Events in History on July 11

  • 911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
  • 1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan
  • 1244 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city's Christian population and driving out Jews

Victory in Battle

1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium: Flemish coalition defeat the French army of Philip IV

  • 1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  • 1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail on his first major expedition, to the Spice Islands, leading 208 vessels, including 62 treasure ships with 27,800 sailors
  • 1423 Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
  • 1525 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
  • 1536 The Convocation of the clergy subscribe to the Ten Articles, beliefs of the English Church under Henry VIII
  • 1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland
  • 1588 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
  • 1635 Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
  • 1656 The first Quakers to land in America (Boston), Englishwomen Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, are arrested and jailed by the Puritan colonial government. After 5 years imprisonment they are deported back to Barbados

Historic Event

1663 Oxford mathematician John Wallis gives a lecture on Euclid’s parallel postulate, first Western attempt to derive the parallel postulate as a theorem

  • 1673 Netherlands & Denmark sign defense treaty

Victory in Battle

1690 Battle of Drogheda Boyne: King William III defeats deposed King James II of England

  • 1708 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant 'planet' from the Sun for the last time before 1979
  • 1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • 1781 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US

Historic Event

1789 French King Louis XVI dismisses finance minister Jacques Necker, sparking riots in Paris

  • 1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet

Historic Event

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

Historic Publication

1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

  • 1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

Historic Event

1818 English poet John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", and "Gadfly"

  • 1848 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1859 Big Ben's second and current bell first chimes from inside the Clock Tower [1]
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Mountain Virginia - General Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain, Virginia - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863 Battle at Green River, Kentucky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • 1863 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • 1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • 1882 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1888 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • 1889 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city

Historic Invention

1892 US Patent Office says Joseph Swan rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

  • 1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
  • 1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kōkichi Mikimoto, in Japan

Historic Event

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon headed for the North Pole
  • 1900 Boer General De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns

Historic Event

1902 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

Historic Event

1905 Black intellectuals and activists led by W.E.B. Du Bois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

  • 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy"
  • 1915 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germany launches an offensive on Fort Souville in France but are defeated by artillery and machine gunners
  • 1916 US Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work
  • 1920 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1921 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • 1924 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India

Appointment of Interest

1925 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands names Hendrikus Colijn of the Anti-Revolutionary Party as head of Dutch government

Historic Event

1934 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal

  • 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • 1940 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

Historic Event

1940 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

  • 1941 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1943 7th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues

Historic Event

1943 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

  • 1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • 1943 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • 1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1948 1st air bombing of Jerusalem

Presidential Convention

1952 General Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

  • 1954 114°F (45.6°C), Sedgwick, Colorado (ties state record; broken in 2019)
  • 1954 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Mississippi
  • 1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • 1955 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets

Historic Publication

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

  • 1960 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • 1960 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent
  • 1961 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
  • 1962 Brothers Hank snd Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
  • 1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
  • 1962 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested

Historic Event

1965 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion

  • 1971 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a number of bombs in the centre of Belfast injuring a number of people
  • 1973 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 1974 World Football League plays 1st games
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 In pre-game promo at Atlanta County Stadium, 34 couples wed at home plate followed by Championship Wrestling "Headlocks & Wedlocks"

Historic Event

1977 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr.

  • 1978 Auto with liquid gas crashes and explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • 1979 US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia and disintegrates
  • 1980 American hostage Richard Queen freed by Iran militants due to illness
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1981 Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony
  • 1984 Government orders air bags or seat belts would be required in cars by 1989
  • 1984 Lucas Mangope re-elected president of Bophuthatswana
  • 1985 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
  • 1986 Mary Beth Whitehead christens surrogate Baby M, Sara
  • 1990 Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1991 Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii

Historic Event

1992 Presidential candidate Ross Perot at NAACP speech calls them "you people"

  • 1994 Suriname guilder devalued to 1USD = SG180 during a period of high inflation

Historic Event

1995 More than 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys are massacred by Bosnian Serbs after they overrun the UN 'safe haven' of Srebrenica on directive of Radovan Karadžić

  • 2001 Iraq resumes oil exports, ending a 5-week halt in protest of a US and British-sponsored UN Security Council resolution
  • 2006 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India
  • 2007 15th ESPY Awards: LaDainian Tomlinson, Taryne Mowatt win
  • 2011 Neptune completes its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846
  • 2012 Police academy suicide bombing kills 20 in Sana'a, Yemen
  • 2012 S/2012 P 1, the fifth moon of Pluto is discovered
  • 2013 30 people are killed in a wave of bomb and gun attacks across Iraq
  • 2014 The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continue attacks on Gaza

El Chapo Finally Recaptured

2015 Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house

  • 2018 Oldest stone tools outside Africa discovered in Lantian country, western China, estimated 2.12 million years old made by hominins
  • 2019 Japan’s Hayabusa2 spacecraft lands on the Ryugu asteroid 300m km (185m miles) from earth for a second time to collect samples
  • 2019 Last models of Volkswagen's Beetle car are produced in Pueblo, Mexico, ending production worldwide after 80 years
  • 2019 US stock markets reach new records, the Dow tops 27,000 points for the first time and the S&P 500 hits 3,000 points
  • 2021 Rare mass anti-government protests across Cuba due to economic hardships and effects of COVID-19 led to widespread arrests

Historic Event

2022 NASA and US President Joe Biden reveal first image from James Webb Space Telescope, cluster of galaxies called SMACS 0723 four billion light-years away, as they appeared 13 billion years ago [1]

  • 2022 New study suggests dogs can 'see' with their noses " first documentation of a direct connection between the olfactory bulb and occipital lobe in any species" [1]