On This Day

Events in History on July 7

  • 1124 Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1438 King Charles VII issues the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges stating that a General Church Council with superior power to the Pope must be held every 10 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1495 King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1498 Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1520 Battle of Otumba, Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick
  • 1543 French troops invade Luxembourg
  • 1550 Traditional date Chocolate thought to have been introduced to Europe
  • 1585 King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms
  • 1647 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1753 British parliament grants Jews citizenship
  • 1754 Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)
  • 1768 Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton

  • 1798 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'
  • 1799 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Toussaint Louverture declares Haitian independence

General and Revolutionary Toussaint Louverture
General and Revolutionary
Toussaint Louverture
  • 1802 1st comic book "The Wasp" is published in Hudson, New York criticizing Republican politicians

Treaty of InterestNapoleon Meets the Tsar

1807 First Treaty of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I of France, and Alexander I of Russia
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Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
  • 1814 Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
  • 1838 Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1850 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Hill, Virginia
  • 1862 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • 1863 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant

ExecutionExecution of Lincoln's Assassins

1865 Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, David Herold and George Atzerodt are executed for their role in the conspiracy to assassinate US President Abraham Lincoln
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Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, David Herold, and George Atzerodt are hung for their part in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, David Herold, and George Atzerodt are hung for their part in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
  • 1868 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • 1874 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1876 Hamburg massacre: white farmers attack a black militia in Hamburg, South Carolina with 7 killed
  • 1878 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • 1891 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • 1892 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia

  • 1898 US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • 1905 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)

BoatGreat White Fleet

1908 Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay
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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1908 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1915 A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15
  • 1916 The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • 1923 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)

InventionHistoric Invention

1928 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

  • 1929 Romania & Vatican sign concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1937 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • 1941 Nazis execute 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • 1941 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • 1941 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
  • 1942 Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • 1942 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0

KnightedKnighthood

1942 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1943 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • 1943 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • 1943 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • 1944 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • 1944 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • 1946 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
  • 1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident
  • 1948 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • 1950 Korean War: UN Security Council establishes the United Nations Command to combat North Korean forces
  • 1950 1st Farnborough airshow held
  • 1952 SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1954 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union ) in Tanzania
  • 1956 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • 1957 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 William Shea outlines plans for a $12M stadium at Flushing Meadows NY
  • 1960 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • 1960 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • 1961 James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Obscenity ban for "Naked Lunch" by William S. Burroughs overturned by the Massachusetts Supreme Court after testimony by Allen Ginsberg and Norman Mailer

Writer and Artist William S. Burroughs
Writer and Artist
William S. Burroughs
Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
Novelist Norman Mailer
Novelist
Norman Mailer
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 Rock group "Yardbirds" disband
  • 1969 Canada's House of Commons approves equality of French-English language
  • 1969 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1972 1st women FBI members sworn in (Susan Lynn Roley & Joanne E Pierce)
  • 1972 Dutch Minister of Agt decides to ignore soft drug usage
  • 1972 Secret Talks Between IRA and British Government: Gerry Adams is part of a delegation to London for talks with the British Government
  • 1972 7 people are killed in separate incidents across Northern Ireland
  • 1973 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river (India)
  • 1973 All women board of directors takes control of ABA's Kentucky Colonels
  • 1973 Shoelace Park in the Bronx named
  • 1976 119 women joined the Corps of Cadets, establishing the first class of women in the US Military Academy at West Point
  • 1976 Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA; succeeded by E Henry Knoche
  • 1977 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City

  • 1978 Solomon Islands declares independence from UK
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
  • 1980 Institution of Sharia law in Iran
  • 1980 The Safra massacre in Lebanon
  • 1981 The solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, successfully completes a 163 mile flight across the English Channel
  • 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor nominated for the Supreme Court
  • 1983 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1984 5 die in a train crash in Williston, Vermont
  • 1986 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
  • 1986 Jordan government shuts al-Fatah offices
  • 1986 Supreme Court struck down Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Soviet General and spy for the US Dmitri Polyakov arrested in retirement in Russia (executed 1988)

Soviet General and Cold War Spy Dmitri Polyakov
Soviet General and Cold War Spy
Dmitri Polyakov
  • 1987 Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women
  • 1987 Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North begins public testimony at Iran-Contra hearing
  • 1988 Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1988 Five prominent anti-apartheid activists are released in Cape Town, South Africa after being detained for up to two years under the Internal Security Act
  • 1993 Guntis Ulmanis elected president of Latvia
  • 1993 Prodigy announces it will offer Cox newspapers
  • 1994 North Yemenite troops occupy Aden
  • 1995 Memphis Mad Dogs 1st CFL home game (vs BC Lions)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-71 (Atlantis 14), lands
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 78 (Columbia 20), lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Nelson Mandela steps down as President of South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1997 Tower, Minnesota temperature dips to 24°F
  • 2001 In his first appearance at Daytona since the death of father Dale Earnhardt Sr., Dale Jr. wins Pepsi 400 coming from 7th with 9 laps remaining to beat teammate Michael Waltrip
  • 2002 A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, supposed European Al Qaeda leader
  • 2003 The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed
  • 2005 Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London's public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700

  • 2005 Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledge to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Pope Benedict XVI issues the Apostolic Letter Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Tridentine Mass

265th Pope Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 2011 Roof of a stand in De Grolsch Veste Stadium in Enschede which was under construction collapses, one killed and 14 injured.
  • 2012 Floods in the Krasnodar region, Russia, kill 140 people
  • 2013 10 people are killed after an air taxi crashes in Soldotna, Alaska
  • 2014 Israel launches a "counter-terrorist operation" dubbed Operation Protective Edge against Hamas in Gaza
  • 2016 In Dallas Texas, lone gunman shots and kills five police officers, wounding others during a protest march against fatal police shootings of African Americans
  • 2016 Deadlock in battle for Aleppo broken when Russian air strikes cut rebel access to the city, 250,000 people put under siege
  • 2017 Tesla Motors produces its first mass-market car, the Model 3
  • 2017 G-20 summit of world leaders begins in Hamburg, Germany amid violent protests
  • 2017 United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty adopted in New York, without participation of nuclear countries
  • 2019 Greek national elections won by center-right New Democracy party headed by Kyriakos Mitsotakis
  • 2019 Nigeria, Africa' biggest economy, joins the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), in attempt to create world's largest free trade area
  • 2019 Mississippi closes all its beaches due to toxic algae bloom due to flooding of the Mississippi River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro announces he has tested positive for COVID-19

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro
  • 2020 Texas records more than 10,000 daily cases of COVID-19 for the 1st time
  • 2020 India surpasses Russia to become the world's third-worst affected country, daily coronavirus cases exceeding 20,000 and total cases over 700,000
  • 2020 Violent protests in Belgrade, Serbia, at government announcement of weekend lockdown due to coronavirus surge