Events in History on July 4

  • 836 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 Saint Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized.
  • 1054 Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
  • 1120 Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death

Victory in Battle

1187 Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon

  • 1301 Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg
  • 1359 Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1415 Angelo Correr renounces his claim to the Papacy as Pope Gregory XII
  • 1453 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau

Election of Interest

1534 Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye

Victory in Battle

1610 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden

  • 1634 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • 1636 City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1652 Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • 1653 English Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672 States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
  • 1693 Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army

Victory in Battle

1708 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory

Historic Event

1754 George Washington gives Fort Necessity to France

  • 1774 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

Liberty Bell

1776 According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the Second Continental Congress

  • 1779 French fleet occupies Grenada

Election of Interest

1782 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

Historic Event

1785 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

  • 1789 1st US tariff act signed by President Washington
  • 1796 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802 1st US Military Academy opens at West Point, NY

Historic Event

1803 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

  • 1810 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817 Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, (Rome, New York), one of the first great engineering works in North America

Historic Event

1819 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

United States Declaration of Independence

1826 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"

  • 1827 Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828 Construction begins on B & O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829 Cornerstone laid for 2nd US mint at Chestnut and Juniper St, Philadelphia, the "Grecian Temple"
  • 1829 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1836 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1837 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool
  • 1838 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • 1838 Iowa Territory is organised from Wisconsin Territory, lasting until 1846
  • 1840 The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end

Historic Event

1845 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

  • 1845 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US

Historic Publication

1855 In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, "Leaves of Grass" is published

  • 1861 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1861 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia

Historic Event

1862 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

  • 1862 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • 1863 Boise, Idaho, founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Historic Event

1863 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

  • 1863 Skirmish at Smithburg, Tennessee
  • 1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • 1865 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published
  • 1866 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1868 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • 1868 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1873 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco
  • 1874 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • 1875 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco
  • 1876 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • 1879 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • 1879 Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo

Historic Event

1881 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

  • 1882 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • 1884 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • 1886 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Port Moody, British Columbia

Historic Event

1887 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

  • 1888 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
  • 1889 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • 1892 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1892 Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4
  • 1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • 1894 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • 1895 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • 1898 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • 1898 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish–American War)
  • 1900 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA

Historic Event

1901 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

Historic Event

1902 Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents

  • 1903 Pacific Cable (San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opens, President Theodore Roosevelt sends a message
  • 1906 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1910 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1910 The US Congress pass the Mann-Elkins Act, an important piece of railroad reform legislation
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • 1911 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • 1912 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0

Red October

1917 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

  • 1918 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • 1919 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • 1920 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • 1925 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
  • 1926 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar
  • 1927 First flight of the Lockheed Vega.

Historic Event

1927 Sukarno and friends form the pro-Indonesian independence party, the PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

  • 1929 AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down
  • 1931 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1931 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1933 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge

Historic Invention

1934 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

  • 1934 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • 1936 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • 1938 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • 1940 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die

Historic Event

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

  • 1941 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • 1941 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes
  • 1942 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)

Historic Event

1942 Siege of Sevastopol ends with the surrender of Soviet forces and after massive German bombing raids that leave just 11 city buildings undamaged

  • 1942 US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins
  • 1944 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 1944 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • 1944 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • 1945 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.
  • 1946 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • 1946 Philippines gains independence from US

Historic Event

1946 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila

  • 1950 Harry Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own constitution)
  • 1950 The first broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  • 1952 Canadian Currency, Mint and Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
  • 1953 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
  • 1954 Dr Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of the crime)
  • 1954 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • 1956 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • 1956 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • 1957 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase
  • 1959 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • 1959 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • 1959 Island Records founded in Jamaica
  • 1960 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Historic Event

1966 LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act

  • 1967 Opening ceremony of Tassajara Zen Mountain Center

Historic Event

1968 Arthur Kopit's "Indians" premieres in London

  • 1968 Radio astronomy satellite Explorer 38 launched
  • 1969 "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band is released in UK
  • 1969 The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park, NJ
  • 1970 Chartered Dan-Air Comet crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 112 vacationing Britons
  • 1970 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, continues throughout the day; a man is killed by the British Army
  • 1971 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1972 The Royal Ulster Constabulary forward a file about the killings on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) to the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland
  • 1973 CARICOM - Caribbean Community & Common Market, forms

Historic Event

1975 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah

  • 1976 Israel launches hostage rescue mission of 106 Air France crew and passengers held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers. Three hostages die along with all the hijackers, numerous Ugandan soldiers and Yonatan Netanyahu, an Israeli soldier
  • 1976 Opening ceremony of the Dai Bosatsu monastery Catskill Mt NY
  • 1978 Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
  • 1979 Algerian ex-president Ben Bella freed
  • 1982 4th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia 4 (STS-4) lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1982 Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado elected president of Mexico
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Funeral for S Nakagawa and burial of half his ashes next to N Senzaki
  • 1987 Discovery moves to Launch Pad 39B for STS-26 mission

Historic Event

1987 Nazi Klaus Barbie, "Butcher of Lyon" sentenced to life imprisonment in France

  • 1988 US Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290
  • 1989 Unmanned Russian Mig-23 crashes in Bellegem-Kooigem, Belgium (1 dies)
  • 1990 400 New Kids on the Block fans treated for heat exhaustion in Minnesota
  • 1990 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1993 Pilar Fort crowned 25th Miss Black America
  • 1993 Pizza Hut blimp deflates and lands safely on W 56th street in NYC
  • 1994 Rwandese Patriotic Front occupies Kigali
  • 1996 Hot Mail, a free internet E-mail service begins
  • 1997 US space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars
  • 2004 The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
  • 2005 The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1
  • 2006 North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan/East Sea.

Historic Event

2006 Richard Branson sells Virgin Mobile to NTL for £962.4 million

  • 2006 Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission - Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
  • 2009 The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after 8 years, due to security reasons following the World Trade Center attacks
  • 2012 12th century manuscript Codex Calixtinus from Santiago de Compostela Cathedral, Spain, rediscovered, after been stolen, in the garage of an employee of the cathedral [1]
  • 2012 Scientists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider announce the discovery of a new particle consistent with the Higgs boson, the so-called 'God particle'
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 60 are injured in a wave of shootings across Chicago
  • 2015 Matt "Megatoad" Stonie, in an upset, defeats 8x hot dog eating champion Joey "Jaws" Chestnut at Nathan's Famous, Coney Island with 62 hot dogs
  • 2015 Unesco grants World Heritage Status to vineyards in Champagne, France along with Singapore's Botanical Gardens, Diyarbakir Fortress (Turkey) and Maymand Caves (Iran)
  • 2016 NASA's Juno spacecraft successfully enters Jupiter's orbit
  • 2017 North Korea tests first successful intercontinental ballistic missile into Sea of Japan
  • 2018 Chinese technology company Baidu announces it has begun mass production of self-driving buses, the 14-seat Apolong
  • 2018 Hong Kong'stop court rules same-sex couples entitled to equal visa rights in landmark case
  • 2018 Wildfire in Yolo county, California, grows to 82,700 acres with 2,800 fire fighters battling the blaze
  • 2019 Biggest seaweed bloom in the world, the Great Atlantic Sargassum Belt stretches from West Africa to the Gulf of Mexico after algae explosion due to deforestation and fertiliser

Historic Event

2019 Egypt claims 3,000-year-old Tutankhamun bust is stolen as it sells for $6 million at auction at Christies

  • 2019 Largest earthquake in California in 20 years 6.4 magnitude near Ridgecrest
  • 2019 Notorious Dutch crime boss Willem Holleeder sentenced to life for ordering five murders in Amsterdam
  • 2019 Record temperatures in Alaska as Anchorage reaches 90F (32C)

Meeting of Interest

2019 Russian President Vladmir Putin meets with Pope Francis at the Vatican

  • 2019 UN accuses Venezuelan government of using death squads and policy of installing fear to remove opposition with 5,287 people killed in 2018 for supposedly resisting arrest

Historic Event

2019 US President Donald Trump holds a “Salute to America” Fourth of July celebration in Washington, D.C., controversial for its emphasis on the military and presence of tanks

  • 2019 US publication Mad Magazine announces it will stop publishing new material after 67 years
  • 2020 Record rain in over island of Kyushu in Japan causes flooding killing a least 37 people with evacuation of more than 200,00
  • 2021 Columbus Blue Jackets' 24 year old Latvian goaltender Matīss Kivlenieks is killed when accidentally struck by fireworks at the home of team goaltending coach Manny Legace in Novi, Michigan
  • 2021 Military plane crashes near Jolo, Philippines, killing at lease 45 with dozens saved from the burning wreckage

Historic Event

2021 Pope Francis undergoes surgery to remove part of his colon in Rome

Historic Event

2021 Researchers reveal there are 14 living descendants of Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci [1]