Events in History on July 17

  • 180 6 inhabitants of Carthage, North Africa executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in this part of the world.
  • 561 John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I
  • 855 St Leo IV dies, ending his reign as Catholic Pope; he will be succeeded by Benedict III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1054 Holy Roman Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV king

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1070 Arnulf III the Hapless becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1203 Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade, Crusaders aboad a Venetian fleet attack the city
  • 1245 Pope bans Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time
  • 1393 Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1429 Dauphin crowned King Charles VII of France (despite having been king since 1422)
  • 1453 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the 100 Years' War
  • 1473 Charles the Stout conquers Nijmegen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 Martin Luther enters into an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1509 Venice recaptures Padua
  • 1549 Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
  • 1552 Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1583 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1585 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1596 At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 Sir Walter Raleigh arrested by forces of King James

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1686 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defense, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • 1712 Great Britain, Portugal and France sign ceasefire [or 19th]
  • 1727 Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1740 Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV

MurderMurder of Interest

1762 Catherine II becomes tsarina of Russia following the murder of Peter III

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Captain James Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 1st military hospital approved
  • 1791 Members of the French National Guard under command of General Lafayette open fire on crowd of radical Jacobins at Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing up to 50 people
  • 1794 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church
  • 1816 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1821 Spain cedes Florida to the US
  • 1841 British humorous and satirical magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002
  • 1850 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • 1856 The Great Train Wreck of 1856 between Camp Hill and Fort Washington, Pennsylvania kills over 60 people
  • 1858 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room
  • 1861 US Congress authorizes paper money
  • 1861 At Manassas, Virginia General Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, General Johnston is ordered to Manassas
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River Mississippi: USS Potomac Expedition
  • 1862 US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • 1862 United army officially divides corps
  • 1862 John Hunt Morgan's raid reaches Cynthiana, Kentucky
  • 1863 Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • 1863 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • 1864 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • 1866 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1867 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • 1878 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • 1879 1st railroad opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1897 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • 1898 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • 1900 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas

  • 1902 Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia
  • 1903 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1906 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1911 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • 1912 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • 1915 Italian offensive at Isonzo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

ExecutionExecution of the Romanovs

1918 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia
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  • 1919 Finland adopts constitution
  • 1919 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • 1922 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto
  • 1923 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • 1925 Tris Speaker, is 5th to get 3,000 hits

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:11.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1929 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China
  • 1933 After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Germany under mysterious circumstances
  • 1935 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake
  • 1942 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • 1942 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1942 Transport #6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • 1944 2 ammunition ships explode at Port Chicago, California, killing 322
  • 1944 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • 1948 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • 1948 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

1948 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
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  • 1950 Indonesian troops land on Buru, South-Molukka
  • 1950 Suppression of Communism Act comes into force in South Africa
  • 1951 Leopold III, King of the Belgians, abdicates in favour of his son Boudouin I
  • 1951 Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts, is chartered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Shah of Persia Mohammed Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1954 Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany
  • 1955 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • 1958 King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation
  • 1958 Peter Shaffer's "Five Finger Exercise" premieres in London
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1959 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
  • 1959 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • 1959 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)

InventionScientific Discovery

1959 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1961 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • 1962 East Berliner Peter Fechter flees over Berlin Wall
  • 1962 Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft)
  • 1962 Senate rejects medicare for aged
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Don Campbell sets record for turbine vehicle, 690.91 kph (429.31 mph)
  • 1964 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 ANC leader Nelson Mandela, recently sentenced to life imprisonment, is awarded the Joliot Curie Gold Medal for Peace

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1966 Indians set club record by hitting 7 HR in 15-2 win over Detroit
  • 1966 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3m51s3)
  • 1967 Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act
  • 1967 Race riots in Cairo Illinois
  • 1968 Bloodless coup in Iraq led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  • 1972 1st 2 women begin training as FBI agents at Quantico
  • 1973 Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees
  • 1974 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1975 Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 make 1st US/USSR linkup in space
  • 1975 Four British soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote-controlled bomb near Forkill, County Armagh; attack the first major breach of a February truce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
Suharto
  • 1979 David Gower 200* in England score of 5-633 v India at Edgbaston
  • 1979 Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle flees to Miami
  • 1979 Sebastian Coe runs world record 3:49 mile in Oslo
  • 1979 Simone Veil becomes chairman of European Parliament
  • 1980 Bolivian military coup; General Garcia Meza becomes president

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1980 Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for US president

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1980 Zenko Suzuki becomes Premier of Japan
  • 1981 Humber Estuary Bridge in UK opens, world's longest span (1.4 km)
  • 1981 Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut
  • 1981 Lobby walkways at Kansas City's Hyatt Regency hotel collapse killing 114 and injuring over 200
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta
  • 1981 Glasdrumman ambush: the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a British Army post in South Armagh, killing 1 soldier and injuring another
  • 1983 1st USFL championship (Mich Panthers beats Philadelphia Stars 24-22)
  • 1984 Pierre Mauroy resigns as Premier of France
  • 1984 Soyuz T-12 carries 3 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 7
  • 1984 US passes National Minimum Drinking Age Act, prohibiting under 21's from buying or possessing alcohol as a condition of receiving State highway funds
  • 1986 Emmy 13th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 7th time
  • 1987 10 teens die in Guadalupe River flood (Comfort, Tx)
  • 1987 Don Mattingly is 2nd to hit HRs in 7 straight AL games (en route to 8)
  • 1987 Dow Jones closes above 2,500 (2,510.04) for 1st time
  • 1987 Iran and France break diplomatic relations
  • 1988 4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute
  • 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets 100m woman's record (10.49)
  • 1988 Highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco, 103°F (39°C)
  • 1989 1st test flight of US stealth bomber
  • 1989 Reds reliever Kent Tekulve retires after 1,070 appearances
  • 1990 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1992 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1994 French youngster (4) becomes Buddhist Lama Tulkou Kalou Rinpoche

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Hulk Hogan beats Ric Flair to win WCW wrestling championship

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Forbes Magazine announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world with a net worth of $12.9 billion dollars

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates
  • 1996 Paris-bound flight TWA 800, explodes off the coast of Long Island, New York, killing all 230 on board the Boeing 747
  • 1997 STS 94 (Columbia 23), lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Russia buries Tsar Nicholas II and family, 80 years after they died

  • 2004 Former South African President Nelson Mandela calls for commitment by the world to take action against AIDS

Sport awardSports Awards

2005 13th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Annika Sörenstam win

Professional Cyclist and Drug Cheat Lance Armstrong
Professional Cyclist and Drug Cheat
Lance Armstrong
  • 2007 TAM Airlines (TAM Linhas Aéreas) Flight 3054 crashes upon landing during rain in São Paulo. Brazil's deadliest aviation accident to date with estimated 199 deaths.
  • 2009 Jakarta double bombings at the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton Hotels killed 9 people including 4 foreigners
  • 2012 17 people are wounded in a bar shooting in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • 2013 7 people are killed by a car bomb in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 58 people are killed in floods in Sichuan Province, China
  • 2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 is shot down over Eastern Ukraine by a Buk surface-to-air missile launched from pro-Russian separatist-controlled territory, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board
  • 2014 5 hour humanitarian ceasefire, proposed by the UN, takes place between Israel and Hamas
  • 2015 Suicide bomber in Khan Bani Saad, Iraq, kills 120, ISIS claims responsibilty
  • 2015 Scientists solve mystery of sleeping sickness in two villages in northern Kazakhstan - uranium mining had caused increase in carbon monoxide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 17 works by Swiss architect Le Corbusier included in UNESCO World Heritage sites list as "an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement"

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 2017 The Muppets Studio in firing the voice of Kermit the Frog, Steve Whitmire, blame his “unacceptable business conduct”

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Barack Obama gives speech honoring Nelson Mandela and warning of "strongman politics" in Johannesburg, South Africa

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 2018 Oldest evidence of bread, made from wild grains, discovered by archaeologists in 14,000 year-old dig in the Black Desert, Jordon