Events in History on July 4

  • 836 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 Saint Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized.
  • 1054 Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
  • 1120 Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1187 Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1301 Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg
  • 1359 Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1415 Angelo Correr renounces his claim to the Papacy as Pope Gregory XII
  • 1453 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • 1534 Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1610 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden

  • 1634 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • 1636 City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1652 Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • 1653 English Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672 States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void

  • 1693 Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army
  • 1708 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 George Washington gives Fort Necessity to France

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1774 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts
  • 1776 According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the Second Continental Congress

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain
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  • 1779 French fleet occupies Grenada

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1782 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1789 1st US tariff act signed by President Washington
  • 1796 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802 The 1st US Military Academy at West Point opens
  • 1802 US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1810 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817 Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, (Rome, New York), one of the first great engineering works in North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1826 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"
  • 1827 Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828 Construction begins on B & O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829 Cornerstone laid for 2nd US mint at Chestnut and Juniper St, Philadelphia, the "Grecian Temple"
  • 1829 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1836 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1837 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool
  • 1838 Iowa Territory is organised from Wisconsin Territory, lasting until 1846

  • 1838 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • 1840 The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1845 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1855 In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, "Leaves of Grass" is published

  • 1861 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1861 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1862 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • 1863 Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1863 Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • 1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • 1865 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published
  • 1866 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1868 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • 1868 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1873 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco
  • 1874 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • 1875 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco
  • 1876 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • 1879 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • 1879 Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1882 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • 1884 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • 1884 Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris
  • 1886 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Port Moody, British Columbia
  • 1887 The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi
  • 1888 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
  • 1889 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • 1892 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1892 Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4
  • 1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • 1894 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • 1895 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • 1898 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • 1898 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
  • 1900 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Pacific Cable (San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Philipines) opens, President Theodore Roosevelt sends a message
  • 1906 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1910 The US Congress pass the Mann-Elkins Act, an important piece of railroad reform legislation
  • 1910 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • 1911 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • 1912 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0

RussiaRed October

1917 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest
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  • 1918 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • 1919 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • 1920 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • 1925 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
  • 1925 A's Lefty Grove beats Yanks Herb Pennock 1-0 in 15 innings
  • 1926 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Sukarno and friends form the pro-Indonesian independence party, the PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1927 First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
  • 1929 AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down
  • 1931 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1931 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1933 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
  • 1934 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • 1934 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb
  • 1936 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • 1938 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • 1940 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die

  • 1941 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • 1941 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • 1942 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WWII)
  • 1942 US air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
  • 1944 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 1944 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • 1944 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • 1945 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.
  • 1946 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • 1946 Philippines gains independence from US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • 1950 Harry Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own constitution)
  • 1950 The first broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  • 1952 Canadain Currency, Mint & Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
  • 1953 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
  • 1954 Dr Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of the crime)
  • 1954 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • 1956 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • 1956 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • 1957 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase
  • 1959 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • 1959 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • 1959 Island Records founded in Jamaica
  • 1960 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Opening ceremony of Tassajara Zen Mountain Center
  • 1968 Arthur Kopit's "Indians" premieres in London
  • 1968 Radio astronomy satellite Explorer 38 launched
  • 1969 "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band is released in UK
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.
  • 1970 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park, NJ
  • 1970 Chartered Dan-Air Comet crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 112 vacationing Britons
  • 1970 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, continues throughout the day; a man is killed by the British Army
  • 1971 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1972 The Royal Ulster Constabulary forward a file about the killings on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) to the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Alan Ayckbourne's "Absurd Person Singular," premieres in London
  • 1973 CARICOM - Caribbean Community & Common Market, forms

  • 1974 Mike Marshall goes 9-0 with 3 saves in 20 appearances in 30 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • 1976 Israel launches rescue of 103 Air France crew and passengers being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers
  • 1976 Opening ceremony of the Dai Bosatsu monastery Catskill Mt NY
  • 1976 Operation Entebbe - Israel rescues 229 Air France hostage passengers In Uganda (3 hostages die along with Ugandan soldiers and Israeli soldier)
  • 1978 Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
  • 1979 Algerian ex-president Ben Bella freed
  • 1982 4th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 4 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1982 Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado elected president of Mexico
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Funeral for S Nakagawa and burial of half his ashes next to N Senzaki
  • 1984 Yuri Sedykh of USSR throws hammer a record 86.33 m
  • 1987 Discovery moves to Launch Pad 39B for STS-26 mission
  • 1987 Nazi Klaus Barbie, "Butcher of Lyon" sentenced to life in France
  • 1988 US Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290
  • 1989 Unmanned Russian Mig-23 crashes in Bellegem-Kooigem, Belgium (1 dies)
  • 1990 400 New Kids on the Block fans treated for heat exhaustion in Minnesota
  • 1990 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1993 Pilar Fort crowned 25th Miss Black America
  • 1993 Pizza Hut blimp deflates and lands safely on W 56th street in NYC
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-18 lands
  • 1994 Rwandese Patriotic Front occupies Kigali
  • 1996 Hot Mail, a free internet E-mail service begins
  • 1997 US space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars
  • 2004 The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
  • 2005 The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1
  • 2006 Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission - Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
  • 2006 North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan/East Sea.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Richard Branson sells Virgin Mobile to NTL for £962.4 million

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
  • 2009 The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after 8 years, due to security reasons following the World Trade Center attacks
  • 2012 Scientists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider announce the discovery of a new particle consistent with the Higgs boson
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 60 are injured in a wave of shootings across Chicago
  • 2014 Rolf Harris is sentenced to 5 years and 9 months for indecently assaulting female minors
  • 2015 Matt "Megatoad" Stonie, in an upset, defeats 8x hot dog eating champion Joey "Jaws" Chestnut at Nathan's Famous, Coney Island with 62 hot dogs
  • 2015 Unesco grants World Heritage Status to vineyards in Champagne, France along with Singapore's Botanical Gardens, Diyarbakir Fortress (Turkey) and Maymand Caves (Iran)
  • 2016 NASA's Juno spacecraft successfully enters Jupiter's orbit
  • 2017 North Korea tests first successful intercontinental ballistic missile into Sea of Japan
  • 2018 Hong Kong'stop court rules same-sex couples entitled to equal visa rights in landmark case
  • 2018 Wildfire in Yolo county, California, grows to 82,700 acres with 2,800 fire fighters battling the blaze
  • 2018 Chinese technology company Baidu announces it has begun mass production of self-driving buses, the 14-seat Apolong