Events in History on July 23

  • 636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire
  • 685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Historic Siege

1148 Crusaders begin siege of Damascus during Second Crusade (abandoned 28 July)

  • 1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen
  • 1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne, France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch ("Beef") Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg, Germany massacred

Victory in Battle

1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

Historic Event

1532 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

  • 1540 Turkey recognizes John Sigismund Zápolya as vassal king of Hungary
  • 1558 Battle of Grevelingen: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont beat France
  • 1572 William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden

Historic Event

1579 Francis Drake departs San Francisco to cross the Pacific Ocean [1]

  • 1594 Dutch city Groningen held by Spain surrenders to Dutch and England army led by Maurice of Orange
  • 1599 Italian painter Caravaggio gets his first public commission, the Contarelli Chapel in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
  • 1632 Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France
  • 1664 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston
  • 1711 Treaty of Pruth signed ending the Russo-Turkish War (1710-11), Azoz port returned to Ottoman control

Historic Event

1745 Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender", lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides

  • 1764 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation

Historic Event

1777 Polish military leader Casimir Pulaski arrives in Marblehead, Massachusetts, to volunteer in the Continental Army cavalry

  • 1793 The Prussians conquer Mainz

Victory in Battle

1798 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Alexandria, Egypt

  • 1803 Republican Robert Emmet leads Irish rebellion against the British Crown in Dublin
  • 1812 Battle of Mogilev: first significant fighting during Napoleon's invasion of Russia results in minor French victory

1st U.S. Typographer

1829 William Austin Burt patents America's first "typographer" (typewriter)

  • 1833 Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso (Chile)
  • 1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1848 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1850 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K. Hall of NY takes office
  • 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 1852 Private John Brown becomes the 1st interment in the National Cemetery at the Presidio in San Francisco, California
  • 1858 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1862 President Lincoln names Army of the Potomac Gen. Henry Halleck as US Army General-in-Chief
  • 1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London, England

Historic Event

1870 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France

Historic Invention

1872 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

  • 1874 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa
  • 1877 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • 1877 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • 1886 American civilian Steve Brodie allegedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge (135-feet)
  • 1888 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • 1900 First Pan-African Congress meets in London, organized by Trinidadian Henry Sylvester Williams, makes plea for African self-government
  • 1900 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • 1904 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • 1906 Pogroms against Jews in Odessa, Russia
  • 1913 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • 1917 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District established in Greater Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
  • 1921 Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao (among others) form Chinese Communist Party, with guidance from Soviet backed Communist International (Comintern) forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1926 French government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • 1926 National Railway Company of Belgium forms (NMBS/SNCFB)
  • 1929 The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words
  • 1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano in Italy, 1,500 killed
  • 1930 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • 1931 Ashmore & Cartier Islands in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • 1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)

Historic Event

1942 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad

  • 1942 German troops conquer Rostow
  • 1942 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • 1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland
  • 1944 US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
  • 1944 US troops occupy Pisa, Italy

Historic Event

1945 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II goes on trial

Historic Event

1946 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

  • 1947 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
  • 1948 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • 1952 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • 1955 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • 1956 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • 1956 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs
  • 1958 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords (UK)

Historic Event

1959 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit to the USSR

  • 1962 The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed
  • 1964 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1966 Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
  • 1966 Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
  • 1967 -27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
  • 1967 First successful liver transplant, on 19 month old Julie Rodriguez by Dr Starzl at the University of Colorado
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
  • 1968 PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
  • 1968 Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 police officers killed
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 A ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1970 Qaboos bin Said al Said becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa'id ibn Taimur
  • 1971 The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people
  • 1972 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched to document global land use change as a joint NASA / USGS program (later renamed Landsat 1) [1]
  • 1973 Ozark AL Flight 809 knocked out of air by lightning landing in St Louis, killing 38
  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses
  • 1976 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978 Franklin Bradshaw is murdered in Salt Lake City by his grandson Marc Schreuder at the instigation of his mother Frances Schreuder
  • 1978 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas

Historic Event

1980 River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter

  • 1980 Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6
  • 1982 FCC approves AM stereo radio, KTSA San Antonio goes stereo
  • 1982 International Whaling Commission votes for total ban on commercial whaling (starting 1985)
  • 1983 Gimli Glider: Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel and makes a deadstick landing at Gimli, Manitoba.

Meeting of Interest

1986 Moroccan King Hassan II meets with Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres

  • 1987 RNI (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39)
  • 1988 Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton
  • 1989 Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith, Arkansas
  • 1990 South Africa workers' union leader Billy Nair arrested
  • 1991 James Farentino of "Dynasty" arrested in Canada for cocaine possession
  • 1993 China Northwest Airlines BAe146-300 crashes at Yinchuan, 55 killed
  • 1994 All 40,000 ceiling tiles in Kingdome must be replaced
  • 1994 Amy Osmond of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1994 Goodwill Games open in St Petersburg
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-65: Columbia 17, lands after record 14 days 55 mins
  • 1995 Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered and becomes visible to the naked eye nearly a year later
  • 1997 The US State Department rules that Turkey's agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act
  • 1999 ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1999 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father
  • 2005 Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people
  • 2008 Cape Verde joins the World Trade Organization, becoming its 153rd member.
  • 2009 The Bank of Canada announces the end of the recession even though it remains nascent and still dependent on government stimulus money
  • 2012 A series of attacks across Iraq kill 103 people
  • 2013 19 people are killed and 22 are injured after a tour bus collides with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand
  • 2014 20th Commonwealth Games open in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 2014 44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan
  • 2015 NASA's Kepler mission announces discovery of the most Earth-like planet yet - Kepler-452b, 1,400 light years from Earth
  • 2016 Suicide bomb in Kabul kills 80 during a protest march, Islamic State claim responsibility
  • 2018 "Sabrina" by Nick Drnaso becomes 1st graphic novel named to Longlist for Man Booker Prize (best fiction written in English)
  • 2018 250,000 doses of vaccines for children produced by a firm in China faulty according to reports in China
  • 2018 Dam collapses while under construction in Attapeu province, Laos, killing at least 20 with more than 100 missing
  • 2018 Environmental reports finds China on track to reach new emission targets, but carbon dioxide emissions risen - 9.2 billion metric tons in 2017, more than US and Europe combined
  • 2018 International Monetary Fund predicts inflation of 1 million percent in Venezuela by end of 2018
  • 2018 Japan records its highest ever temperature at 41.1 degrees (105.98F) in Kumagaya
  • 2018 Slum homes for 30,000 people demolished to make way for a dual carriage way in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 2019 At least 36 people killed by a mud landslide in Shuicheng county, Guizhou province, China
  • 2019 BHP becomes the first mining company to tackle pollution, says it will invest $400 million to reduce emissions

Historic Event

2019 Boris Johnson is chosen the new British Prime Minister by the ruling Conservative Party to replace Theresa May

  • 2019 Investigation launched after no girls born in three months in 132 villages in Uttarkashi district, India, with sex-selective abortions suspected as the reason
  • 2020 China launches its first mission to Mars, Tianwen-1, a combined orbiter, lander and rover, from Wenchang Launch Site, Hainan Island
  • 2020 South Africa records more than 400,000 COVID-19 cases amid surging infections and decides to shut schools for a month
  • 2020 US confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 4 million with death toll over 143,000. Real number of cases likely up to 13x higher according to CDC.

Historic Event

2020 US President Trump says he could send 75,000 federal agents to deal with violence in American cities like Portland, drawing backlash

  • 2021 At least 164 people die in floods and landslides caused by heavy rain in Indian state of Maharashtra [1]
  • 2021 Indonesia posts a record daily number of COVID-19 deaths at 1,566 [1]
  • 2022 WHO declares monkeypox to be a public health emergency of international concern with 16,000 cases in 75 countries [1]