Events in History on July 1

  • 69 Batavian nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria

Historic Event

69 Roman General Vespasian is first proclaimed Emperor by troops in Egypt, during year of the four emperors

Battle of Interest

70 Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

  • 251 The Battle of Abrittus in the Balkans won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed
  • 649 Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 1097 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200 In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233 Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1252 King Alfonso X 'the Wise', King of Castile & Leon crowned
  • 1253 Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347 Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha, daughter of Jan III
  • 1390 French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 1517 1st burning of Protestants at the stake in the Netherlands
  • 1517 Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
  • 1535 Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543 England & Scotland sign peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1569 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporating it into Poland
  • 1600 Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Netherlands
  • 1674 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu, Japan

Victory in Battle

1690 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland

Historic Event

1698 Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal founded by Marguerite Bourgeoys canonically constituted a community

Historic Event

1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [OS]

  • 1747 Battle at Lafeld: France force beats British and Dutch army in Belgium during the Austrian War of Succession

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

  • 1782 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
  • 1795 John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court

Historic Event

1798 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

  • 1810 Louis Napoleon abdicates as king of the Netherlands
  • 1816 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1820 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published in the Netherlands
  • 1823 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole

Historic Event

1836 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

Historic Event

1839 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

  • 1841 Mammoth Cave National Park established with 45,310 acres, including world's largest cave network in Kentucky, US [1]
  • 1847 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin and 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • 1850 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Historic Event

1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society

  • 1859 Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
  • 1861 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington and Mason St, San Francisco
  • 1861 US War Department decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers

Historic Event

1862 Alexander II of Russia grants Jews right to publish books

  • 1862 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill [Poindexter's Farm], day 7 of 7 days battles, Union forces repel Confederate attack, Tactical Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • 1862 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lee's northward advance halted
  • 1863 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • 1863 Slavery abolished in Dutch territories including Sint Maarten, Suriname and the Dutch Antilles, (now marked as Keti Koti Day in Suriname and the Netherlands)

Historic Event

1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

  • 1869 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • 1869 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • 1870 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point
  • 1871 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada

Historic Event

1873 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia enters West Point Military Academy

  • 1873 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 1874 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 1874 1st zoo in the United States opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1874 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts law governing child labor in factories
  • 1875 Universal Postal Union comes into effect after established in the Bern treaty, to organize international mail services
  • 1877 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • 1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union
  • 1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1881 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, Maine to St Stephen, New Brunswick
  • 1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • 1883 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 1885 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada

Historic Event

1889 Frederick Douglass named US Minister to Haiti

  • 1889 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • 1890 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable
  • 1890 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • 1896 Harbor of Ymuiden opens in the Netherlands

Historic Event

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1897 Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Historic Event

1898 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

  • 1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • 1899 San Francisco City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • 1902 Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • 1902 US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA

Historic Event

1905 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

  • 1907 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1908 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • 1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
  • 1911 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • 1911 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • 1913 Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria

Historic Event

1914 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

  • 1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • 1915 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • 1916 1st of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occur at Beach Haven when Charles Vansant (25) bled to death, challenging previous scientific belief that sharks never hurt humans, and sparking popular fear over sharks which persists today
  • 1916 British court martial for the Easter uprising
  • 1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

  • 1917 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • 1917 Race riots in East St Louis, Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • 1919 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • 1920 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • 1921 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • 1923 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • 1924 Dircet regular transcontinental airmail service between New York and San Francisco forms
  • 1925 SDAP wins 4 chairs in Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • 1925 Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK
  • 1926 Canada restores gold standard
  • 1929 US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
  • 1930 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • 1931 Ice vending machines introduced in Los Angeles 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • 1931 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

Historic Event

1931 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments

Presidential Convention

1932 NY Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for president at Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1932 NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
  • 1933 114°F (45.6°C), Las Animas, Colorado (state record, tied in 1954; broken in 2019)
  • 1933 German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn't work
  • 1933 The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
  • 1934 1st x-ray photo of entire body, taken by Arthur Fuchs of Eastman-Kodak Company in Rochester, New York
  • 1934 Brookfield Zoo opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1935 Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Dutch Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1936 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • 1936 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • 1937 Rev Martin Niemöller arrested in Nazi Germany for activities against the State

Historic Event

1937 Spanish bishops support Francisco Franco and his fascist movement

  • 1938 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
  • 1940 Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
  • 1942 WWI: German troops conquer Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, Crimea, after a 250 battle; Russia takes it back in 1944
  • 1943 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • 1944 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

Conference of Interest

1944 Bretton Woods Conference starts, dominated by Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes and leads to establishment of the IMF and the World Bank

Historic Event

1944 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy

  • 1944 German officer Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
  • 1944 US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
  • 1944 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Sign peace, idiots!"
  • 1945 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • 1945 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Historic Event

1946 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

  • 1946 US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
  • 1947 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
  • 1947 British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
  • 1948 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • 1950 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
  • 1950 NYC bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
  • 1956 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
  • 1957 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • 1959 Heinrich Lubke elected President of West Germany
  • 1959 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • 1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • 1959 World Refugee Year begins

Historic Event

1960 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

  • 1960 Ghana becomes a republic
  • 1960 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • 1960 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • 1960 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories
  • 1960 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • 1961 Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
  • 1962 Algeria votes for independence from France
  • 1962 Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)

Historic Event

1963 US President JFK arrives in Rome

  • 1963 ZIP (Zone Improvement Plan) Codes are introduced for United States mail
  • 1965 Dutch soccer clubs Sportclub Enschede & Enschedese Boys merge to form FC Twente '65 FC (2009-10 Eredivisie champions)
  • 1965 Kinderstraf trial starts
  • 1966 Construction crews begin tearing up Market St in San Francisco to build the Bay Area Rapid Transit system (BART)
  • 1966 NASA launches spacecraft Explorer 33
  • 1966 US national health insurance program Medicare goes into effect
  • 1967 Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the 1867 British North America Act which served as Canada's constitution for over 100 years
  • 1968 Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
  • 1968 Fortuna Sittard soccer team forms in Sittard
  • 1968 The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
  • 1968 US, Britain, USSR & 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
  • 1968 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

1969 Investiture of Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales is watched by large crowds in Caernarfon, Wales and by millions on television

  • 1969 Shelby Singleton buys Sun Records from Sam Phillips
  • 1970 British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling visits N. Ireland and is reported as saying: "For God's sake bring me a large Scotch. What a bloody awful country!"
  • 1971 Britain and Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
  • 1971 Debt raised to build San Franisco's Golden Gate Bridge paid off
  • 1971 North Carolina becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, ratifying 26th amendment
  • 1971 State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
  • 1971 Twenty-sixth Amendment, which lowers the voting age from 21 to 18, is ratified and becomes part of the United States Constitution

Historic Publication

1972 Feminist magazine "Ms" founded by Gloria Steinem publishes its first regular issue with Wonder Woman on the cover

  • 1972 The first Gay Pride march in England takes place.
  • 1973 British Library established as the country's national library and legal depository, one of the largest libraries in the world with over 170 million items (previously part of the British Museum) [1]

Historic Event

1973 Tom Bradley becomes the 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, the first (and only) African-American to hold that position

  • 1974 1st Laura Ashley store in the US opens (San Francisco)

Historic Event

1974 General Augusto Pinochet becomes president and dictator of Chile

  • 1974 Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as President of Argentina
  • 1974 Monmouthshire renamed Gwent and becomes part of Wales
  • 1976 Kenneth Gibson, is 1st black president of US Conference of Mayors
  • 1976 Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.

Historic Event

1978 Former US President Richard Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974

  • 1978 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
  • 1979 Sony introduces the Walkman, first popular portable cassette player
  • 1979 Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6" of snow
  • 1979 Sweden becomes 1st nation to prohibit "corporal punishment or other injurious or humiliating treatment" of children by their parents
  • 1981 Laurel Canyon California murders (4 die, 1 wounded)
  • 1981 Nell Dunn's "Steaming" premieres in London

Historic Event

1981 Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam

  • 1981 Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3
  • 1982 2,100 Unification church couples wed in NYC