On This Day

Events in History on July 30

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

101 BC Battle of Vercellae: Roman army under Gaius Marius defeats the Cimbri in Cisalpine Gaul, ending the Celto-Germanic threat on Italy's border with over 100,000 Cimbri killed

Roman General and Consul Gaius Marius
Roman General and Consul
Gaius Marius
  • 579 Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 657 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

Historic InventionAbbasid-Era Baghdad

762 City of Baghdad founded by Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur, just north of ancient Baghdad

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The minaret of the Al Khalufa mosque in Baghdad, showcasing the minaret from the Abbasid era of the city
The minaret of the Al Khalufa mosque in Baghdad, showcasing the minaret from the Abbasid era of the city
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CrownRoyal Coronation

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.
  • 1537 Resistant of Bomy: French/Dutch cease fire
  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1618 Prince Maurits' troops pull into Utrecht
  • 1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1650 Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1653 Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt
  • 1655 Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • 1678 English troops land in Flanders
  • 1715 Spanish gold and silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida

  • 1729 City of Baltimore founded
  • 1733 Society of Freemasons opens 1st American lodge in Boston
  • 1739 Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, New Jersey
  • 1756 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers in Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Captain James Cook with Resolution returns to England

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1809 British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • 1811 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico
  • 1822 James Varick becomes 1st bishop of African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
  • 1825 Malden Island is discovered in the central Pacific by British warship HMS Blonde
  • 1826 Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • 1836 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 President Abraham Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah
  • 1864 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater
  • 1865 Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • 1866 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150
  • 1869 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • 1870 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • 1870 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics

  • 1872 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • 1878 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • 1900 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • 1902 Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)
  • 1905 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • 1907 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907 The Filipinos elect their first legislature; it will meet on 16 October
  • 1907 Starting today, the French bombard Casablanca and land troops to occupy the Atlantic-coast region of Morocco after attacks on foreigners
  • 1909 French chemist Eugène Schueller founds L'Oréal with his new range of hair dyes
  • 1913 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • 1914 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • 1914 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1916 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
  • 1917 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • 1921 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • 1926 Albanian boundaries deduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

  • 1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • 1937 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.
  • 1938 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • 1941 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • 1944 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire & Villebaudon Normandy
  • 1944 US 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy

Sinking ShipSinking of the USS Indianapolis

1945 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.

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A scene from the 2016 movie
A scene from the 2016 movie "USS Indianapolis: Men of Courage"
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  • 1946 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1949 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • 1952 Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid
  • 1954 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Vancouver, Canada
  • 1956 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 British spy Kim Philby found in Moscow

  • 1964 US naval fire on Hon Ngu/Hon Mo, North Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 US airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam

  • 1967 Race riot in Milwaukee (4 killed)
  • 1970 -Aug 5] Hurricane Celia, kills 31 in Cuba, Florida and Texas
  • 1970 30,000 arrive to attend Powder Ridge Rock Festival, Middlefield, Connecticut, despite it having been cancelled due to local residents opposition
  • 1970 Riots hit Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Japanese Boeing 727 collides with an F-86 fighter killing 162
  • 1971 US Apollo 15 (Scott & Irwin) lands on Mare Imbrium on the Moon
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes on 3rd & last charge of "high crimes & misdemeanors" to impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up
  • 1975 Simon Gray's "Otherwise Engaged" premieres in London
  • 1975 US Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit; Hoffa legally declared dead in 1982
  • 1975 Murtala Mohammed overthrows General Gowon to become Nigerian Head of State
  • 1976 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy for the 2nd time
  • 1976 4 Protestant civilians were shot dead at a pub off Milltown Road, Belfast; the attack was claimed by the Republican Action Force
  • 1980 Vanuatu (New Hebrides) gains independence from Britain & France
  • 1981 Belgian Senate accept laws against racism
  • 1981 Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms" premieres in London
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1983 Official speed record for a piston-driven aircraft, 832 kph, California
  • 1984 Alvenus tanker at Cameron Louisiana, spills 2.8 million gallons of oil
  • 1984 Holly Roffey aged 11 days is the youngest ever to receive a heart transplant
  • 1985 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51-I mission

  • 1985 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1987 An ANC car bomb directed at the headquarters of the Wits Command in Johannesburg South Africa kills 1 person and injures 68
  • 1988 Harry Drake shoots arrow record 1873m
  • 1988 John Franco saves record 13th game of July
  • 1988 Jordanian King Hussein renounces sovereignty over West Bank to the PLO
  • 1988 King Hussein dissolves Jordan's House of Representatives
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach begins world record ride, pedaling across Canada from Vancouver to Halifax (13 days, 15 hr, 4 min)
  • 1988 ArenaBowl II, Allstate Arena, Rosemount, Illinois: Detroit Drive beats Chicago Bruisers 24-13, Steve Griffin MVP
  • 1989 Chile amends its constitution
  • 1990 Five Bank of Credit & Commerce members found guilty of money laundering
  • 1990 Soldiers opens fire on worshippers in Monrovian church, 200-600 die
  • 1990 The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.
  • 1992 Lin Li swims female world record/OR 200m medley (2:11.65)
  • 1994 Record 103.8°F (39.9°C) in Preschen Lausitz Germany
  • 1997 Terrorist double suicide bombing in Jerusalem, kills 14
  • 1997 Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo Landslide in New South Wales, Australia
  • 2000 British Senior Open Men's Golf, Royal County Down: Irishman Christy O'Connor Jr. successfully defends his title by 2 shots from John Bland of South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 The accounting law referred to as "The Sarbanes Oxley Act" signed into law by President George W. Bush

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

CarVolkswagen Beetle

2003 The last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line in Mexico

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The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
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  • 2009 A bomb explodes in Palma Nova, Mallorca, killing 2 police officers. Basque separatist group ETA is believed to be responsible.

  • 2012 Train fire kills 32 and injures 27 people in Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 2012 Indian power grid failure leaves over 300 million without electricity
  • 2013 28 people are killed in a series of bombings in Kano, Nigeria
  • 2013 134 people are killed in tribal conflicts in Darfyr, Sudan
  • 2013 9 children are killed and 20 are injured after a school bus collides with a truck in Hanumangarh, India
  • 2013 Mamnoon Hussain is elected President of Pakistan
  • 2013 Wikileaks discloser Bradley [later Chelsea] Manning convicted of 17 espionage charges
  • 2014 Death toll in Gaza reaches 1,346, while 56 Israeli soldiers and 3 civilians have been killed
  • 2014 The EU and US extend sanctions on Russia to include banks, energy, and defense firms; Moscow denies the allegation that Russia is arming rebels in Eastern Ukraine
  • 2015 In Bandar Mahshahr, Iran, the temperature reaches 46C (109F), humidity makes it feel like 73C
  • 2016 Air balloon crashes into power lines near Lockhart, Texas, killing all 16 on board

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 China's President Xi Jinping heads 12,000 troop parade at Zhurihe training base, Inner Mongolia marking 90 years since founding of the People's Liberation Army

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Russian President Vladimir Putin announces American diplomats in Russia cut by 755 in response to American sanctions

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2017 Venezuelan voting for a new assembly disrupted by violent protests, at least 3 people killed
  • 2017 1st centenary of WWI Battle of Passchendaele marked at ceremony at Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium
  • 2017 15 people killed in gunfights with Philippine police, including Reynaldo Parojinog, mayor of Ozamiz in an anti-drug trafficking operation

PlaneFlight MH370 Disappears

2018 Official Malaysian investigation into the disappearance of Flight MH370 is unable to determine what happened

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Post-it notes written by well-wishers in Malaysia after Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 went missing
Post-it notes written by well-wishers in Malaysia after Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 went missing
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  • 2018 British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt mistakenly calls his Chinese-born wife "Japanese" in meeting with his Chinese counterpart in Beijing
  • 2018 Four million people excluded from Assam National Register of Citizens in India prompts fears of deportation, loss of citizenship
  • 2018 Australian Catholic Archbishop Philip Wilson resigns after being convicted of concealing sexual abuse
  • 2020 NASA launches to Mars its Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter aboard a V 541 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Barack Obama gives the eulogy at the funeral of congressman John Lewis, with former presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta

Civil Rights Leader and Congressman John Lewis
Civil Rights Leader and Congressman
John Lewis
44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 2020 The US economy posts the largest quarterly fall on record with GDP down 9.5% for the 3 months to June 30
  • 2020 Federal law enforcement officers begin a phased withdrawal from Portland amid criticism of their actions to shut down Black Lives Matter protests