Events in History on July 12

  • 526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1109 Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 English King Richard I / the Lionheart & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

  • 1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro
Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
  • 1549 Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England
  • 1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22]
  • 1630 New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1691 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • 1700 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • 1704 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • 1730 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • 1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs, England

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

/flags/united statesUnited States Declaration of Independence

1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, pass a symbolic declaration of independence

  • 1774 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776 Captain James Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • 1785 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • 1801 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1817 1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1850 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass
  • 1862 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1862 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1874 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • 1878 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, D.C.
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
  • 1900 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1901 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • 1901 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • 1902 Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as British Prime Minister on 11 July

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1905 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
  • 1909 16th Amendment was passed by congress (power to tax incomes)
  • 1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed

  • 1920 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • 1921 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
  • 1926 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
  • 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • 1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1937 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • 1940 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • 1943 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • 1943 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • 1943 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • 1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • 1944 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • 1946 Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia" premieres in Glyndebourne
  • 1948 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • 1949 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • 1950 Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death
  • 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
  • 1952 East German SED decides to form German DR army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
  • 1955 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • 1957 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1960 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
  • 1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • 1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
  • 1966 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
  • 1966 Start of 3 day race riot in Chicago, looting brings out National Guardsmen
  • 1966 US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints
  • 1967 5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0
  • 1967 Race riot in Newark, NJ, 26 killed, 1,500 injured & over 1,000 arrested
  • 1967 Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
  • 1968 Couve de Murville forms government in France
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 As the 'marching season' reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many familles in Belfast are forced to move from their homes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco in 57 days

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1970 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
  • 1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
  • 1972 Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla
  • 1972 Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
  • 1975 Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire
  • 1975 Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • 1976 Ian Dury & Kilburns disband
  • 1977 John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
  • 1978 Sun Bank Building opens
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Ian Paice joins Whitesnake
  • 1979 Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK
  • 1982 Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs
  • 1982 FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail
  • 1983 Chad government troops reconquer Abéché
  • 1984 Geraldine Ferraro, NY becomes 1st woman major-party VP candidate
  • 1984 A car bomb set off by the military wing of the ANC, explodes in Durban South Africa killing 5 and injuring 27 people
  • 1985 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • 1986 Steven McDonald, New York City Police Department patrolman, is shot and paralyzed by Shavod Jones
  • 1987 1st time in 20 years a delegation from USSR lands in Israel
  • 1987 50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar
  • 1988 All star MVP: Terry Steinbach (Oakland A's)
  • 1988 USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Boris Yeltsin quits the Soviet Communist Party

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1990 In Soweto, South Africa, Shanty town women strip to the waist and confront bulldozers sent by authorities to demolish their homes
  • 1992 Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis of Jul 2, 1991 concert
  • 1993 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed
  • 1993 Don Imus begins broadcasting to Boston on WEEI (590 AM)
  • 1994 Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins

Music releaseAlbum Release

1995 Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, "Enrique Iglesias"

King of Latin Pop Enrique Iglesias
King of Latin Pop
Enrique Iglesias
  • 1996 Start of 1st "Super 8's" tournament in Kuala Lumpur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Pres. Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 2006 Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.
  • 2012 200 people are killed by the Syrian army in Tremseh
  • 2012 90-155 people are killed after an oil tanker crashes and explodes in Okogbe, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • 2013 8 people are killed after a commuter train derails in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Malala Yousafzai addresses the United Nations and calls for worldwide access to education

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Bernie Sanders endorses fellow Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton in a speech in New Hampshire

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
  • 2017 Giant iceberg breaks away from Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica, about 6,000 sq km in length