On This Day

Events in History on July 18

  • 390 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leads to subsequent sacking of Rome

RomanRoman Empire

64 Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1290 King Edward I orders expulsion of Jews from England, this edict will remain in place for 350 years

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I


1323 Pope John XXII proclaims theologian Thomas Aquinas a saint in Avignon

  • 1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone
  • 1536 Pope's authority declared void in England
  • 1572 Willem of Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
  • 1630 Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1656 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir and occupies Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1696 Tsar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1716 Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1743 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham, Massachusetts
  • 1766 Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1768 Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song", America's 1st patriotic song

  • 1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisconsin)
  • 1853 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
  • 1861 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Newburgh, Indiana - captured by Union forces
  • 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner, South Carolina - Second assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1870 Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council officially proclaim the concept of papal infallibility
  • 1872 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes made openly
  • 1882 Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 1892 First human test of a vaccine against cholera; Ukrainian bacteriologist Waldemar Huffkine risks his life by testing it on himself
  • 1897 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1913 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Second Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with over 80,000 casualties
  • 1918 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • 1921 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago

  • 1923 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • 1924 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice")

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1926 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • 1932 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty
  • 1932 US and Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
  • 1935 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

Historic DiscoveryOops, Wrong Way!

1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California

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Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan with his "Sunshine", at Baldonnel Aerodrome, Ireland
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Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1940 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • 1942 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • 1943 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • 1944 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • 1944 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • 1944 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne and Berlin
  • 1944 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland

  • 1944 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944 Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • 1944 US troop march into St Lo
  • 1947 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • 1947 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
  • 1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution
  • 1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • 1955 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • 1956 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1960 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • 1960 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • 1961 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • 1963 Failed military coup in Syria
  • 1963 The United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid releases its second interim report pressing for international sanctions against South Africa, particularly the supply of arms, ammunition and petroleum
  • 1964 Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Brooklyn)
  • 1965 Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
  • 1966 Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old

  • 1966 Gemini 10 launches John Young & Michael Collins
  • 1967 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • 1970 Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
  • 1970 Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time
  • 1972 200,000 attend Mt Pocono rock festival in Penns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat throws out 20,000 Russian military aides

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1972 Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 and 102, Gloucs v Essex
  • 1972 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1974 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 World's tallest structure, 646 metre Polish radio mast, completed
  • 1976 Stockhausens "Sirius" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Thiokol conducts 2-min firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Ut
  • 1977 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • 1977 Vietnam becomes a member of the UN
  • 1978 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • 1979 Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly, France

  • 1980 Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
  • 1980 Quett Masire installed as President of Botswana
  • 1980 Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
  • 1981 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
  • 1983 Despite being in 1st place in NL East, Phils fire manager Pat Corrales

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1984 Walter Mondale wins the Democratic Party presidential nomination in San Francisco

42nd Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale
42nd Vice President of the United States
Walter Mondale
  • 1984 21 people are killed and 19 are injured in a massacre in a McDonalds restaurant in San Ysidro, California; it ends with the shooting of its perpetrator, James Oliver Huberty
  • 1985 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1986 Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains
  • 1987 Molly Yard elected new President of National Organization for Women
  • 1988 Abu Nidal terrorists kill 9 on cruise ship City of Poros
  • 1989 48 cm rainfall at Rockport, West Virginia (state record)
  • 1992 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima, Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Afghan President Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resign

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif
  • 1993 Liberal-Democratic Party loses Japan's parliamentary election
  • 1994 Bomb attack on Jewish center AMIA in Buenos Aires, 86 killed
  • 1994 Comet Shoemaker-Levy's largest collision with Jupiter leaves black spot 12,000 km across
  • 1994 Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons
  • 1995 DC3 crashes at Antananarivo, Madagascar, 34 die

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1995 "Dreams from My Father", a memoir by Barack Obama is published by Times Books

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama

  • 1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec's costliest natural disasters ever
  • 1996 The UN approves an Iraqi aid distribution plan, a major step forward in the direction of allowing Iraq to sell oil under Resolution 986
  • 2009 Five members of one family are found murdered at Epping, New South Wales.
  • 2012 6 Israeli tourists are killed and 30 injured after a bomb explodes on a tourist bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria
  • 2012 14 people are killed after a bomb explosion at Pakistan's Orakzai Agency
  • 2012 Violence across Syria results in 97 deaths
  • 2012 Syrian suicide bombing kills three high profile government officials, including Syria's Minister of Defence
  • 2012 24 people are killed after a ferry sinks off the coast of Zanzibar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Kim Jong-un is officially appointed Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People's Army

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-un
  • 2013 Detroit, Michigan, files for bankruptcy, becoming the largest US municipal bankruptcy ever at $18.5 billion
  • 2014 The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) call 18,000 additional reserves soldiers in campaign against Gaza
  • 2015 "The Sun" newspaper in Britain controversially publishes old picture and video of Queen Elizabeth giving Nazi salute in 1933
  • 2015 PayPal is spun off from eBay as a separate publicly traded company on the NASDAQ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Elon Musk apologises for calling British caver diver in Thai rescue "pedo guy" after widespread criticism and fall in Tesla stock price

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Elon Musk
  • 2018 Google fined record $5.1 billion by the EU for abusing its power in mobile phone market
  • 2018 44 Forest fires in Sweden as far north as the Arctic Circle prompt Swedish government to request extra assistance, with drought and warm weather to blame
  • 2018 Turkey ends its two-year State of Emergency
  • 2018 New Earth geological age announced, the Meghalayan Age 4,200 years ago to the present, by the International Commission on Stratigraphy
  • 2018 Seventeen men charged with the gang-rape of a 12-year old girl in Chennai, India
  • 2018 Lava from Kilauea volcano eruption has now destroyed 700 homes and added 700 acres to Big Island confirms Hawaii National Guard
  • 2018 Nicaraguan government announces Masaya is back under its control after violent clashes with anti-government protesters
  • 2019 Arson attack on animated studio Kyoto Animation Co in Kyoto, Japan, kills at least 33
  • 2019 Children's songs "Baby Shark" and "Raining Tacos" used by City of West Palm Beach, Florida to drive away homeless people from the waterfront
  • 2019 One of world's earliest mosques at 1,200 years old discovered by archaeologists in Israel's Negev Desert
  • 2019 June 2019 was the hottest June on record with average worldwide temperature of 61.6F (16.4C) according to The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration