Events in History on July 8

  • 939 The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
  • 1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

Historic Event

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, will become the 1st European to reach India by sea

  • 1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan

Historic Event

1663 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

Historic Event

1672 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands

  • 1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1693 NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • 1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen, a Danish-Norwegian force under Peter Tordenskjold traps and defeats Swedish force

Historic Event

1731 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches his sermon "God Glorified in Man's Dependence" in Boston, later his first published sermon

  • 1741 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches perhaps the most famous of all American sermons "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" at Enfield, Connecticut, part of the Great Awakening
  • 1758 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 Colonel John Nixon gives the 1st public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia

  • 1777 Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery
  • 1778 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • 1797 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • 1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom
  • 1833 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty

Historic Event

1836 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon

  • 1838 Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1849 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named

Historic Event

1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

  • 1859 King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • 1861 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory
  • 1862 Theodore R. Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity

Historic Event

1862 US Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act signed by Abraham Lincoln (not enforced)

  • 1864 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1870 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection
  • 1870 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1874 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • 1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • 1891 61°F, highest temperature for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
  • 1892 American Psychological Association organized in Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1892 St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892
  • 1895 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa

Historic Event

1896 Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

Presidential Convention

1896 Orator William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

  • 1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip

Battle of Interest

1898 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila

  • 1905 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • 1905 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies' on NY Theater roof
  • 1908 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1911 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontinenal trip by horse
  • 1912 G.E.V. Crutchley playing for Oxford scores 99 not out, retires with measles v Cambridge

Historic Invention

1913 Alfred Carlton Gilbert's patent for the Erector Set is issued, it becomes one of the most popular toys of all time

Historic Event

1915 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

Historic Event

1923 Walter Mittelholzer flies a Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland

Historic Event

1923 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

  • 1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • 1932 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucshire
  • 1933 US Public Works Administration becomes effective
  • 1941 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • 1943 4th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Nazi General Model uses last tank reserve
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-232

Meeting of Interest

1943 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

  • 1943 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta, Tunisia
  • 1944 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • 1947 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • 1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
  • 1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1949 South Africa's Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other races [1]
  • 1950 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)

Historic Event

1950 General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea

  • 1950 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea
  • 1953 US stops aid to Persia
  • 1954 Military junta selects colonel Armas President of Guatemala
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Conference of Interest

1957 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

Historic Event

1957 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

  • 1961 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • 1961 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • 1963 Reports of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's to Oakland
  • 1963 US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
  • 1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi
  • 1966 US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
  • 1967 Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
  • 1968 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 1969 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer
  • 1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
  • 1971 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; riots erupt, the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraw from Stormont in protest
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

1975 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

  • 1975 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated

Election of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford announced he'll seek Republican presidential nomination

  • 1976 Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break
  • 1977 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)
  • 1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
  • 1978 Sandro Pertini elected the 7th President of the Italian Republic
  • 1979 Don Martina's MAN party wins election in Dutch Antilles
  • 1979 The Democratic Republic of the Congo adoptsa new constitution

Voyager 2 Spacecraft

1979 Voyager 2 takes 1st ever photo of Jupiter's satellite Adrastea (J14)

  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1981 French Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
  • 1981 Senate confirms Sandra Day O'Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
  • 1982 Porn star John Homes convicted of receiving stolen property
  • 1982 Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized
  • 1986 Farthest thrown object-an "Aerobie" flying ring, 383 m (1,257')
  • 1986 NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain & Quality Assurance
  • 1986 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987 Kitty Dukakis reveals an addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
  • 1988 Indians' Bud Black sets club record for most batters hit in inning (3)
  • 1988 Miami Arena opens in Miami, Florida
  • 1989 Carlos Saul Menum becomes President of Argentina
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1990 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
  • 1992 Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities
  • 1992 Thomas Klestil installed as President of Austria
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs female 2K world record (5:25.36)
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches
  • 1994 St Maarten "Godfather" Claude Wathey sentenced to 1½ years
  • 1995 1st CFL game between 2 US teams, Las Vegas Posse vs Sacramento Gold
  • 1997 NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join

Historic Publication

1999 "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" the 3rd book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published by Bloomsbury in the UK

  • 1999 Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida
  • 2000 "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", the 4th book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published in the UK (Bloomsbury) and the US (Scholastic)
  • 2003 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries

Historic Event

2008 American businessman T. Boone Pickens announces his "Pickens Plan", an energy policy that moves away from imported oil

  • 2011 Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program
  • 2012 Roadside car bomb kills 14 civilians in Afghanistan's Kandahar Province

Election of Interest

2012 Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Peña Nieto's win in the country's presidential election

  • 2013 42 people killed, hundreds injured after the Egyptian army raids a sit-in protest in Cairo
  • 2013 A dozen people are killed and injured after a hotel collapses in Hyderabad, India

Historic Event

2014 Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu instructs his defence forces to "take their gloves off" against Hamas and to take any means necessary to "restore peace" to Israeli citizens

  • 2015 The New York Stock Exchange stops trading for nearly four hours due to a technical error
  • 2016 Italian designer Maria Grazia Chiuri is the first woman to be appointed artistic director at French fashion house Christian Dior
  • 2017 Unesco declares Asmara, capital of Eritrea, a world heritage site for its Art Deco buildings

Historic Event

2018 British Brexit Secretary David Davis resigns in a stand against Theresa May's new softer Brexit policy

  • 2018 Eritrea and Ethiopia announce re-establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries after almost 20 years in Asmara, Eritrea
  • 2018 Four boys are the first to be rescued after 16 days, from Tham Luang cave, Thailand, by Thai and international rescue team
  • 2019 Congolese general and rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in the Hague
  • 2019 Deutsche Bank begins laying off 18,000 employees worldwide as part of large overhaul of its operations
  • 2019 US financier Jeffrey Epstein indicted on further charges of sex trafficking of minors
  • 2020 Americans and Polynesians made contact around 1200 A.D. according to new genomic study in "Nature", people from eastern Polynesia had DNA from indigenous Colombia
  • 2020 Australian city of Melbourne goes back into lockdown for six weeks after second outbreak of 700 active cases
  • 2020 US government issues directive that more than 1 million international students will be stripped of their visas if their courses entirely online

Historic Event

2021 A tiny Leonardo da Vinci sketch "Head of a Bear", the size of a post-it sells for £8.9 million ($12.2 m) at auction in London [1]

  • 2021 Global known death toll from COVID-19 passes 4 million (equal to all deaths in battle since 1982) [1]
  • 2021 Japan says the Olympics will be held without spectators as Tokyo announces state of emergency due to a surge in COVID-19

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden says US troops will withdraw from Afghanistan by August 31, despite increased Taliban gains across the country

  • 2021 Zaila Avant-garde, American student, age 14, from Harvey, Louisiana, wins Scripps National Spelling Bee title


2022 Former Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe assassinated while giving a speech in Nara, Japan