Events in History on January 7

  • 754 Pope Stefanus II arrives in Ponthion
  • 1325 Afonso IV succeeds Denis as King of Portugal
  • 1558 Calais, last English possession in France, retaken by France

Papal Inauguration

1566 Antonio "Michele" Ghislieri is elected Pope Pius V

  • 1584 Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia and The Holy Roman Empire
  • 1598 Boris Godunov seizes Russian throne on death of Feodor I
  • 1608 Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia

Historic Discovery

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa & Ganymede

Historic Event

1611 Trial of Hungarian aristocrat Elizabeth Báthory for killing and torturing hundreds of young women, later sentenced to house arrest for the rest of her life

Historic Event

1618 Francis Bacon becomes Lord Chancellor of England

  • 1622 Germany & Transylvania sign Peace of Nikolsburg
  • 1654 Fire after heavy storm destroys two thirds of De Rijp, Netherlands, 1 person dies

Historic Event

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great departs Netherlands for England

  • 1714 Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)
  • 1782 1st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • 1784 1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • 1785 1st balloon flight across English Channel by Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries
  • 1790 French Revolution: A major riot breaks out in Versailles as people demand lower bread prices
  • 1797 First official use of the modern Italian flag (the Tricolor) by the Cispadane Republic
  • 1817 2nd Bank of US opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1822 1st printing in Hawaii of a ceremonial broadside for King Kamehameha II by Elisha Loomis
  • 1822 Liberia colonized by the American Colonization Society
  • 1830 1st US Railroad Station opens in Baltimore
  • 1835 HMS Beagle anchors off Chonos Archipelago
  • 1861 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)

Romney Campaign

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, West Virginia

  • 1868 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • 1868 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • 1890 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • 1892 Mine explosion kills 100 in Krebs, Oklahoma; blacks trying to help rescue white survivors, driven away with guns
  • 1893 Hermann Sudermanns' play "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • 1896 Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook "The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book"

Historic Event

1904 Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Theater Premiere

1907 Clyde Fitch's play "The Truth" premieres in NYC

  • 1908 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • 1911 Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
  • 1913 William M. Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • 1915 World War I: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed

Historic Event

1916 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

  • 1919 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • 1919 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • 1920 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • 1923 Baltimore Sun warns of the Ku Klux Klan
  • 1927 Commercial transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between New York & London
  • 1929 "Buck Rogers" sci-fi comic strip's 1st appearance in a newspaper
  • 1929 "Tarzan", one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appears

Historic Event

1929 Croatian nationalist movement, Ustaša founded by Ante Pavelić in exile in Italy

  • 1929 French inventor Robert Bureau launches the 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver
  • 1930 Edwin Justus Mayer's "Children of Darkness" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Marguerite Perey discovers francium (Fr), the last naturally occurring element to be found
  • 1931 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • 1933 1st edition of People & Fatherland published in Netherlands
  • 1934 "Flash Gordon" comic strip created and drawn by Alex Raymond debuts

Agreement of Interest

1935 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement

  • 1935 Zoe Akins' "Old Maid" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 US worker's union leader Tom Mooney freed (jailed since 1916)
  • 1940 Winter War: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered

Historic Event

1941 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

  • 1942 WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • 1944 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59

Historic Event

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes

  • 1945 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • 1946 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union
  • 1948 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO

Historic Event

1948 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan to assist in rebuilding Europe after WWII [1]

  • 1949 1st photo of genes taken at University of Southern California by Pease & Baker
  • 1950 Hank Snow's 1st appearance on "Grand Ole Opry"
  • 1950 Mental health wing of Mercy Hospital burns, kills 41 in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1953 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb
  • 1954 Georgetown-IBM experiment, 1st public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held at IBM's head office in New York
  • 1956 Indian batsman Vinoo Mankad scores 231 v NZ, 413 opening stand with Roy
  • 1957 Algerian militant and National Liberation Front member Djamila Bouhired sets off a bomb in an Algiers cafe killing 11 civilians, precipitating the Battle of Algiers
  • 1958 USSR reduces army to 300,000

Historic Event

1959 American gangster Meyer Lansky flees Cuba for the Bahamas due to the Cuban Revolution and rise of Fidel Castro

Historic Event

1959 US recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government

  • 1961 Trucial States (now UAE) issue their 1st postage stamps

Assassination Attempt

1962 Assassination attempt fails on Indonesian President Sukarno

  • 1962 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Hall Wheelock [1]
  • 1963 1st class postage raised from 4 cents to 5 cents
  • 1964 Bahamas becomes self-governing
  • 1964 Dick Weber rolls highest bowling game in air (Boeing 707)
  • 1965 France announces it will convert $150 million of its currency to gold
  • 1965 Twin brothers are in held in custody in London charged with abduction and murder
  • 1968 1st class US postage raised from 5 cents to 6 cents
  • 1968 Surveyor 7, the last spacecraft in the Surveyor series, lifts off
  • 1969 US Congress doubles presidential salary
  • 1971 -40°F (-40°C) in Hawley Lake, Arizona (state record)
  • 1972 Discovery of the first black hole Cygnus X-1 in the constellation Cygnus reported in a paper in "Nature" by Louise Webster and Paul Murdin [1]
  • 1972 Iberian Airlines 'plane crashes into 800ft peak on island of Ibiza, 104 die
  • 1972 Lewis F. Powell Jr. becomes a US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1972 William Hubbs Rehnquist sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1973 American poet James Merrill wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1973 Johnny Watkins bowls six overs 0-21 v Pakistan Never again
  • 1973 Mark Essex's mass shooting comes to an end after he is shot by police more than 200 times on the roof of New Orlean's Holiday Inn hotel. He killed nine people, including five policeman.
  • 1974 Gasoline rationed in Netherlands
  • 1975 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)
  • 1978 Angola revises its constitution in include a state security law
  • 1979 Vietnamese forces capture Phnom Penh from Khmer Rouge

Historic Event

1980 American President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation to bail out the Chrysler Corporation with a 1.5 billion dollar loan

Historic Event

1983 President Reagan ends US arms embargo against Guatemala

  • 1984 Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • 1985 Japanese space probe Sakigake launched to Halley's comet
  • 1985 KHQ-AM in Spokane, Washington, changes call letters to KLSN (now KAQQ)
  • 1986 Netherlands Bank issues 250 guilder notes
  • 1986 STS 61-C mission scrubbed at T -9m because of weather problems
  • 1986 US President Reagan announces economic sanctions against Libya
  • 1987 French airplanes harass Libyan positions in Duadi Doum

Historic Event

1989 Akihito becomes the 125th Emperor of Japan after the death of his father Horohito

  • 1989 International Conference on Limitation of Chemical Weapons opens in Paris
  • 1990 Lynn Jennings runs world record indoor 5km indoor at 15:22.64
  • 1990 Tower of Pisa closed to the public after leaning too far
  • 1991 "Nia Peeples Party Machine" premieres on TV

Historic Event

1991 Saddam Hussein prepares his troops for what he says will be a long violent war against the US

  • 1992 AT&T releases video-telephone ($1,499)
  • 1993 Bosnian War: Bosnian Army launches a surprise attack on Kravica, a village in Srebrenica
  • 1993 The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President
  • 1994 South Africa beat Australia in the Sydney Test by 5 runs
  • 1994 United Express commuter plane crashes in Ohio, killing 5
  • 1996 16th United Negro College Fund raises $12,600,000

Election of Interest

1997 Newt Gingrich narrowly re-elected speaker of the US House of Representatives

Historic Event

1998 Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signs affidavit denying she had an affair with President Bill Clinton

Impeachment Trial of Bill Clinton

1999 President Bill Clinton's Impeachment trial begins in the US Senate after the House voted to impeach him for lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky

  • 2000 Former UK Cabinet minister Jonathan Aitken released from prison after 9 months of a 18-month sentence
  • 2010 Muslim gunmen in Egypt kill nine people after opening fire on a crowd of Coptic Christians
  • 2012 Hot air balloon crashes in Carterton, New Zealand, killing 11
  • 2014 Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina wins re-election in Bangladesh general election
  • 2015 A car bomb explodes in Sana'a, the capital of Yemen, killing 38 people and injuring more than 63

Historic Event

2015 Terrorist attack on the offices of satirical newspaper "Charlie Hebdo" in Paris kills 12 (including Jean Cabut and Stéphane Charbonnier), injures 11

  • 2018 It snows in the Sahara desert - 15 inches reported in Aïn Séfra, Northwest Algeria
  • 2018 Sydney, Australia has its hottest day for 80 years as Penrith reaches 47.3 degrees
  • 2019 Amazon overtakes Microsoft to become the world's most valuable listed company for the first time, worth $797 billion
  • 2019 Attempted coup in Gabon fails after rebel soldiers overtake national radio station in Libreville
  • 2019 Tennessee woman Cyntoia Brown, convicted for murdering a man aged 16, granted clemency by Governor Bill Haslam
  • 2020 6.4 magnitude earthquake in Puerto Rico, island's largest in a century, followed by many aftershocks kill 1 person and destroy 800 homes
  • 2021 Arizona is now the COVID-19 “hotspot of the world" according to local health officials with an average of 118.3 new cases per 100,000 people

Historic Event

2021 Elon Musk, co-founder of Tesla, becomes the world's richest man, worth $186 billion, overtaking Amazon founder Jeff Bezos

Historic Event

2021 Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg blocks President Donald Trump from Facebook and Instagram till January 20, following suspension of his other social media accounts the previous day

Historic Event

2021 US Congress completes the ceremonial certification of Joe Biden's presidential victory late in the night after an earlier unprecedented breach of the Capitol by Trump supporters

  • 2021 WHO warns Europe needs to do more to "flatten the steep vertical line" of COVID-19 cases and control the spread of the new variant, with 230 million already living under lockdown
  • 2022 First successful transplant of a pig's heart into a human when genetically modified pig's heart inserted into a 53 year old man in Baltimore, Maryland [1]
  • 2022 Three men convicted of murdering black jogger Ahmaud Arbery in Feb 2020, sentenced to life in prison in a Georgia court