Events in History on July 25

Roman Empire

306 Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops

  • 864 The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings
  • 1120 Large fire in church of Saint Madeleine of Vézelay, France, kills a thousand pilgrims and seriously damages the church
  • 1139 Count Alfonso I of Portugal proclaimed King
  • 1261 Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for Emperor Michael VIII, re-establishing Byzantine Empire
  • 1360 Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia
  • 1446 Foundation stone laid for King's College Chapel in Cambridge by King Henry VI, one of England's finest medieval buildings (main structure complete 1515) [1]
  • 1510 Spanish conquest of Tripoli by Pedro Navarro for Aragon crown; over 3,000 killed and more than 5,000 inhabitants enslaved

Historic Event

1511 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque first assault the prosperous trading city of Malacca, Malay Peninsula

  • 1519 San Cristobal de la Habana forms in Cuba
  • 1521 About 300 heretics burned in Vrijdagmarkt Gent
  • 1536 Sebastián de Belalcázar on his search of El Dorado founds the City of Santiago de Cali
  • 1538 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil

Royal Coronation

1547 Henry II of France is crowned

Historic Event

1564 Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor

  • 1567 Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela

Treaty of Interest

1570 Battle of Arnay-le-Duc, Burgundy: Huguenot victory forces Charles IX of France to agree to a peace treaty that ends the Third War of Religion

  • 1585 Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics

Historic Event

1593 France's Protestant King Henry IV converts to Roman Catholic faith

  • 1652 Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1670 Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1670 Don Juan Domingo Zuniga y Fonseca becomes governor-general of Southern Netherlands
  • 1693 Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, México
  • 1722 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
  • 1729 North Carolina becomes a royal colony

Historic Event

1745 Jacoibite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides

  • 1758 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken
  • 1759 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War)
  • 1792 Dutch patriots exiles found "Bataafs Legion"
  • 1792 The Brunswick Manifesto issued to population of Paris promising vengeance if French Royal Family harmed
  • 1795 The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is laid

Historic Event

1797 Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain)

Victory in Battle

1799 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir

  • 1814 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British

Railroad History

1814 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher

Royal Coronation

1822 General Agustin de Iturbide crowned Agustin I, 1st Emperor of Mexico

  • 1824 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.

Historic Event

1830 Charles X signs the July Ordinances, suspending freedom of the press, among other effects

  • 1832 1st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Massachusetts, kills 1
  • 1835 Ibrahim Pasha's army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
  • 1837 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
  • 1848 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1850 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • 1853 Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californian bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed by California Rangers

Historic Invention

1854 Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar

  • 1860 1st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs Yale)
  • 1861 Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, New Mexico Territory - Rebels attack Union troops
  • 1861 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • 1863 Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • 1866 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • 1866 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy
  • 1868 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • 1871 Carousel patented by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • 1897 Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories
  • 1898 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rico, at Guanica Bay
  • 1901 Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
  • 1903 Castle on top of Telegraph Hil, San Francisco closes
  • 1907 Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan
  • 1908 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • 1909 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
  • 1912 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • 1913 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • 1913 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • 1914 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1916 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
  • 1917 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
  • 1918 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • 1918 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
  • 1923 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1
  • 1930 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
  • 1934 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • 1936 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • 1938 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • 1938 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • 1939 5th and last Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendriku Colijn, forms

Historic Event

1941 FDR bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan

  • 1942 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • 1943 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Fall of Benito Mussolini

1943 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

  • 1943 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • 1943 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • 1944 1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
  • 1944 Japanese banzai-attack on Guam
  • 1944 Operation Cobra: US forces begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment
  • 1944 World War II: Operation Spring - one of Canada's bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed
  • 1946 US detonates an underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands (5th atomic explosion)
  • 1952 Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)
  • 1953 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • 1956 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket
  • 1956 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • 1957 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.
  • 1959 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • 1960 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels

Historic Event

1961 In a speech, US President John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO

  • 1963 Belgian Senate accept Law on language regulations
  • 1963 US, Russia & Britain sign nuclear Test ban treaty
  • 1964 Race riot in Rochester, NY
  • 1967 Construction begins on San Francisco MUNI METRO (Market Street subway)

Catholic Encyclical

1968 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical "Humanae vitae (Of Human Life)" which rejects any artificial forms of birth control

Historic Event

1969 Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving scene of an accident a week after the Chappaquiddick car accident that killed Mary Jo Kopechne

  • 1972 US health officials concede African American were used as guinea pigs in 40 year syphilis experiment
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 5
  • 1976 Annegret Richter runs 100m (11.01)
  • 1978 The Cerro Maravilla Incident occurs.
  • 1979 109 cm rainfall at Alvin Texas (state record)
  • 1980 Train crash at Winsum, 9 die
  • 1980 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1982 Zail Singh is sworn in as the seventh President of India
  • 1983 1st non-human primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio
  • 1983 Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted $2.25 billion
  • 1984 Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes 1st woman to walk in space
  • 1985 Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • 1985 Uganda suspends constitution following coup
  • 1985 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Sikhs extremist kill 16 hindus in Muhktsar India
  • 1987 R. Venkataraman becomes the eighth President of India
  • 1987 USSR launches Kosmos 1870, 15-ton Earth-study satellite
  • 1990 Nadezhda Ryashkina of USSR sets 10K walk woman's record (41:56.23)
  • 1990 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute
  • 1990 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1991 Howard Stern adds a 4th radio market (KLSX FM-97.1 Los Angeles)
  • 1992 Army refused to overturn 127 year old conviction against Dr Mudd
  • 1993 Israeli offensive against terrorist bases in South Lebanon
  • 1993 The St James' Church massacre in Kenilworth, Cape Town by Azanian Peoples' Liberation Army
  • 1994 Jordan and Israeli end 46 year state of war (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1995 A gas bottle explodes in Saint Michel station of line B of the RER (Paris regional train network). Eight are killed and 80 wounded.
  • 1996 Kim LaPlante of Washington state crowned Mrs United States
  • 1997 Carroll O'Connor found not guilty of slandering Harry Perzigian
  • 1997 Howard Stern is fired from radio station, KEGL Dallas
  • 1997 K. R. Narayanan is sworn-in as India's 10th president and the first Dalit, formerly called "untouchable" to hold the office
  • 1997 Scientists announce the first human stem cells to be cultured in a laboratory using tissue taken from aborted human embryos
  • 1997 Vincent "The Chin" Gigante found guilty of racketeering in NYC
  • 2000 Air France Flight 4590, a Concorde supersonic passenger jet, F-BTSC, crashes just after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and 4 on the ground.
  • 2001 Faced with declining oil prices, OPEC ministers agree to cut crude oil production quotas by about 4%, or 1 million barrels per day
  • 2002 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
  • 2007 Pratibha Patil is sworn in as India's 1st female President
  • 2012 Italy's credit rating is downgraded to CCC+ by Egan-Jones
  • 2012 Ivica Dačić is sworn in as Prime Minister of Serbia
  • 2012 The double dip recession in the UK economy continues with a fall of 0.7% in GDP in the second quarter of 2012
  • 2012 The UK economy returns to recession with a fall of 0.2% in GDP in the first quarter of 2012 following a fall of 0.3% in the last quarter of 2011

Historic Event

2014 Both Israel and Hamas review US Secretary of State John Kerry's proposal for an immediate ceasefire and meetings in Cairo

  • 2014 Israeli airstrike kills leader of Islamic Jihad's military wing, Salah Abu Hassanein
  • 2014 Palestinian officials call for a "Day of Rage" in the West Bank and within Israel against Israel's operation against Gaza; Israeli Defence Force prepares for protests
  • 2016 Verizon announces $4.83 billion purchase of Yahoo
  • 2017 167 African migrants rescued by NGO Proactiva Open Arms off the coast of Libya, 13 perish
  • 2017 Israeli authorities remove new metal detectors from Temple Mount / Haram al-Sharif after Palestinian protests amid rising tensions in Jerusalem
  • 2017 Ram Nath Kovind becomes 14th President of India
  • 2017 Sperm counts have halved in last 40 years says research published in "Human Reproduction Update" journal
  • 2017 Wildfires on France's Mediterranean coast near Bormes-les-Mimosas prompts evacuation of 12,000 people
  • 2018 Liquid lake found on Mars under its South Pole by European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter reported in "Science"
  • 2018 Multiple suicide bombings and attacks by the Islamic State in Sweida and surrounding areas of Syria kill more than 200
  • 2018 Somalia’s attorney general announces country's first prosecution of female genital mutilation after death of a 10-year-old girl
  • 2019 "City killer" Asteroid 2019 OK (187 to 427 ft (57 to 130 m) estimated diameter) passes by almost undetected approximately 45,000 miles away from earth, nearer than the moon
  • 2019 High temperature records set across Europe just one day after previous records set, Paris 42.6C (108.7F), Germany 42.6C (108.6F), Netherlands 40.7C (105.2F), Belgium 40.6C (105.2F)
  • 2019 Highest ever UK temperature of 38.7C (101.6F) recorded in Cambridge, England (record broken in 2022)
  • 2019 Scandal-hit Governor of Puerto Rico Ricardo Rosselló resigns
  • 2019 US Justice department announces resumption of use of the death penalty, scheduling five executions
  • 2019 Worst Mediterranean migrant drownings of the year - boat carrying 250 people capsizes off Libyan coast, with over 100 feared drowned
  • 2020 Cargo ship MV Wakashio runs aground off the coast of Mauritius and begins leaking oil
  • 2020 Hurricane Hanna, 1st of the 2020 season, makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast as a category 1 storm
  • 2020 North Korea reports first 'suspected' case of COVID-19 in city of Kaesong
  • 2021 Typhoon In-Fa (Yanhua) makes landfall in the city of Zhoushan on China's east coast
  • 2022 UN says 209 people killed in gang violence in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, including no-gang members over 10 days, with a further 254 injured with gunshot wounds [1]