Events in History on July 19

  • 64 Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 532 Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle
  • 711 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic
  • 1195 Battle at Alarcos: Almohads led by Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur defeats army of Alfonso VIII of Castile

Historic Event

1324 Mansa Musa, ruler of the Mali Empire, arrives in Cairo on his way to Mecca, with a procession of 600,000 men, 12,000 slaves and 80 camels carrying 136 kg (300 pounds) of gold each

  • 1380 Thomas of Buckingham's invasion army lands on Calais

Historic Event

1425 Duke John VI of Brabant pledges Holland/Zealand to Philip the Good

  • 1510 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia
  • 1524 Peasants' War begins in Germany's Black Forest
  • 1525 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1544 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne begins

Historic Event

1545 King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die

  • 1551 Treaty of Karlsburg: arch duke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary/Transsylvania

Historic Event

1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days

Historic Event

1569 Albert Frederick becomes Duke of Prussia

  • 1572 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • 1575 Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater

Historic Event

1590 King Philip II's secretary Antonio Perez escapes jail

Historic Event

1595 Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

  • 1599 Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1639 French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan

Historic Event

1674 Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes, Spinoza and Meyer

  • 1688 Soldiers killed governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo

Salem Witch Trials

1692 5 more people are hanged for witchcraft (19 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts

Historic Event

1702 Great Northern War: Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

  • 1760 The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders
  • 1816 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days

Historic Event

1836 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Ascension Island

SS Great Britain

1843 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

  • 1845 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 1848 German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • 1850 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • 1860 1st railroad reaches Kansas
  • 1863 Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • 1864 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • 1867 Dutch Red Cross forms

Historic Event

1867 US Congress passes 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

Historic Event

1869 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

  • 1870 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1875 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick children, makes trial trip, NYC
  • 1880 San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 1899 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • 1904 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 1905 Llamas war party attacks group of 60, fleeing French mission at Tzekou, (Chinese-Tibetan border) murdering most with Scottish botanist George Forrest escaping by hiding for nine days [1]
  • 1907 Under pressure from the Japanese, the Emperor of Korea abdicates in favor of his son, a figurehead
  • 1912 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town
  • 1915 Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • 1915 The Washington Senators set a MLB record 8 stolen bases in an innings (1st) in 11-4 win v Cleveland
  • 1918 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1919 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1923 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • 1928 King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament

Historic Expedition

1930 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

  • 1936 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 1937 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • 1939 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures

Historic Event

1940 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender - they decline

  • 1940 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • 1941 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Historic Event

1941 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Historic Event

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)

  • 1943 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
  • 1944 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 1944 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • 1944 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
  • 1944 Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem
  • 1944 Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
  • 1944 Democratic convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho and Shokaku sink in Marianas
  • 1944 NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe

Meeting of Interest

1944 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Adolf Eichmann

Historic Event

1944 US general Omar Bradley flies to England

  • 1945 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue

Assassination

1947 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

  • 1948 French government of Schuman resigns
  • 1949 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • 1950 French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh

Catholic Encyclical

1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Summi maeroris

  • 1952 Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
  • 1952 India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
  • 1955 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • 1955 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • 1956 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • 1957 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • 1962 Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
  • 1963 NASA civilian Test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 105 km
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 France performs nuclear Test at Fangataufa Island
  • 1966 Governor James Rhodes declares state of emergency in Cleveland (race riot)
  • 1967 1st air conditioned NYC subway car (R-38 on the F line)
  • 1967 Race riots in Durham, North Carolina
  • 1967 US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)
  • 1971 Sudan military coup under maj Hashem al-Atta, Numeiry flees
  • 1974 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 14 lands back on earth
  • 1975 Apollo and Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate
  • 1976 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1977 Floods in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kill 76
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1979 2 supertankers collide off Tobago-260,000 tons of oil spill

Historic Event

1979 Nicaragua Liberation Day; Sandinistas take over from Anastasio Somoza Debayle

  • 1979 Patricia Harris becomes sect of HEW
  • 1980 USSR's Walter Polovchak is placed in US custody at 12 after his asylum application
  • 1982 Bolivian government resigns
  • 1982 David S Dodge becomes 1st American hostage in Lebanon
  • 1983 The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1984 1st female to captain a 747 across Atlantic (Lynn Rippelmeyer)

Historic Event

1984 Geraldine Ferraro (US Representative, New York), becomes the 1st US female major-party vice-presidential nominee, officially joining Walter Mondale's Democratic Party ticket

  • 1985 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • 1985 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.

Baseball Record

1987 Don Mattingly sets AL record of extra base hits in 10 cons games

  • 1989 United Airlines DC-10 crashes at Sioux City Iowa, kills 112
  • 1990 BASF plant in Cincinnati explodes in flames, 1 dies
  • 1990 Richard Nixon library opens in Yorba Linda, California
  • 1992 Ebony P Warren, crowned 24th Miss Black America
  • 1993 Glen Chapple (Lancs) scores fastest F-C century, 21 minutes

Historic Event

1993 President Clinton fires FBI director William s. Sessions

  • 1994 1st game ever cancelled at Seattle Kingdome (falling tiles)
  • 1994 Bomb explosion in Alas Airlines at Colon Panama, 21 killed
  • 1994 Leonid Kvetjsma sworn in as Ukraine president
  • 1996 Jason Gallian scores 312 in 683 mins for Lancashire v Derbyshire
  • 2001 Michael Brunet discovers the skull of Sahelanthropus tchadensis in the Djurab Desert, Chad. One of the oldest known species in the human family tree, 6-7 million years ago years old
  • 2009 The Wesley Impact: black spot the size of Earth discovered on Jupiter after unknown object crashed onto the planet
  • 2013 20 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Diyala, Iraq
  • 2015 World Health Organization puts world's Ebola death toll at 11,284
  • 2017 "Depacito" by Luis Fonsi ft. Daddy Yankee becomes the most streamed song ever, played 4.6 billion times
  • 2017 Archaeological dig in Kakadu National Park extends Aboriginal peoples time in Australia to 65,000 to 80,000 years ago

Historic Event

2017 Investigators using DNA identify 16 year-old James Byron Haakenson as a victim of serial killer John Wayne Gacy, 41 years after his disappearance

  • 2017 US scientists calculate total amount plastic ever produced - 8.3 billion tonnes, equal to weight of 1 billion elephants

Historic Event

2017 US Senator John McCain diagnosed with brain cancer

  • 2018 A duck boat sinks in Table Rock Lake, Missouri, drowning 17 people

Whale of a Plane!

2018 Airbus Beluga XL, painted to look like the whale, makes its first flight, landing in Toulouse-Blagnac, France

  • 2018 First commercial flight, the "bird of peace" between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 20 years lands in Asmara, Eritrea, reuniting families
  • 2018 Israel's parliament passes controversial "nation state" law giving only Jews self-determination, relegating Arabic to "special status"
  • 2018 Largest intact sarcophagus of its kind ever found (2000 years old) opened in Alexandria, contains 3 skeletons, not a curse as feared
  • 2018 Russian ship Dmitri Donskoii, with possible cargo of gold coins is discovered in waters between South Korea and Japan where it sunk in 1905
  • 2019 Heat wave begins across the east of America affecting 100 million people and killing 6, with New York city declaring a state of emergency
  • 2019 Largest wind farm in Africa opens at Lake Turkana, Kenya, generating 310 megawatts
  • 2019 UK oil tanker Stena Impero seized by Iranian Revolutionary Guard in the Strait of Hormuz
  • 2020 First Arab interplanetary mission, the Mars "Hope" orbiter launches on board Japanese H-2A rocket from Tanegashima Space Center

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani says 25 million Iranians already infected with COVID-19, 35 million at risk (official figure just 269,440)

  • 2020 Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler criticizes federal policing of protesters in his city, calling it unconstitutional
  • 2021 Bomb attack on al-Wuhailat market in Baghdad, Iraq, ahead of Eid al-Adha festival, kills 25 people
  • 2021 Peruvian union leader Pedro Castillo declared winner of the country's presidential election (11 April), defeating Keiko Fujimori by only 44,000 votes
  • 2021 UK lifts most COVID-19 restrictions on so-called "Freedom Day" despite 50,000 new daily infections
  • 2022 Temperatures exceed 40°C in parts of England for 1st time ever