On This Day

Events in History on July 9

  • 455 Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 660 Battle of Hwangsanbeol: At Nonsan, China a 50,000 strong Silla force led by general Kim Yu-shin annihilate the army of Baekje and kill their leader general Gyebaek
  • 711 Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupy North Spain
  • 1357 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague
  • 1371 Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1386 Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat duke Leopold III of Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1401 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
Tamerlane
  • 1517 Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1541 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire
  • 1553 Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades
  • 1572 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • 1672 William III inaugurated as viceroy of Holland/Zealand
  • 1686 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg

BattleBattle of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's warship Elisabeth battles HMS Lion

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

  • 1755 Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during French and Indian War
  • 1766 British premier Rockingham resigns
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
  • 1780 Denmark declares neutrality
  • 1789 French Revolution: the National Assembly renames itself the National Constituent Assembly
  • 1790 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • 1795 James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 1800 Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1807 Second Treaty of Tilsit signed by France, Russia and Prussia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire
  • 1815 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord takes office as the first Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • 1816 Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • 1835 St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • 1842 Notary Stamp Law passes
  • 1846 Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • 1846 The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress
  • 1852 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada

  • 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry and four US Navy vessels visit Japan to force them to open up to American trade and end their policy of isolation
  • 1860 Temperature hits 115°F in Fort Scott and 112°F in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1862 General John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1863 John Hunt Morgan's cavalry aid into Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • 1863 Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • 1864 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1867 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1868 1st African American cabinet member in South Carolina, Francis L Cardozo as Secretary of State
  • 1868 Louisiana and South Carolina are the last states to ratify the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • 1872 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • 1878 American inventor Henry Tibbe patents an improved corncob pipe design

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Daniel Hale Williams III repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1900 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • 1908 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • 1910 Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude
  • 1914 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
  • 1915 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • 1916 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany

Historic CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

1917 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804
Learn More >>

HMS Vanguard in 1909
HMS Vanguard in 1909
  • 1918 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1918 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Coup under General Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • 1927 William T Francis named US minister to Liberia
  • 1932 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian federal government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1940 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • 1941 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • 1943 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-435
  • 1944 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls
  • 1944 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft

HeartEngagement of Interest

1947 Engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Spain votes for Franco monarchy

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1948 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless innings for Cleveland in St. Louis
  • 1950 13.15" (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1953 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • 1955 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff
  • 1955 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1957 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
  • 1958 Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock & ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Andy Warhol's first West Coast gallery exhibition in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles

Pop Artist Andy Warhol
Pop Artist
Andy Warhol
  • 1963 Crusher Lisowski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 John Edrich completes 310* v NZ in 532 minutes, 52 fours 5 sixes
  • 1965 Senators Frank Howard ties record with 7 strikeouts in DH
  • 1968 15.68" (39.83 cm) of rainfall, Columbus, Mississippi (state 24-hour record)
  • 1970 In Atlanta, Chief-No-ka-homa is joined by cousin Chief Round-the-Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Henry Kissinger visits the People's Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, re-buried in Nkroful, Ghana

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1972 Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast
  • 1972 The ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end

  • 1973 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 Pierre Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian parliamentary election

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1975 The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system
  • 1976 England all out for 71 v WI at Old Trafford, Holding 14 5-7-17-5
  • 1976 Houston Astro Larry Dierker no-hits Montreal Expos, 6-0
  • 1976 Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
  • 1978 American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
  • 1978 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington, D.C. for ERA
  • 1979 Dr Walter Massey named director of Argonne National Laboratory

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

1979 Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter
Learn More >>

NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
  • 1979 A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 7 die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten sentenced to 10 years
  • 1981 Jacksons begin a 36-city tour
  • 1982 Botham scores 208 in 225 balls, England v India at The Oval
  • 1982 Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner La, killing 153
  • 1982 Michael Fagan breaks into Buckingham Palace and enters the Queen's bedroom in Buckingham Palace, London
  • 1984 12th Century York Minster damaged in lightning storm
  • 1985 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • 1986 Atlanta's Dale Murphy doesn't play ending consecutive streak at 740
  • 1986 Attorney General's Commission on pornography links hard-core porn to sex crimes
  • 1986 The New Zealand parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Bill legalising consensual sex between men aged 16 and older
  • 1987 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime
  • 1987 Colonel Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence
  • 1988 Chris Speier hits for the cycle & Ernest Riles hits 10,000th Giant HR
  • 1989 Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS 50 (Columbia 13) lands
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs world record 2k (5:25.36)
  • 1994 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-18 lands after successful trip to Mir spacestation
  • 1995 US international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Former South African President F. W. de Klerk is implicated of knowing and condoning a 'dirty tricks' campaign that was waged against the ANC between 1990 and the 1994 election in a bid to destabilise the organisation

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1996 US Senate approves 90 cent raise to $4.25 minimum wage
  • 1999 Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran
  • 2002 The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 At least 122 people killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions
  • 2011 South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2014 Joko Widodo is elected President of Indonesia

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo
  • 2014 Typhoon Rammasun begins and kills 151 people
  • 2014 Spokesperson for Medical Aid for Palestinians claims that at least 7 children have been killed by Israeli air strikes
  • 2015 Chuck Blazer receives a lifetime ban from FIFA and all football related activity due to corruption

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 CEO Elon Musk is the first owner of Telsa's first mass market electric car - the Model 3

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

2017 Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi proclaims victory over Islamic State forces in Mosul

Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
Haider al-Abadi
  • 2017 Hundreds of thousands protest against the Turkish government at a rally in Istanbul, Turkey

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

2018 US President Donald Trump names Brett Kavanaugh as his Supreme Court nominee

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2018 Bright pink is the world's oldest biological colour according to scientists, produced by tiny cyanobacteria in 1.1bn-year-old marine shale rock from Taoudeni basin, Mauritania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigns after Theresa May takes a softer Brexit stance

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • 2018 Jeremy Hunt becomes UK Foreign Secretary after Boris Johnson's resignation
  • 2018 Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed officially end the "no war, no peace" peace deal made in 2000 in Eritrea's capital, Asmara
  • 2018 Train derailment kills 24 in the Turkish province of Tekirdag
  • 2018 4 more boys are rescued from Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped there with 8 others and their coach for 17 days by monsoon flooding (4 boys and their coach remain)
  • 2018 US coffee company Starbucks announces it will stop using plastic straws by 2020, reducing use of more than 1 billion straws a year
  • 2019 Northern Ireland MPs vote to extend same-sex marriage and make abortion legal to bring it in line with rest of UK
  • 2019 Indian restaurateur "dosa king" P. Rajagopal finally begins his life sentence for organizing a murder, 15 years after he was convicted