Events in History on July 28

  • 388 Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 754 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 1330 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeat Bulgarian army
  • 1434 Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1579 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England
  • 1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquers Schenkenschans
  • 1696 De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
  • 1708 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717 Prussian King Frederik Willhelm I orders compulsory education for 5-12 year olds
  • 1741 Captain Vitus Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska

Treaty of Interest

1742 Maria Theresa of Austria and Prussian King Frederick the Great sign a peace treaty in Berlin

Appointment of Interest

1790 Henry James Pye appointed as British Poet Laureate by King George III

Execution of Maximilien Robespierre

1794 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

  • 1800 Thames River Police established by act of British parliament, replacing earlier Marine Police (1798-1800) - world's oldest continuously serving police force

Historic Event

1808 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of the Ottoman Empire

  • 1821 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1849 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • 1851 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 1858 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • 1858 French photographer and balloonist Nadar takes the 1st airborne photo, in a balloon, of French village of Petit-Becetre 80 meters in the air
  • 1862 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Missouri
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1864 US Civil War: Battle at Ezra Chapel - Union forces under Major Gen. William Sherman defeat Confederate Lt. General John Bell Hood near Atlanta in Fulton County, Georgia
  • 1866 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US

Historic Event

1868 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves

  • 1883 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroy 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000

Historic Event

1886 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

Historic Event

1893 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

  • 1893 Vizcaya Bridge - largest transporter bridge in the world opens over the River Ibaizabal, designed by Basque architect Alberto de Palacio [1]
  • 1896 City of Miami incorporated
  • 1898 Spanish American War: U.S. Army occupies Ponce and declares victory in Puerto Rico over Spanish forces
  • 1900 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • 1904 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1904 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • 1911 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI

Historic Event

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow

Historic Event

1915 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Woodrow Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

Historic Event

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

  • 1919 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • 1930 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)

Historic Event

1931 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Historic Event

1932 US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the Bonus Army (WWI veterans and their families) from their encampment, 4 die

  • 1933 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • 1937 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • 1937 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • 1938 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • 1939 5th Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendriku Colijn falls
  • 1940 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1942 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 1942 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland

Historic Event

1943 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

  • 1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians

Historic Event

1943 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

Historic Event

1944 Adolf Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

  • 1944 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • 1945 "Elevator girl" Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall
  • 1945 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender

Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

  • 1945 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die

United Nations Charter

1945 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

  • 1947 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • 1948 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • 1948 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • 1955 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 1957 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992
  • 1959 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
  • 1959 United Kingdom starts using postal codes

Election of Interest

1960 US Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate

  • 1962 19 die in a train crash in Steelton, Pennsylvania
  • 1962 Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
  • 1964 England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
  • 1964 Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sends back 4308 TV pictures

Historic Event

1965 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)

  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
  • 1971 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
  • 1973 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll, in the South Pacific
  • 1973 NASA launches Skylab 3's astronauts (Alan Bean, Owen Garriott, and Jack Lousma) to the space station for a 59 day stay
  • 1974 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck in Belem, Brazil
  • 1976 Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
  • 1976 Tangshan Earthquake, 8.2 in magnitude kills over 240,000 Northern China in the largest loss of life from an earthquake in the 20th century
  • 1977 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • 1977 Roy Wilkins turns over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
  • 1978 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1980 Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
  • 1983 NASA launches Telstar-3A
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Alan Garcia sworn in as President of Peru
  • 1986 Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed
  • 1986 NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated
  • 1988 IBM announces price hike on older models
  • 1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years
  • 1988 Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank
  • 1988 Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa, destroyed by arson
  • 1989 NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleve, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz

Historic Event

1990 Alberto Fujimori installed as President of Peru

  • 1990 Blackout hits Chicago
  • 1994 Last steel beam is placed on Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Museum
  • 1995 Art Modell's rep begins secrets talks to move team to Baltimore
  • 1995 Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjorn Johnsen says that Norway should not lower its crude oil production in an attempt to boost world oil prices
  • 1996 Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, is discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
  • 1997 Guatemala becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1997 Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion
  • 2002 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Royal County Down: Noboru Sugai of Japan wins by 2 shots from John irwin of Canada
  • 2002 Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.
  • 2005 A tornado touches down in a residential area in south Birmingham, England, causing £4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people.
  • 2005 The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland
  • 2008 Historic Weston-super-Mare Grand Pier burns down for a second time in 80 years
  • 2012 18 people are killed and 11 injured in ethnic clashes in Ethiopia
  • 2013 39 people are killed after a bus veers off a bridge in Avellino Province, Italy

Historic Event

2014 Israel criticizes John Kerry's proposed ceasefire, stating that no ceasefire deal will be accepted without the destruction of tunnels leading from Gaza to Israel and the demilitarization of the Gaza Strip

  • 2014 Missiles strike near Gaza's main hospital and a nearby refugee camp Monday, leaving 10 dead and many wounded; Israeli Defence Force say they are not responsible
  • 2014 UN Security Council hold emergency meeting calling for an immediate and indefinite humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Hamas
  • 2016 Earliest evidence of cancer found in 1.7 million-year-old toe fossil from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa, published in "South African Journal of Science"

Appointment of Interest

2017 General John Kelly appointed new Chief of Staff by US President Donald Trump

Historic Event

2017 Pakistan Supreme Court rules corruption accusations against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif enough to remove him from office

Historic Event

2017 US Senate vote for "skinny" repeal of the Affordable Care Act ('Obamacare') fails 51-49 when John McCain casts deciding vote against

  • 2018 Carr Fire reaches Redding, California, with death toll at 5 having burnt 80,000 acres
  • 2018 Longest "blood moon" eclipse of the 21st century, lasting 1 hour 43 minutes
  • 2019 First Fortnite World Cup won by US teenager Kyle Giersdorf with largest ever e-sports prize of $3 million at Arthur Ashe Stadium, New York

Historic Event

2020 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak found guilty of corruption, sentenced to 12 years and fined nearly $50 million

  • 2020 Iter, the world's largest nuclear fusion project, begins assembly in Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
  • 2022 Final episodes of TV soap "Neighbours", after 37 years, screens in Australia [1]
  • 2022 Flooding in Garrett County, eastern Kentucky kills at least 37 people with more missing. Four million in Kentucky and surrounding states under flood alert. [1]
  • 2022 Opening ceremony for the 2022 Commonwealth Games held in Birmingham, England, featuring giant animatronic bull [1]
  • 2022 Saudi Arabia unveils plans for futuristic 106 mile one-building city "The Line" to house 9 million people, powered by renewable sources with no roads [1]
  • 2061 31st predicted perihelion passage of Halley's Comet