britain recognizes Communist government of China
  • 1951 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1953 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1956 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group
  • 1957 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia
  • 1958 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to E. E. Cummings
  • 1964 Charlie Finlay announces he wants to move KC A's to Louisville
  • 1965 Geoff Boycott takes 3-47 against South Africa, his best Test bowling
  • 1967 2 homemade buses collided on a mountain road in Terpate, Philippines plunging off a cliff, killing 84, injuring 140
  • 1967 United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
  • 1968 Dr N E Shumway performs 1st US adult cardiac transplant operation
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon
  • 1971 Berkeley chemists announces 1st synthetic growth hormones
  • 1971 Cecil Partee elected president pro tem of Illinois state senate
  • 1972 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1972 US male Figure Skating championship won by Kenneth Shelley
  • 1972 Vladimir Bukovski is exiled from USSR
  • 1974 United Kingdom begins three-day work week during energy crisis
  • 1974 In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Charter 77, a document criticising the Czech government's human rights abuses, is published in Prague
  • 1978 1st postage stamp copyrighted by US (Carl Sandburg stamp)
  • 1978 US hand over St Stephan crown to Hungary
  • 1979 The Village People's Y.M.C.A becomes their only UK No.1 single. At it's peak it sold over 150,000 copies a day

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1980 Indira Gandhi's Congress Party wins elections in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1980 The beginning of the first GPS epoch.
  • 1981 50th hat trick in Islander history-John Tonelli scored 5 goals
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41 B mission
  • 1986 British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns after the 'Westland affair'
  • 1986 Impala Platinum fires 20,000 black mine workers in Johannesburg
  • 1986 STS 61-C scrubbed at T-31sec because of liquid oxygen valve problem
  • 1987 100th US Congress convenes
  • 1987 Astronomers at University of California see 1st sight of birth of a galaxy
  • 1990 NY Lotto pays $35 million to one winner (#s are 18-25-26-32-42-44)
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias elected President of Guatemala
  • 1991 Qian Hong swims female world record 50m butterfly (27.30 sec)
  • 1992 Robert Schenkkan's "Kentucky Cycle" premieres in LA

  • 1992 Shane Warne takes 1-150 in his 1st Test innings
  • 1992 The US Government urges doctors to stop using silicone breast implants, outlining the health effects
  • 1992 Zviad Gamskahurdia, the President of Georgia, flees the country because of the military coup
  • 1993 Jean Mueller discovers comet Mueller/1993a
  • 1993 55 Kashmiri civilians are killed in Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir by Indian Border Security Force units
  • 1994 Dow-Jones hits record 3803.88
  • 1995 A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 1996 Record £42 million ($65.2 million) British lottery won by 3 people (2-3-4-13-42-44)
  • 1998 Barry Switzer resigns as Dallas Cowboy coach
  • 2000 The flu outbreak in Britain puts pressure on NHS
  • 2000 The last Pyrenean ibex is found dead after being crushed by a tree
  • 2002 Daniel Bedingfield returns to No.1 on the UK singles chart for the second time with Gotta Get Thru This
  • 2004 Costas Simitis announces his resignation as president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Greece.
  • 2005 Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
  • 2009 Israel begins an assault on the Gaza Strip
  • 2012 A suicide bomber blows himself up at a police station in Damascus, Syria, killing 26 people and wounding 63
  • 2013 10 people are killed by a US drone attack in South Waziristan, Pakistan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Truce begins between Free Syrian Army and forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad in northern Damascus

President of Syria Bashar al-Assad
President of Syria
Bashar al-Assad
  • 2016 North Korea states that they have successfully conducted their fourth nuclear test, saying it was a hydrogen bomb in a claim disputed by most international experts

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2016 Governor of California Jerry Brown declares state of emergency over methane gas leak on outskirts of Los Angeles

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Elizabeth Warren announces her intention to run for a second term as Massachusetts Senator

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • 2018 Oil tanker Sanchi collides with a freighter off the coast of Shanghai with 32 probable deaths
  • 2019 Record $3.1 million (333.6 million yen) price for giant bluefin tuna at Tokyo's Toyosu fish market bought by sushi restaurant owner Kiyoshi Kimura
  • 2019 Malaysian king Sultan Muhammad V abdicates after two years of rule in historic first