Events in History on July 27

  • 432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Battle of Interest

1214 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John "Lackland")

  • 1230 Treaty of San Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX
  • 1280 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China
  • 1298 Albert (Albrecht) I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned King of the Germans
  • 1360 Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby, Gotland

Black Death

1377 First example of quarantine in Rugusa (now Dubroknik); city council passes law saying newcomers from plague areas must isolation for 30 days (later 40 days, quaranta in Italian)

Historic Event

1501 Nicolaus Copernicus formally installed as a canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

  • 1549 1st Christian missionary in Japan, Jesuit priest Francis Xavier reaches Japan but is not permitted to enter any port until 15 August
  • 1563 French army recaptures Le Havre
  • 1566 Tribunal convicts Agnes Waterhouse of witchcraft, and sentences her to be first British woman executed for the crime (Chelmsford, England)

Historic Event

1586 Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia

Victory in Battle

1641 Prince Frederick Henry captures castle of Gennep

Victory in Battle

1643 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

  • 1655 Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 1655 Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • 1661 English Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • 1663 English Parliament accepts Staple Act
  • 1689 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1694 Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • 1713 Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714 Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet

Historic Event

1714 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley

  • 1720 The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam
  • 1789 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department

Coup d'état

1794 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

  • 1795 Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1809 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Spanish Catholic priest, and leader Mexican independence, defrocked and excommunicated by the church
  • 1816 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves

Historic Event

1830 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X

  • 1836 The ship the "Duke of York" arrives with the first colonists at Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
  • 1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1839 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England
  • 1844 Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
  • 1861 Battle of St Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory
  • 1861 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico

Historic Event

1861 Union General George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potomac Army

  • 1862 Massive typhoon hits Canton and Whampoa in China; at least 40,000 die
  • 1862 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns and sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • 1864 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • 1865 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.

Landing of the Atlantic Cable

1866 First transatlantic telegraph cable comes ashore at Heart's Content, Newfoundland after being laid out 1,686 miles by Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Eastern steamship

  • 1880 Alexander P. Ashbourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • 1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • 1884 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system
  • 1888 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle

Historic Event

1890 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

  • 1891 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • 1897 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • 1897 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
  • 1909 British ship SS Waratah is last seen en-route from Durban to Cape Town; 211 on board are missing and no trace of the ship ever found

Historic Event

1909 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • 1914 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • 1917 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele
  • 1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • 1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • 1920 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • 1921 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Historic Event

1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

  • 1922 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
  • 1928 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
  • 1929 Dike of Wieringermeerpolder finished
  • 1931 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • 1931 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • 1932 Paul Gorgoulov, assassin of French president Doumer, sentenced to death
  • 1934 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kill 200,000
  • 1937 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: GB 4 title streak ends as American Frank Parker beats Charles Hare 6-2, 6-4, 6-2 for an unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1941 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1941 German army enters Ukraine
  • 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
  • 1943 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1944 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • 1944 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 1944 US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy
  • 1945 US Communist Party forms
  • 1948 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • 1948 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • 1949 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan

Korean War Ends

1953 North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel

  • 1953 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
  • 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • 1959 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut

Presidential Convention

1960 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission

Historic Event

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. jailed in Albany, Georgia

  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear Test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Fritz Von Erich beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 General Amin al-Hafez becomes President of Syria
  • 1965 Pierre Harmel forms Belgium government

Historic Event

1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking

  • 1967 Arabs Federation premier Hoesein Al Bayoomi resigns
  • 1967 LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence
  • 1967 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana
  • 1970 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1972 The F-15 Eagle flies for the first time.
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment
  • 1974 Kanhai & Jameson add 465 for 2nd wicket, Warwickshire v Gloucs
  • 1975 The British government closes its consulate in Angola following increasing fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola and South African troops
  • 1976 Japanese ex-premier Tanaka arrested (Lockheed Affair)

Historic Event

1978 Portuguese President António Ramalho Eanes fires Premier Mário Soares

  • 1979 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1980 Palestinian throws hand grenade on Jewish children in Antwerp, 1 dead

Historic Event

1982 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's first visit to the US in almost 11 years

  • 1983 104°F (40.3°C) in Garmersdorf (German record)
  • 1986 Iraqi jets attack central Iranian city of Arak; Iran threatens missile attack of gulf states supporting Iraq
  • 1987 First expedited salvaging of Titanic wreck begins by RMS Titanic, Inc.
  • 1987 John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi "Ivan the Terrible", testifies in Israel
  • 1987 Salt Lake City Trappers lose 7-5 to Billings Mustangs, ending their professional-record winning streak at 29 consecutive
  • 1988 Boston's worst traffic jam in 30 years
  • 1988 General Sein Lwin succeeds San Yu as the 6th President of Burma
  • 1988 Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL computer
  • 1989 Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
  • 1990 White-Russia declares independence
  • 1991 TV Guide publishes its 2000th edition
  • 1992 Dimitri Lepikov, Vladimir Pychenko, Veniamin Taianovitch and Evgueni Sadovyi swim world record 4x200m freestyle (7:11.95)

Historic Event

1992 Nelson Mandela says a general strike will go ahead to protest for the removal of South African President F. W. de Klerk from power and for free elections

  • 1993 Javier Sotomayor jumps world record 2.45 m high
  • 1993 Mafia bombs historical buildings in Rome, Milan and Vatican City, 5 killed
  • 1995 Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1997 Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria; about 50 people killed.
  • 2002 A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an airshow at Lviv, Ukraine, killing 85 and injuring more than 100 in the largest airshow disaster in history

Historic Event

2003 A group of 321 Filipino armed soldiers called "Magdalo" take over Oakwood Premier Ayala Center in Makati City to show Filipino people the alleged corruption of the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration

  • 2005 STS-114: NASA grounds the Space shuttle, pending an investigation of the external tank's continued foam-shedding problem
  • 2006 The Federal Republic of Germany is deemed guilty in the loss of Bashkirian 2937 and DHL Flight 611, because it is illegal to outsource flight surveillance
  • 2008 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Royal Troon: Bruce Vaughan birdies first extra playoff hole to beat fellow American John Cook by a stroke
  • 2013 1,000 inmates escape from a prison in Benghazi, Libya
  • 2013 100 people are killed and 1,500 injured in a crackdown against protesters in Cairo, Egypt
  • 2013 First Przewalski’s horse (whose wild populations were believed extinct in 1969) is born via artificial insemination at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute as part of a worldwide effort to rebuild the wild herds
  • 2014 Liberia shuts down most of its borders with fears about the spread of Ebola epidemic

Historic Event

2014 Obama reaffirms Israel's "right to defend itself", but condemns civilian casualties in Gaza

  • 2015 Fiat Chrysler fined record $105 million by Us regulators over their number of car recalls
  • 2015 The Shanghai Composite Index drops 8.5% in one day

Historic Event

2017 Amazon founder Jeff Bezos briefly becomes world's richest man at $91.4B USD, overtaking Bill Gates for half a day

Historic Event

2017 Boy Scouts of American Chief Scout Executive Michael Surbaugh issues an apology for politically motivated remarks made by President Donald Trump at rally attended by 30,000 scouts

  • 2017 Reince Priebus resigns as Chief of Staff to US President Donald Trump, after just over 6 months - shortest non-interim tenure ever
  • 2019 At least 65 mourners killed in a gun attack at a funeral near Maiduguri, by suspected Boko Haram militants in north-east Nigeria
  • 2019 US President Trump, calls Baltimore a "disgusting, rat and rodent infested mess," calls Congress Rep Elijah Cummings responsible
  • 2020 Google decides its employees can work from home until July 2021, the largest tech company to commit to working from home

Historic Event

2020 US congressman John Lewis becomes the first black lawmaker to lie in state in the Rotunda in Washington D.C.

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 WHO head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus states that COVID-19 is "easily the most severe" global health emergency the WHO has faced

  • 2021 China tests a missile with a hypersonic weapon system, later called “very close” to a Sputnik moment by a US general [1]
  • 2021 Florida records its highest one-day total of COVID-19 cases since the start of the pandemic at 21,683
  • 2021 Largest-ever repatriation of 17,000 looted Iraqi antiquities returned to Baghdad, including items from Hobby Lobby's Museum of the Bible and Cornell University
  • 2021 Swiss team of Jolanda Neff, Sina Frei and Linda Indergand make a clean sweep of the medals in the women's cross-country mountain bike event at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 2022 170-carat pink diamond the "Lulo Rose," thought to be largest discovered in 300 years, announced found in Angola [1]