Events in History on January 9

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople
  • 1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

Historic Event

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government

  • 1464 1st meeting of States-General of Netherlands
  • 1522 Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

Historic Event

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod

Historic Event

1580 Francis Drake's ship the Golden Hind strikes a reef off the Celebes islands, slips off the next day and sails onward to Java then round the Cape of Good Hope and back to Plymouth in England [1]

  • 1718 France declares war on Spain
  • 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1768 Philip Astley stages the world's first modern circus in London
  • 1792 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1793 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • 1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery

Historic Event

1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

Historic Event

1806 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

Historic Event

1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

  • 1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 1847 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
  • 1848 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
  • 1848 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • 1854 Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 1855 Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 1858 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide

Battle of Fort Sumter

1861 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

  • 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • 1866 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1868 Last convict ship the Hougoumont arrives in Fremantle, ending 80 years of penal transportation to Australia [1]
  • 1878 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 1880 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • 1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow
  • 1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1901 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • 1903 Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, established
  • 1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds Jules De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • 1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established

Historic Expedition

1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

  • 1912 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • 1915 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated in San Francisco

Gallipoli: Guts, Glory and Defeat

1916 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated

  • 1917 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • 1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1923 Swaraj political party founded in India with Chittaranjan Das as president and Motilal Nehru its secretary
  • 1925 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died

Historic Event

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC

  • 1929 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1930 Albert Kahn Associates architectural firm become consulting architects for all industrial construction in the Soviet Union

  • 1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
  • 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians

Theater Premiere

1937 Maxwell Anderson's stage drama "High Tor" premieres at Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 171 performances, wins Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Play

  • 1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1941 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • 1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Historic Event

1945 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

Historic Event

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

  • 1951 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • 1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • 1954 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • 1956 Abigail Van Buren's [Pauline Phillips] "Dear Abby" advice column 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • 1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • 1957 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
  • 1959 Dam across Tera River in Northwestern Spain collapses after heavy winter rains, killing 135
  • 1959 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • 1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • 1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • 1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1963 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

  • 1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone
  • 1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski, barring him from travel abroad
  • 1967 Georgia legislature seats Representative Julian Bond
  • 1968 1st ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon
  • 1969 First trial flight of Concorde supersonic jetliner, Bristol, England

Historic Event

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill travels to London to meet Home Secretary James Callaghan and brief him on the growing violence in Northern Ireland

  • 1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted

Historic Event

1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving's autobiography is a fake

  • 1972 British coal miners begin a national strike, the first for half a century
  • 1972 Retired passenger liner Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour
  • 1973 Luna 21 launched, to Moon
  • 1975 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • 1978 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
  • 1979 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W. S. Merwin
  • 1979 High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126th consecutive free throws
  • 1979 Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses
  • 1980 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1981 Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal
  • 1982 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; 1st since 1855
  • 1982 Steve D'Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 sec in Mass HS game

Historic Event

1983 British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

  • 1984 EAA moves operations to Oshkosh
  • 1986 After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
  • 1987 Chinese Vietnamese border fights, 1,500 killed
  • 1987 New Nicaraguan constitution takes effect

Historic Event

1988 August Wilson's "Piano Lesson" premieres in Boston

  • 1990 64th US manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) launches into orbit
  • 1990 US Supreme Court strikes down Dallas' ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses
  • 1991 Baker & Aziz meet in Geneva; talks fail to defuse gulf crisis
  • 1992 Alison Halford, Assistant Chief Constable of Merseyside Police (Britain's most senior policewoman) is suspended after allegations of misconduct
  • 1994 14th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record (167.282 pts)
  • 1994 Rintje Ritsma skates world record (156.201 points)
  • 1995 Ecuador & Peru involved in boundary fight
  • 1995 Worker accidentally cuts electrical wires at Newark Airport
  • 1997 After 5 days missing, Tony Bullimore rescued alive after his boat capsized in Southern Ocean
  • 1998 Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hrs 8 mins
  • 1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned
  • 2001 Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.

Election of Interest

2005 Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.

  • 2005 The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.

Historic Event

2007 Apple Inc CEO Steve Jobs announces the iPhone

  • 2014 5 people are killed in a Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant, Yokkaichi, Japan
  • 2014 Taliban suicide car bomb assassinates senior police officer Chaudhry Aslam and kills three others in Pakistan, Pakistan
  • 2018 Former White House strategist Steve Bannon leaves Breitbart News after his criticism of the White House in "Fire and the Fury" book
  • 2018 Mudslides sweep away 100 houses in Montecito, California, killing at least 20, on land stripped bare by recent fires
  • 2018 The first same-sex marriages take place in Australia after legislation passed a month earlier

Historic Event

2018 US President Trump cancels program allowing 200,000 Salvadorans temporary status to live in the US

  • 2019 California's monarch butterfly count drops by 86% according to 2018 census
  • 2019 Car manufacture Hyundai unveils a model of a proposed walking car, for first responders, in Las Vegas
  • 2019 US President Donald Trump makes Oval Office address live on TV over government shutdown and border wall
  • 2021 China places two cities, Shijiazhuang and Xingtai, under lockdown after over 130 cases of COVID-19 reported
  • 2021 Sriwijaya Air Flight 182 crashes in the Java Sea just after take off from Jakarta, Indonesia, killing all 62 on board
  • 2022 At least 200 people killed and 10,000 displaced by armed bandits in northwestern Nigerian state of Zamfara, after military raids on their hideouts, amid continuing struggle for order in the region [1]
  • 2022 Fire in a Bronx, New York, residential high rise kills 17 and injures 63