On This Day

Events in History on July 15

  • 971 According to legend English saint Swithun is reburied inside Winchester Cathedral (against his wishes), whereby a terrible storm proceeds to rain for 40 days and nights
  • 1099 City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitudea and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1207 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.

King of England King John
King of England
King John

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1240 A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1307 Duke Henrik of Corinthia chosen as King of Bohemia

Poll Tax Triggers the Peasants' RevoltPoll Tax Triggers the Peasants' Revolt

1381 John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hung, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England

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King Richard addresses the peasants. Wat Tyler lies wounded behind him. Illustration from a medieval manuscript.
King Richard addresses the peasants. Wat Tyler lies wounded behind him. Illustration from a medieval manuscript.
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Battle of InterestBattle of Grunwald

1410 Battle of Grunwald (First Battle of Tannenburg, Battle of Žalgiris), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen

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Battle of Grunwald, a painting by Jan Matejko
Battle of Grunwald, a painting by Jan Matejko
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  • 1500 Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1500 Baglione family massacre at the "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione and Lavinia Colonna in Perugia
  • 1501 Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral arrives back in Lisbon after successfully discovering Brazil and returning from India
  • 1524 Emperor Charles I bans German national synode
  • 1538 Peace talks between Charles I and King Francois I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1662 King Charles II charters Royal Society in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1741 Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska
  • 1755 French ambassador recalled from London

  • 1779 American troops under General A Wayne conquer Fort Stony Point, NY
  • 1783 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1787 Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1789 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris

Historic CommunicationRosetta Stone

1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign

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The Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone
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  • 1806 Zebulon Pike begins his journey to explore the American Southwest
  • 1808 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1815 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome
  • 1830 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 1840 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1850 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • 1856 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862 CSS Arkansas vs USS Carondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo River
  • 1863 President Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1867 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • 1869 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created

  • 1870 Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • 1888 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years

InventionScientific Discovery

1898 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1900 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • 1904 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • 1906 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
  • 1911 46" of rain (beginning 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • 1914 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 1915 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • 1915 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1916 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle, Washington

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • 1920 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • 1922 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at Bronx Zoological Park, New York City
  • 1923 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • 1926 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • 1927 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police

  • 1929 1st airport hotel opens at Oakland, California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Wiley Post begins 1st solo flight around the world (takes 7d and 19hrs)

Aviator Wiley Post
Wiley Post
  • 1934 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • 1936 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • 1937 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • 1937 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • 1939 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • 1940 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

Physicist James Chadwick
James Chadwick
  • 1942 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • 1942 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • 1944 Greenwich Royal Observatory in London damaged by WW II flying bomb [1]
  • 1946 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • 1948 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman nominated for his 1st full term at Democratic Convention (Philadelphia Convention Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • 1952 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins

  • 1953 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • 1954 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
  • 1954 1st commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)
  • 1955 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • 1956 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1957 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • 1960 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • 1961 Spain accepts equal rights for men and women
  • 1962 Algeria becomes member of Arab League
  • 1962 Netherlands and Indonesia reach agreement over New Guinea
  • 1964 Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans
  • 1965 "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
  • 1965 Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece
  • 1967 LA Wolves beat Washington Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Association champions
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Commercial air travel begins between US & USSR
  • 1968 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

  • 1968 NJ Americans moved to Comack & become NY Nets (ABA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces he will visit the People's Republic of China

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Military coup on Cyprus: archbishop, President Makarios flees
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 launched; will rendezvous 2 days later
  • 1976 36-hr kidnap of 26 school children and their bus driver in California
  • 1979 Morarji Desai resigns as premier of India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Billy Carter, the brother of US President Jimmy Carter, registers as a foreign agent of the Libyan government after it was revealed they paid him hundreds of thousands of dollars

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1982 Body of Wendy Caulfield, 1st Green River victim, found near Seattle
  • 1982 Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via Dyess AFB, Texas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Senate confirms George P. Shultz as US 60th Secretary of State by vote of 97-0

US Secretary of State George P. Shultz
US Secretary of State
George P. Shultz
  • 1983 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France
  • 1987 John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings
  • 1987 State of siege ends in Taiwan
  • 1991 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1991 US troops leave northern Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1992 The Security Council of the UN examine violence in South Africa
  • 1994 Gyula Horn sworn in as premier of Hungary
  • 1994 Israel and Jordan agree to talks in Washington, D.C. on July 25th
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs 3K (8:21.64)

Murder of InterestRwandan Genocide

1994 Hundreds of thousands of Hutus flee to Zaire in the Congo near the end of the Rwandan Genocide

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Skulls of genocide victims at the Nyamata Memorial Site in Rwanda
Skulls of genocide victims at the Nyamata Memorial Site in Rwanda
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  • 1995 Northern Virginia begins using new area code 540
  • 1996 Southern Mexico hit with 6.5 earthquake
  • 1996 A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport
  • 1998 Donatella Versace launches her first couture collection for her brother's Versace label, a year after his murder
  • 1999 Scientists uncover possible reason for SS Waratah's disappearance 100 years later; The SS Waratah was a luxury steamer which did not reach its destination in 1909, and no trace of the wreckage was ever found
  • 2002 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is elected 11th President of India (results announced 18th July)
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony
  • 2002 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
  • 2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
  • 2009 A 7.9 Magnitude earthquake registers 160km west of Invercargill, New Zealand, creating a small tsunami
  • 2012 39 pilgrims are killed in a bus crash in Parasi, Nepal
  • 2012 A Russian Soyuz rocket with an international team launches for a mission to the International Space Station
  • 2013 13 people are killed by a car bomb in Deir Atiyah, Syria
  • 2014 20 people are killed & 100 are injured after a train derails in Moscow
  • 2014 Israel announces it has officially voted to accept the ceasefire proposed by Egypt; Hamas reject, saying they were not consulted
  • 2016 Attempted military coup in Turkey fails, nearly 300 killed, 6,000 then arrested
  • 2017 Australian Justine Damond killed by Minneapolis police officer after calling 911 for a disturbance
  • 2018 8-year-old girl finds pre-Viking-era sword in Vidostern lake, Sweden, internet proclaims her Queen of Sweden
  • 2020 Heavy monsoon flooding in Indian north-eastern state of Assam affects more than 2 million people, kills more than 50