Events in History on July 5

  • 649 St Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 767 Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
  • 1166 Austrian town of Bad Kleinkirchheim is first mentioned, in an ecclesiastical document
  • 1294 Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
  • 1295 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1436 German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
  • 1450 Pope Nicolas V names Walraven van Meurs bishop of Munster
  • 1596 English fleet under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, captures Cadiz
  • 1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland
  • 1626 Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • 1628 English settlers establish town of St Michael (later Bridgetown) on Barbados
  • 1643 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)

Historic Publication

1687 Isaac Newton's great work Principia published by Royal Society in England, outlining his laws of motion and universal gravitation

Historic Siege

1715 Ottoman troops storm citadel of Acrocorinth in the Peloponnese, massacring a large part of the population and selling the rest into slavery. Inspires Lord Byron's poem "The Siege of Corinth"

  • 1750 Slave revolt on Curacao
  • 1770 First day of three day naval Battle of Chesma between the Russian and Ottoman Empires off the coast of Anatolia won by the Russians

Historic Event

1775 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III

  • 1791 Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver, British Columbia)
  • 1803 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)
  • 1807 Second Battle of Buenos Aires lost by invading British forces

Venezuela Declares Independence

1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain

  • 1813 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin
  • 1814 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1830 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1834 Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • 1841 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency
  • 1843 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Historic Event

1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

  • 1859 Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 1861 Battle of Carthage, Missouri - US General Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi and Battle of Birdsong Ferry, Mississippi
  • 1864 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • 1864 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • 1865 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law
  • 1865 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • 1871 Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins
  • 1878 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established
  • 1884 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • 1884 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1887 Columbia University 4's crew becomes first American boat to win at London's Henley Regatta (Visitors Challenge Cup)
  • 1891 Hail kills 16 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • 1900 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • 1908 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia

Meeting of Interest

1913 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra

  • 1914 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1922 1st general election in Netherlands
  • 1922 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1922 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
  • 1924 Military revolt in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 1929 WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down

Historic Event

1932 António de Oliveira Salazar becomes the premier and dictator of Portugal (1932-1968), founding the authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) regime

  • 1933 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1934 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco
  • 1935 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast

Historic Event

1935 FDR signs US National Labor Relations Act

  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1937 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • 1937 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • 1937 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation
  • 1938 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle
  • 1939 Flash floods kill 79 in Northeast Kentucky
  • 1940 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain and Vichy government in France
  • 1941 German occupiers disband political parties
  • 1942 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • 1943 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • 1943 Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Nazi German Panzer Division assault begins what becomes the largest tank in history
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • 1943 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • 1944 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight

Election of Interest

1945 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

  • 1945 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared
  • 1946 Louis Reard's design for a bikini swimsuit debuts at the Paris fashion show
  • 1948 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • 1950 Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel
  • 1950 US forces enter combat in the Korean War for the first time, in the Battle of Osan

Historic Invention

1951 Dr William Shockley invents the junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)

  • 1954 B-52A bomber makes its maiden flight
  • 1955 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • 1956 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • 1958 First ascent of Gasherbrum I (Pakistani–Chinese border), 11th highest peak on earth
  • 1958 J Pengel forms government/Emanuels premier of Suriname

Historic Event

1959 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns

  • 1959 Indonesia restores constitution
  • 1959 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • 1960 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • 1961 80 die in collisions in Algiers
  • 1962 Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule
  • 1962 Massacre in Oran, Algeria: members of Algerian National Liberation Army kill Pied-Noir (Algerians of European descent) and European expatriates in ethnic genocide upon Algerian independence from France killing an estimated 95 to 400 people over 3 days
  • 1966 National Guard mobilizes in Omaha after 3rd night of rioting
  • 1966 NYC transit fare rises from 15 cents to 20 cents
  • 1966 Saturn I rocket launched at Cape Kennedy
  • 1967 Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme
  • 1968 "Manifest of 1000 words" published in Prague
  • 1970 Air Canada DC-8 crashes 7 miles from Toronto's airport killing 109
  • 1971 26th amendment to the US constitution certified (reduces voting age to 18)
  • 1971 Simon Gray's "Butley" premieres in London
  • 1972 Pierre Messmer appointed French premier
  • 1972 Two Protestant brothers are found shot dead outside of Belfast (speculation that they were killed by Loyalists because they had Catholic girlfriends)

Coup d'état

1973 General Juvénal Habyarimana becomes president of Rwanda in a military coup d'état

  • 1973 Isle of Man begins issuing its own postage stamps
  • 1975 Cape Verde Islands gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule
  • 1977 Pakistani army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Premier Begin's Likud party wins Israeli elections
  • 1981 Rajan Mahadevan recites 31,811 digits of π (Pi) from memory
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1983 France invades Algeria
  • 1983 Woman gives birth to baby 84 days after brain death (Roanoke, Virginia)
  • 1984 Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old "exclusionary rule"-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials
  • 1985 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min

Election of Interest

1985 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term

Statue of Liberty

1986 Nancy Reagan cuts a red, white and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty after refurbishment

  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1992 Sixto Durán Ballén elected president of Ecuador
  • 1993 Kurd guerrillas murder 32 villager in East Turkey
  • 1993 Richard Chelimo run world record 10 km (27:07.91)

Historic Event

1994 founded in Bellevue, Washington by Jeff Bezos

  • 1994 The United States announces it will no longer accept unrestricted immigration from Haiti
  • 2001 Australia and East Timor sign an agreement to share royalties from oil and natural gas production in the Timor Sea, which separates the two countries
  • 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
  • 2006 Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting at the U.N in New York City because of North Korean missile tests that day
  • 2006 North Korea tests at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile
  • 2009 Ethnic rioting breaks out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China

Election of Interest

2012 Enrique Pena Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party is elected President of Mexico after a recount following irregularities

Historic Event

2012 Former Argentine president and dictator Jorge Rafael Videla is sentenced to 50 years imprisonment for the abduction of about 400 babies born to political prisoners

  • 2012 South Korea announce plans to begin "scientific' whaling of minke whales
  • 2012 The Shard, the tallest building in Europe, is opened in London, at 309.6 metres (1,016 ft)
  • 2013 15 people are killed by a bomb attack on a Shia mosque in Baghdad, Iraq

Historic Event

2016 FBI releases report stating Hillary Clinton was "extremely careless" handling classified emails but doesn't recommend prosecution

  • 2017 101 people reported shot, 15 killed in Chicago, Illinois over 4th July weekend
  • 2017 Followers of Indian spiritual leader Ashutosh Mahara win a court case, 3 years after his death, to keep his body in a freezer in case he should return to life
  • 2017 Shootout between drug cartels in Las Varas, Northern Mexico kills 14
  • 2017 Volvo Cars announces all new models by 2019 will be either hybrids or battery powered, 1st automaker to do so
  • 2018 At least 24 killed in explosions at pyrotechnics workshops in Tultepec, Mexico
  • 2018 Heatwave in southern Quebec, Canada, kills 33
  • 2018 Saleswomen in Kerala, India, win right to sit down and take toilet breaks in new amendment to law
  • 2018 US Environmental Protection Agency head Scott Pruitt resigns amid allegations of misconduct
  • 2019 Ancient Iraqi city Babylon declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 2019 Second stronger earthquake in Southern California at 7.1 magnitude centered near Ridgecrest
  • 2020 Florida reports a record 11,458 daily COVID-19 cases
  • 2020 Mexico's COVID-19 death toll passes 30,000 as it becomes the world's 5th worst-affected country
  • 2021 One of world's oldest pieces of art, 51,000-year-old deer bone carved by Neanderthals, announced discovered in Harz Mountains, Germany [1]

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 Prime Minister Boris Johnson says he will scrap all COVID-19 restrictions in England from 19 July, to become most unrestricted country in Europe

  • 2022 Amid Greater Sydney's fourth major flood in 18 months, the Australian government declares a natural disaster as 45,000 people threatened with evacuation orders [1]
  • 2022 In possibly largest-ever Chinese security breach, hacker offers to sell Shanghai police a database with information on one billion Chinese [1]
  • 2022 Mathematics Fields Medal (presented every four years to mathematicians under 40) awarded to James Maynard, June Huh, Maryna Viazovska and Hugo Duminil-Copin in Helsinki [1]