Events in History on July 3

Victory in Battle

324 Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium

  • 987 Hugh Capet (Hugh the Great) crowned King of the Franks
  • 987 Hugh Capet, elected by the nobility and crowned as King of France
  • 1090 Battle at Hagenoorde: German emperor beats earl Egbert II

Battle of Interest

1187 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army

Battle of Fariskur

1250 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself

Treaty of Interest

1428 Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy

Historic Event

1608 Samuel de Champlain founds city of Quebec

Historic Event

1630 Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament

Historic Event

1661 Portugal gives Tangier and Bombay to English King Charles II

  • 1720 Sweden and Denmark sign peace treaty

Victory in Battle

1754 George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (7 Years' War)

  • 1767 Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date)
  • 1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret
  • 1775 George Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1778 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • 1778 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 1806 Michael Keens exhibits 1st large-scale cultivated strawberry—a large fruit strawberry, called the Keen Seedling
  • 1814 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1819 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 1839 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Massachusetts, with 3 students
  • 1841 John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • 1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed
  • 1848 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • 1849 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power; proves a major obstacle to Italian unification
  • 1852 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)
  • 1861 Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • 1861 Martinsburg, Virginia - Confederate forces pull out before US advance

Pony Express

1861 Pony Express arrives in San Francisco with overland letters from NY

  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1864 Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until Jul 9]
  • 1864 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance

Historic Event

1871 Jesse James robs a bank of $45,000 in Corydon, Iowa

  • 1876 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1883 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River in Scotland; 195 die
  • 1884 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • 1886 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine

Historic Event

1886 In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile

  • 1890 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • 1890 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • 1898 American troops, en route to the Philippines on the SS China, raise the American flag on Wake Island
  • 1898 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • 1898 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • 1900 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • 1900 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1905 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • 1907 Pope decree forbids modernization of theology
  • 1908 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • 1913 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 1913 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors
  • 1915 After exploding a bomb in US Senate reception room previous day, Erich Muenter, a German instructor at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • 1917 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd
  • 1918 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • 1920 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • 1920 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England

Conference of Interest

1922 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

  • 1923 Dockers' strike in Hull, Grimsby, Cardiff and Bristol over to London
  • 1929 Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories made foam rubber
  • 1930 US Veterans Administration created
  • 1934 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois

Battle of Interest

1938 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield

Historic Invention

1939 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Adolf Hitler

  • 1940 ARP-leader and Dutch ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • 1940 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • 1940 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • 1942 Adolf Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • 1942 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1943 British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay
  • 1944 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin

Historic Event

1945 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

  • 1946 1st Dutch government of Louis Beel forms
  • 1946 The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people
  • 1947 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
  • 1947 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan
  • 1948 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960
  • 1952 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
  • 1959 1st exhibition of Karen, the bongo antelope, at Cleveland Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1962 Algerian Revolution against French rule ends (Algeria gains independence on 5th July)
  • 1963 In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 passengers and crew are killed in New Zealand’s worst internal civil aviation accident
  • 1965 Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
  • 1965 USSR and Persia sign dam building and economic aid pact
  • 1966 Race riots in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1967 "News at 10" premieres on British TV
  • 1968 41°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1968 As part of a series of protests against housing conditions in Derry, the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) hold a sit-down protest on the newly opened second deck of the Craigavon Bridge in the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1969 Soviet N1 rocket explodes just after launch off at Baikonur Cosmodrome - one of the largest-ever non-nuclear human-made explosion, debris spread over 10 km
  • 1970 British aircraft crashes at Barcelona, 112 killed
  • 1970 The British Army impose curfew on Falls Road area of Belfast as they search for weapons; coming under attack from the Official IRA (OIRA) and republican rioters
  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association and the British Army come into conflict about a 'no-go' area at Ainsworth Avenue, Belfast
  • 1972 Themba Sono is forced to resign as president of South African Student Organisation (SASO)
  • 1973 General Walters, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1974 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1976 Adolfo Suárez becomes premier of Spain
  • 1977 The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded

Historic Event

1977 Triple Crown champion Seattle Slew's 9-race win streak ends in the Swaps Stakes at Hollywood Park, finishes 4th

  • 1978 US Supreme Court rules 5-4, FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin's "Filthy Words"
  • 1981 NYC transit fare rises from 60 cents to 75 cents, new brass Y-cut-out token
  • 1983 American Calvin Smith sets new world record of 9.93 for 100m in Colorado Springs, beats Jim Hines 1968 mark by 0.02 seconds
  • 1984 Dolphin rocket launched off San Clemente Island
  • 1984 Supreme Court rules Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members
  • 1986 Kuwait's National Assembly (Majlis al Umma) dissolves

Statue of Liberty

1986 US President Reagan presides over relighting of renovated Statue of Liberty

  • 1987 2 men became 1st hot-air balloon travelers to cross Atlantic

Historic Event

1988 The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus

  • 1988 US Vincennes in Strait of Hormoez shoots Iran Airbus A300, kills 290
  • 1989 US Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions
  • 1990 Liberian President Samuel Kanyon Doe offers to resign in response to rebel incursions in his country; he is later kidnapped and executed
  • 1990 Members of 2 Live Crew formally charged with obscenity in Florida
  • 1992 South Africa's FIFA membership reinstated (expelled 1961); united non-racial FA, political prisoners released, free political parties
  • 1994 The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people killed in crashes.
  • 1996 UK House of Commons announces that the Stone of Scone, aka the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish (and subsequently English and British monarchs), will be returned to Scotland after 700 years in Westminster Abbey
  • 1997 Mississippi becomes 1st state to settle tobacco suit
  • 2001 A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people
  • 2001 At a meeting of its oil ministers, OPEC agrees to maintain current production quotas; ministers indicate that, if Iraqi oil returns to the market, they may cut production in response to maintain their desired level of prices
  • 2004 Official opening of Bangkok's subway system.
  • 2005 The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain
  • 2006 Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth.
  • 2009 Mark II.5 Skytrain cars enter service in Metro Vancouver.
  • 2012 Antonio Esfandiari wins a record $18.3 million after winning the 2012 World Series of Poker $1,000,000 Buy-In
  • 2012 Truck bombing kills 25 people and wounds 40 in Diwaniyah, Iraq
  • 2013 Egypt's president, Mohammed Morsi, is deposed by the military with Adly Mansour appointed interim president
  • 2014 Germany passes first nation-wide minimum wage law – at 8.5 euros
  • 2015 Adelaide Crows Australian Rules Football coach Phil Walsh is murdered by his son Cy at his Somerton Park home
  • 2017 Bus crash in traffic jam and resulting fire kills 18 near Muenchberg, Germany

Historic Event

2017 French President Emmanuel Macron speech at Palace of Versailles proposes radical government changes, including reduction of MPs

Historic Event

2018 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak is arrested on corruption charges, accused of stealing 700 million from state development fund 1MDB

  • 2018 French President Emmanuel Macron visits the New Afrika Shrine nightclub in Lagos during his two-day tour of Nigeria
  • 2018 Souad Abderrahim is elected the first female mayor of Tunis, Tunisia

Historic Event

2018 US Justice and Education Departments rescind Obama affirmative action policies in college admissions

  • 2018 Worst monsoon rains in decades swamp Lahore, Pakistan, killing 6
  • 2019 Atlético Madrid sign Portugal forward Joao Felix for €126m (£113m) from Benfica in the fifth most expensive transfer in football history
  • 2019 Heavy monsoon rains strike Mumbai and surrounding Maharashtra state in India killing at least 43, worst flooding in a decade
  • 2019 Italian David-Maria Sassoli chosen as new European Parliament President
  • 2019 More than a million people ordered to evacuate Japanese island of Kyushu amid warnings of mudslides after 1,000mm (39in) of rainfall
  • 2019 US produces the most waste per head globally and recycles the least at 35% according to new research by Verisk Maplecroft, Germany recycles the most at 68%
  • 2021 Mudslides crash through town of Atami, Japan, after torrential rain, killing 19, with over 100 people initially missing
  • 2021 Worst wildfires in Cyprus' history begin in Limassol district, spreading in next few days and killing four people
  • 2022 Sri Lanka says it has less than one day's worth of fuel, as its economic crisis deepens, closing schools and stopping public transport [1]