On This Day

Events in History on June 1

  • 4000 BC Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
  • 193 Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

794 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1204 King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen

BattleBattle of Interest

1215 Beijing, under control of Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1283 Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
  • 1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria
  • 1459 Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
  • 1485 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1495 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1526 Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief

CrownRoyal Coronation

1533 Anne Boleyn crowned Queen of England

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1562 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1568 Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
  • 1608 Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-government
  • 1638 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Massachusetts

  • 1641 France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • 1657 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1670 English King Charles II & French King Louis XIV sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Battle of InterestBattle of Öland

1676 Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79)
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An allied Danish-Dutch fleet battles the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, off the east coast of Öland
An allied Danish-Dutch fleet battles the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, off the east coast of Öland
  • 1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
  • 1746 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774 Boston Port Act: Following the passage of the act, the British government orders Port of Boston closed to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
  • 1789 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792 Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • 1796 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 1808 1st US land-grant university founded as Ohio University in Athens, Ohio
  • 1809 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • 1813 Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1834 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 1835 6th national black convention (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town in South Africa

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1843 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1845 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1855 US adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 1857 Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal (The Flowers of Evil) is published.
  • 1861 1st skirmish in US Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia
  • 1861 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • 1861 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, Virginia
  • 1861 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • 1862 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Virginia (11,165 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 African Slave Trade Treaty Act: Bilateral treaty between the US and UK abolishing the slave trade in all US possessions
  • 1864 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • 1864 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool
  • 1866 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • 1868 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • 1868 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico

InventionHistoric Invention

1869 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for the Electric Vote Recorder (U.S. Patent 90,646)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1877 Society of American Artists forms
  • 1877 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

Declaration of WarAnglo-Zulu War

1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
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Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
Napoleon, Prince Imperial, head of the House of Bonaparte, is killed during the Anglo-Zulu War
  • 1880 The first pay telephone service in the United States is installed in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1880 US census is 50,155,783
  • 1881 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • 1886 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31
  • 1888 California gets its 1st seismograph
  • 1890 US census at 62,622,250
  • 1898 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • 1900 British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1907 -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
  • 1908 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • 1911 1st US group insurance policy written in Passaic, New Jersey
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Sports Championships close in London
  • 1913 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircraft over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1919 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • 1920 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes President of Mexico
  • 1922 Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1926 Ignacy Mocicki elected President of Poland
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US and Canada opens
  • 1932 Franz von Papen becomes Reich Chancellor of Germany
  • 1933 Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
  • 1935 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • 1936 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • 1937 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Edith Wharton suffers a heart attack and collapses at the French country home of Ogden Codman

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1939 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • 1939 Retired German Colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • 1940 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • 1941 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • 1941 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1941 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • 1943 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day
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"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • 1944 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • 1945 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • 1947 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • 1947 The development of photosensitive glass, which had occurred ten years previously, is announced publicly
  • 1948 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • 1949 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • 1951 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
  • 1951 International Cheese treaty signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

Writer André Gide
André Gide
  • 1955 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • 1957 Don Bowden becomes first American to run a sub-4 minute mile (3:58.7) at the Pacific Association AAU Meet in Stockton, California
  • 1958 Belgian christian-democrats win parliamentary election

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1958 Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1959 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
  • 1961 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • 1962 Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1962 SS officer Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Kenya becomes a republic with Jomo Kenyatta as its 1st President

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1965 A Penzias & R Wilson detect 3°K primordial background radiation
  • 1965 Coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236
  • 1966 2,400 people attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

  • 1966 Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
  • 1966 Shortwave station Radio NY Worldwide changes calls from WRUL to WNYW
  • 1967 Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, D.C.
  • 1970 Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing "Ball Four"
  • 1970 Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days
  • 1972 Tswanaland becomes Bophuthatswana in South Africa
  • 1972 West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader
  • 1972 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1973 Greek President Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"
  • 1973 Eight OPEC countries raise price of petroleum by 11.9 percent
  • 1974 Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Washington
  • 1974 Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincolnshire killing 28 in UK
  • 1974 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine
  • 1974 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1975 Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
  • 1976 Great Britain and Iceland end the "cod war"
  • 1977 British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
  • 1977 Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason
  • 1978 High Council destroys judgment against war criminal Pieter Menten
  • 1978 The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed
  • 1979 Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
  • 1979 Ted Coombs begins 5,193 mile roller skate from Los Angeles to New York City
  • 1979 Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1979 The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1979 Los Angeles passes its first homosexual rights bill
  • 1980 ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa
  • 1984 KWK-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KGLD
  • 1984 Netherlands' Lubbers government gives 48 sites for cruise missiles
  • 1986 40th Tony Awards: I'm Not Rappaport & Mystery of Edwin Drood win

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1986 Danielle Steel’s romance novel “Wanderlust” is published

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel

  • 1988 "Morton Downey Jr Show" debuts in TV syndication
  • 1988 Train crash kills two in Zeeland, Netherlands
  • 1989 62nd National Spelling Bee: Scott Isaacs wins spelling spoliator
  • 1990 Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97
  • 1992 E Lamps (20 year lightbulb) introduced
  • 1992 Snowfall in Colorado
  • 1993 Brooklyn NY begins recycling
  • 1993 Guatemala president Jorge Serrano overthrown by army
  • 1993 Melchior Ndadaye elected President of Burundi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 US General Norman Schwarzkopf released from hospital after prostate surgery

US General Norman Schwarzkopf
US General
Norman Schwarzkopf
  • 1995 68th National Spell Bee: Justin Tyler Carroll wins spelling xanthosis
  • 1996 Sony does not renew lease on megatron in Times Square
  • 1996 H. D. Deve Gowda becomes Prime Minister of India
  • 1997 10th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $5,400,186
  • 1997 51st Tony Awards: Titanic & Last Night of Ballyhoo win
  • 1997 After a huge 7-month buildup, Donovan Bailey of Canada beats American superstar Michael Johnson in 150m race in Toronto; disappointingly, Johnson pulls up at 110m mark with quadriceps injury
  • 1997 LA Dodger Wilton Guerrero's bat breaks, revealing it is corked
  • 1997 Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
  • 1998 European Central Bank is founded in Brussels to define and execute the European Union's monetary policy
  • 1998 Australian Susie Maroney becomes first person to swim from Mexico to Cuba across shark and jellyfish-infested waters of the Yucatan Straits; swims 123-miles in 38 hours 33 minutes in a cage
  • 2000 The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) is signed.
  • 2001 Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
  • 2001 Dolphinarium massacre: an Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv
  • 2003 The People's Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam
  • 2005 The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution results in its rejection
  • 2005 The longest oil/natural gas explosion in the Houston, Texas area occurs in Crosby, Texas. The drill was owned by the Louisiana Oil and Gas Company.
  • 2007 Jack Kevorkian is released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for the 1998 second-degree murder of Thomas Youk
  • 2009 Air France Flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil on a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. All 228 passengers and crew were killed.
  • 2009 General Motors files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.
  • 2013 Bayern Munich defeat VfB Stuttgart 3-2 to win the DFB-Pokal and become the first German treble-winning team
  • 2015 Cruise ship carrying 458 people capsizes on Yangtze River, less than 50 survive
  • 2016 Switzerland’s Gotthard Base Tunnel is completed - world’s longest at 57km and most expensive tunnel costing €11bn

Book releaseHistoric Publication

2017 “Beren and Lúthien,” compiled and edited by Christopher Tolkien from his father J.R.R. Tolkien's archives is published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien

AgreementAgreement of Interest

2017 US President Donald Trump announces the US is withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2018 Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy forced out of office by a no-confidence vote in parliament, filed by Socialist leader Pedro Sánchez
  • 2018 Law professor Giuseppe Conte is sworn in as Italian Prime Minister as head of a populist coalition
  • 2018 Rouzan al-Najjar, a 22 year-old Palestinian medic is shot and killed by Israeli forces on the Gaza border, causing widespread condmnation
  • 2018 US unemployment rate falls to 3.8%, lowest since 2000
  • 2020 US President Trump threatens to employ the military to quell protests across the country sparked by the death of George Floyd then walks with staff to St. John’s Church