On This Day

Events in History on July 19

  • 64 Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 532 Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle
  • 711 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic
  • 1195 Battle at Alarcos: Almohaden beats Alfons VIII of Castilia
  • 1380 Thomas of Buckingham's invasion army lands on Calais
  • 1425 Duke John VI of Brabant pledges Holland/Zealand to Philip the Good
  • 1510 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia
  • 1524 Peasants' War begins in Germany's Black Forest
  • 1525 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1544 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1545 King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1551 Treaty of Karlsburg: arch duke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary/Transsylvania
  • 1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1569 Albert Frederick becomes Duke of Prussia

Duke of Prussia Albert Frederick
Duke of Prussia
Albert Frederick
  • 1572 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • 1575 Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater

  • 1590 King Philip II's secretary Antonio Perez escapes jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1595 Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1599 Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1639 French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1674 Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes, Spinoza and Meyer

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Philosopher
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1688 Soldiers killed governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 5 more people are hanged for witchcraft (20 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts
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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
  • 1702 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow
  • 1760 The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders
  • 1816 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Ascension Island

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

BoatSS Great Britain

1843 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world
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A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
  • 1845 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1848 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1848 German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • 1850 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • 1860 1st railroad reaches Kansas
  • 1863 Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • 1864 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US Congress passes 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

  • 1867 Dutch Red Cross forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1870 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1875 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick children, makes trial trip, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1880 San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 1899 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • 1904 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 1907 Under pressure from the Japanese, the Emperor of Korea abdicates in favor of his son, a figurehead
  • 1912 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town
  • 1915 Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • 1915 The Washington Senators set a MLB record 8 stolen bases in an innings (1st) in 11-4 win v Cleveland
  • 1918 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1919 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1923 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • 1928 King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1930 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • 1936 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 1937 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • 1939 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • 1941 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
  • 1944 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 1944 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • 1944 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
  • 1944 Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
  • 1944 Democratic convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US general Omar Bradley flies to England

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1944 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho and Shokaku sink in Marianas
  • 1944 NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Adolf Eichmann

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • 1945 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • 1947 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries
  • 1948 French government of Schuman resigns
  • 1949 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • 1950 French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Summi maeroris
  • 1952 Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
  • 1952 India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
  • 1955 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • 1955 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • 1956 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • 1957 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • 1962 Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
  • 1963 NASA civilian Test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 105 km
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 France performs nuclear Test at Fangataufa Island

  • 1966 Governor James Rhodes declares state of emergency in Cleveland (race riot)
  • 1967 1st air conditioned NYC subway car (R-38 on the F line)
  • 1967 Race riots in Durham, North Carolina
  • 1967 US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)

Historic ExpeditionApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit
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Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
  • 1971 Sudan military coup under maj Hashem al-Atta, Numeiry flees
  • 1974 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 14 lands back on earth
  • 1975 Apollo and Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate
  • 1976 Allman Brother's roadie Scooter Herring sentenced to 75 years for providing drugs for the group, based on Gregg Allman's testimony
  • 1976 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1977 Floods in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kill 76
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1979 2 supertankers collide off Tobago-260,000 tons of oil spill
  • 1979 Nicaragua Liberation Day; Sandinistas take over from Anastasio Somoza Debayle
  • 1979 Patricia Harris becomes sect of HEW
  • 1980 USSR's Walter Polovchak is placed in US custody at 12 after his asylum application
  • 1982 1st Old Timer's All star classic - AL wins 7-2 in Washington, D.C.
  • 1982 Bolivian government resigns
  • 1982 David S Dodge becomes 1st American hostage in Lebanon
  • 1982 1st annual Cracker Jack Oldtimers Classic 75-year-old Luke Appling hits a 250-foot HR off Warren Spahn, AL beats NL 7-2
  • 1983 The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1984 1st female to captain a 747 across Atlantic (Lynn Rippelmeyer)
  • 1984 Geraldine A Ferraro, (Rep-D-NY), wins Democratic VP nomination
  • 1985 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • 1985 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 1987 Don Mattingly sets AL record of extra base hits in 10 cons games
  • 1989 United Airlines DC-10 crashes at Sioux City Iowa, kills 112
  • 1990 BASF plant in Cincinnati explodes in flames, 1 dies
  • 1990 Richard Nixon library opens in Yorba Linda, California
  • 1992 Ebony P Warren, crowned 24th Miss Black America

  • 1993 Glen Chapple (Lancs) scores fastest F-C century, 21 minutes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 President Clinton fires FBI director William s. Sessions

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1994 1st game ever cancelled at Seattle Kingdome (falling tiles)
  • 1994 Bomb explosion in Alas Airlines at Colon Panama, 21 killed
  • 1994 Leonid Kvetjsma sworn in as Ukraine president
  • 1996 Jason Gallian scores 312 in 683 mins for Lancashire v Derbyshire
  • 2001 Michael Brunet discovers the skull of Sahelanthropus tchadensis in the Djurab Desert, Chad. One of the oldest known species in the human family tree, 6-7 million years ago years old
  • 2009 The Wesley Impact: black spot the size of Earth discovered on Jupiter after unknown object crashed onto the planet

Sport awardSports Awards

2009 17th ESPY Awards: Michael Phelps, Nastia Liukin wins

  • 2013 20 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Diyala, Iraq
  • 2015 World Health Organization puts world's Ebola death toll at 11,284
  • 2017 US scientists calculate total amount plastic ever produced - 8.3 billion tonnes, equal to weight of 1 billion elephants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US Senator John McCain diagnosed with brain cancer

US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain
  • 2017 "Depacito" by Luis Fonsi ft. Daddy Yankee becomes the most streamed song ever, played 4.6 billion times
  • 2017 Archaeological dig in Kakadu National Park extends Aboriginal peoples time in Australia to 65,000 to 80,000 years ago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Investigators using DNA identify 16 year-old James Byron Haakenson as a victim of serial killer John Wayne Gacy, 41 years after his disappearance

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 2018 Israel's parliament passes controversial "nation state" law giving only Jews self-determination, relegating Arabic to "special status"
  • 2018 First commercial flight, the "bird of peace" between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 20 years lands in Asmara, Eritrea, reuniting families
  • 2018 Largest intact sarcophagus of its kind ever found (2000 years old) opened in Alexandria, contains 3 skeletons, not a curse as feared

PlaneWhale of a Plane!

2018 Airbus Beluga XL, painted to look like the whale, makes its first flight, landing in Toulouse-Blagnac, France
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The Airbus Beluga XL, built to transport large aircraft pieces
The Airbus Beluga XL, built to transport large aircraft pieces
  • 2018 Russian ship Dmitri Donskoii, with possible cargo of gold coins is discovered in waters between South Korea and Japan where it sunk in 1905
  • 2019 Largest wind farm in Africa opens at Lake Turkana, Kenya, generating 310 megawatts
  • 2019 UK oil tanker Stena Impero seized by Iranian Revolutionary Guard in the Strait of Hormuz
  • 2019 Heat wave begins across the east of America affecting 100 million people and killing 6, with New York city declaring a state of emergency
  • 2020 First Arab interplanetary mission, the Mars "Hope" orbiter launches on board Japanese H-2A rocket from Tanegashima Space Center

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani says 25 million Iranians already infected with COVID-19, 35 million at risk (official figure just 269,440)

President of Iran Hassan Rouhani
President of Iran
Hassan Rouhani
  • 2020 Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler criticizes federal policing of protesters in his city, calling it unconstitutional