Events in History on July 12

  • 526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 927 King Aethelstan is the first southern English king to gain control of much of the north of Britain when various local kings accept his overlordship at Eamont, Cumbria
  • 1109 Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli

Historic Event

1191 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

Historic Event

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes King of Naples

Victory in Battle

1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

  • 1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupy Flanders
  • 1549 Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England
  • 1561 "Trinity Church" (now Saint Basil's Cathedral) is consecrated in Moscow, Russia, built to commemorate defeat of the Mongols at battle of Kazan
  • 1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published

Historic Event

1627 English invasion fleet under George Villiers lands on the Île de Ré, forced to withdraw after 3 months of combat and losing 4,000 of 7,000 troops

  • 1630 New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, later known as Ellis Island

Historic Event

1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court

Victory in Battle

1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II

  • 1691 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1700 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700

  • 1704 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • 1705 Ottoman army officer Al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī proclaims himself Bey of Tunis, founding the Husainid Dynasty (dynasty rules till 1957)
  • 1730 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII

Historic Event

1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS]

Voyage of Discovery

1771 The Endeavour captained by James Cook, with Joseph Banks aboard, returns from its first voyage to the Pacific after two years

  • 1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, pass a symbolic declaration of independence
  • 1774 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776 Captain James Cook departs Plymouth, England helming HMS Resolution, beginning his 3rd and final trip to the Pacific
  • 1785 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • 1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1801 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Historic Event

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel the previous day by Vice President Aaron Burr

  • 1812 US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1817 1st flower show held in Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland

Historic Event

1843 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

  • 1850 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts

Historic Event

1861 Wild Bill Hickok reputed to have shot and killed David McCanles, possibly his first kill. Hickok later acquitted after found he acted in self defense.

  • 1862 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • 1862 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1878 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 1879 Agricultural and industrial tariffs are introduced in Germany
  • 1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, D.C.
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1900 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1901 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • 1901 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47

Historic Event

1902 Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as British Prime Minister on 11 July

  • 1905 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power

Historic Event

1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

  • 1909 16th Amendment was passed by congress (power to tax incomes)
  • 1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US - "Queen Elizabeth" in NYC
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1916 3rd and 4th of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occurs at Matawan Creek when epileptic Lester Stilwell (11) is dragged into a creek and Watson Fisher (24), believing Silwell had a seizure, is bitten while retrieving the body and subsequently bleeds to death
  • 1916 Joseph Dunn (14) is attacked by a shark, suffering non-fatal wounds in New Jersey, the final episode in a spate of shark attacks along the Jersey coast where 4 people died over 12 days
  • 1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona
  • 1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • 1920 Lithuania and USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • 1926 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
  • 1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
  • 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • 1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1937 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto, California
  • 1940 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • 1943 8th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Kutuzov (Soviet counter-offensive begins
  • 1943 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • 1943 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms

Historic Event

1943 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • 1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased

Historic Event

1944 US government recognizes authority of French General Charles de Gaulle

  • 1948 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • 1949 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • 1950 Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten and F Fischer to death
  • 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero, Illinois
  • 1952 East German SED decides to form German DR army
  • 1954 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal

Historic Event

1954 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system

  • 1955 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • 1957 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • 1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
  • 1966 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
  • 1966 Start of 3 day race riot in Chicago, looting brings out National Guardsmen
  • 1966 US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia and Denver mints
  • 1967 Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
  • 1967 Race riot in Newark, New Jersey, 26 killed, 1,500 injured & over 1,000 arrested
  • 1968 Couve de Murville forms government in France
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 As the 'marching season' reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many families in Belfast are forced to move from their homes
  • 1970 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway

Historic Event

1970 Thor Heyerdahl crosses the Atlantic ocean on the raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco after 57 days

  • 1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
  • 1972 Democrats nominated George McGovern for US president in Miami, Florida
  • 1972 Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States
  • 1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
  • 1975 Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire
  • 1975 Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • 1977 John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Ian Paice joins Whitesnake
  • 1979 Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK
  • 1982 Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs
  • 1982 FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail
  • 1983 Chad government troops reconquer Abéché
  • 1984 A car bomb set off by the military wing of the ANC, explodes in Durban South Africa killing 5 and injuring 27 people

Appointment of Interest

1984 Geraldine Ferraro becomes the 1st US female major-party vice-presidential candidate, after Walter Mondale selects her as his Democratic Party running mate

Historic Event

1985 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

  • 1985 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • 1986 Steven McDonald, New York City Police Department patrolman, is shot and paralyzed by Shavod Jones
  • 1987 1st time in 20 years a delegation from USSR lands in Israel
  • 1987 50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar
  • 1988 USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit

Historic Event

1990 Boris Yeltsin quits the Soviet Communist Party

  • 1990 In Soweto, South Africa, Shanty town women strip to the waist and confront bulldozers sent by authorities to demolish their homes
  • 1993 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed
  • 1994 Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins

Album Release

1995 Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, "Enrique Iglesias"

  • 1996 Start of 1st "Super 8's" tournament in Kuala Lumpur

Historic Event

1998 South African President Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London

  • 2006 Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.
  • 2008 Canadian harness racer John Campbell wins his 10,000th race as a driver by guiding 'Share the Delight' to victory in the 6th race at Meadowlands Racetrack
  • 2012 200 people are killed by the Syrian army in Tremseh
  • 2012 90-155 people are killed after an oil tanker crashes and explodes in Okogbe, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • 2013 8 people are killed after a commuter train derails in Paris

United Nations Speech

2013 Malala Yousafzai addresses the United Nations and calls for worldwide access to education

Historic Event

2016 Bernie Sanders endorses fellow Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton in a speech in New Hampshire

  • 2017 World's largest iceberg (later christened A68) breaks away from Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica, about 6,000 sq km in length
  • 2018 Chemical plant explosion in Jiangan County, Sichuan Province, China, kills at least 19
  • 2018 Republic of Ireland will be the first country to sell off its investments in fossil fuel companies after passing legislation in parliament

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump arrives in the UK for a four-day visit amid protests

  • 2018 World's longest fingernails cut off; Shridhar Chillal's nails measured 909.6cm after growing for 66 years
  • 2021 At least 92 people die in a fire in a COVID-19 hospital ward in Iraqi city of Nasiriya