Events in History on June 11

  • 1184 BC Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes
  • 631 Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk for the release of Chinese prisoners captured during transition from Sui to Tang from northern frontier; succeeds in freeing 80,000
  • 758 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1144 Basilica of St Denis is dedicated near Paris, the first fully Gothic church
  • 1231 Harderwijk (Netherlands) becomes a city
  • 1345 Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners
  • 1429 Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau (France)
  • 1488 Battle of Sauchieburn, rebellion against the Scottish crown results in death of King James III
  • 1517 Sir Thomas Pert reaches Hudson Bay
  • 1572 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1578 England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize North America

Historic Event

1594 Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, creating a ruling class of native nobility known as the Principalía

  • 1644 Florentine scientist Evangelista Torricelli describes his invention of the mercury barometer in 1643 in a letter to Michelangelo Ricci
  • 1666 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • 1676 Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden

Historic Event

1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II

Historic Event

1690 English king William III departs to Ireland

  • 1699 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain
  • 1726 Cardinal Fleury succeeds Duke of Bourbon as French premier

Historic Invention

1742 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

Historic Discovery

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia

  • 1774 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 Continental Congress creates committee to draft a Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston as members

  • 1788 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska
  • 1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 1797 Spanish Mission San José founded by Franciscan Padre Fermin Francisco de Lasuen at the Ohlone Village of Oroysom in Alta California (now Freemont, California)
  • 1816 Gas Light Co of Baltimore founded
  • 1825 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City
  • 1837 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans
  • 1864 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf, in San Francisco, washed away in storm
  • 1864 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
  • 1864 Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
  • 1864 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • 1864 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War, begins in Louisa County, Virginia
  • 1866 The Agra High Court (now the Allahabad High Court) is established in India
  • 1870 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1876 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidential candidate

  • 1878 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • 1891 Puerto Rican flag adopted
  • 1895 Charles Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • 1896 US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
  • 1898 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • 1900 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha

Historic Event

1900 David Beatty and 150 men from HMS Barfleur land as part of a force of 2,400 defending Tientsin from 15,000 Chinese troops plus Boxers

  • 1901 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • 1904 German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • 1905 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • 1907 Northants all out for 12 v Gloucestershire
  • 1911 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution

Historic Event

1911 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

  • 1913 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI

Historic Event

1917 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens

Historic Event

1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for US president

  • 1921 Brazil adopts women's suffrage
  • 1924 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 1924 Koos Vorrink elected President of Arbeiders Jeugd Organisatie (AJC) Socialist Youth Movement

Historic Event

1927 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross

  • 1934 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • 1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey
  • 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • 1936 Presbyterian Church of America founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races", directed by Sam Wood, is released in the US
  • 1938 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years

Historic Event

1939 King and Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

Historic Event

1940 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans

  • 1940 Italy declares war on Allies
  • 1940 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy
  • 1940 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta
  • 1941 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • 1941 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews
  • 1942 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1943 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 1944 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 1944 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • 1947 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)
  • 1951 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • 1951 NY Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found
  • 1955 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • 1957 12 die in a train crash in Vroman, Colorado
  • 1958 UN Security council sends observers to Lebanon
  • 1959 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)
  • 1959 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight
  • 1960 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • 1961 Norm Cash becomes 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium
  • 1962 Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so

Historic Event

1962 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale

Vietnamese Monk Burns Himself Alive

1963 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself at a Saigon intersection, creating one of the Vietnam War's most iconic images

  • 1963 Gov Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama
  • 1963 Greek government of Karamanlis resigns
  • 1963 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act"
  • 1964 Manfred Mann record Do Wah Diddy Diddy Dum Diddy Do
  • 1964 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1966 French and German media mistakenly report death of Roger Daltry
  • 1967 Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1967 Race riot in Tampa, Florida; National Guard mobilizes
  • 1970 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • 1971 US & Japan sign accord to return Okinawa to Japan
  • 1971 US ends ban on China trade
  • 1972 31°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio in June
  • 1972 Gun battle between Loyalist and Republican paramilitaries break out in the Oldpark area of Belfast
  • 1972 KPAT-AM in Berkeley, California returns to original call letters KRE, marking 50 years since first on-air broadcxast
  • 1973 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession
  • 1974 Bundy victim Georgann Hawkins disappears from UW, Seattle, Washington
  • 1975 1st oil pumped from North Sea oilfield
  • 1975 Greece adopts constitution
  • 1976 Anti-apartheid advocate Dumisa Ntsebeza arrested in South Africa
  • 1976 Australian band AC/DC begin their 1st headline tour of Britain
  • 1977 Dutch marines rescued hostages from a Moluccan held train in Holland
  • 1978 Christa Tybus of London sets record of 24½ hrs of hula-hoop
  • 1978 Joseph Freeman Jr is 1st black priest in Church Of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
  • 1980 K-Ingleside streetcar converts to METRO service (San Francisco)
  • 1981 Cannibal Issei Sagawa kills Dutch student
  • 1981 Richter Scale 6.9 magnitude Golbaf earthquake in Iran, kills at least 2,000
  • 1982 Israel and Syria stop fighting in Lebanon

Papal Visit

1982 Pope John Paul II visits Argentina

  • 1984 Funeral for S Nakagawa & burial of half of his ashes
  • 1984 US Supreme Court declares illegally obtained evidence may be admitted at trial if it could be proved that it would have been discovered legally
  • 1985 Russian space probe Vega 1 lands on Venus
  • 1985 Von Hayes becomes 21st to hit 2 HRs in an inning (Phils-26, Mets-7)
  • 1985 WJW-AM/TV in Cleveland Ohio change call letters to WRMR

Historic Event

1987 Margaret Thatcher is 1st British Prime Minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term

  • 1990 Federal judge sentenced former national security adviser John M Poindexter to 6 months for making false statements to Congress
  • 1990 Supreme Court says law prohibiting desecration of US flag unconstitutional
  • 1991 Microsoft releases MS DOS 5.0
  • 1994 Cbox is 39'115 long, 20'85 wide, & 8' high in Jacksonville, Fl Largest popcorn container is 6,619.76 cubic feet full of popped corn
  • 1994 Drunken police officer shoots 7 people dead in Falun, Sweden
  • 1994 Moshood Abiola becomes President of Nigeria
  • 1995 Rondell White has six hits & hits for the cycle in 13-innings

Historic Event

1996 Bob Dole, (Sen-R-KS), resigns from US senate to run for president

  • 1996 Exxon states that it will begin work on its $15-billion Sakhalin I oil and natural gas development in Russia's Far East
  • 1998 Compaq Computer pays $9.6 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation; largest high-tech acquisition at the time
  • 2001 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2002 Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress
  • 2004 Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe

Historic Event

2004 Ronald Reagan's funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral.

  • 2006 60th Tony Awards: Jersey Boys & The History Boys win

Historic Event

2008 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper made an official historic apology to Canada's First Nations in regard to a residential school abuse in which children were isolated from their homes, families and cultures for a century

  • 2009 Bulgarian authorities declare the country is officially in recession after dropping 1.6% in the last quarter of 2008
  • 2009 Texas mother hit by lightning while standing in her kitchen in her Texas home. Witnesses say lightning came through a light fixture, struck her chest and exited her foot. Survived after three days in hospital.

Swine Flu Pandemic

2009 The World Health Organization declares H1N1 swine flu to be a global pandemic, the first such incident in over forty years

  • 2012 23 people are killed after two villages are attacked in northern Nigeria
  • 2012 Five people are killed after an ambulance hits a roadside bomb in Afghanistan
  • 2012 The Nobel Prize is reduced by 20% to prevent any future undermining of capital
  • 2012 Two earthquakes in Afghanistan trigger landslides that kill more than 80 people
  • 2012 US territory Puerto Rico votes to become a US State
  • 2014 Islamic State of Iraq forces seize control of government offices and other important buildings in the northern city of Mosul
  • 2017 Jailbreak by militants in Beni, DR Congo kills 11 and frees 900 prisoners

Historic Event

2017 Japan passes law allowing Emperor Akihito to abdicate

  • 2017 Puerto Rico votes overwhelming in favor of statehood in a status referendum with 97% in favor despite a low turnout of 23%

Historic Event

2018 In landmark ruling, US Attorney General Jeff Sessions rejects El Salvador woman's asylum request based on domestic abuse

  • 2018 More than 100 people arrested in Vietnam, after protests against special economic zones at the People's Committee Headquarters in Binh Thuan province and elsewhere
  • 2018 Net neutrality is officially repealed by The Federal Communications Commission in the US

Historic Event

2018 Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez accepts migrant rescue ship Aquarius with 629 people on board after Italy refuses it

  • 2019 Botswana overturns law criminalizing same-sex relationships from colonial-era in landmark African LGBTQ case

Historic Event

2019 Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announces plan to ban single-use plastics by 2021

  • 2019 Russian journalist Ivan Golunov released from prison and drug charges dropped after major public outcry with unprecedented joint campaign by Russian news sources
  • 2019 WHO confirms first case of Ebola virus in Uganda, spread from outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2020 Bodies of 46 migrants recovered off the coast of Tunisia after a boat capsized a few days before
  • 2020 Pan-American Health Organisation warns pandemic spreading "exponentially" in many areas of the region, home to nearly half of all cases worldwide

Historic Event

2021 Pulitzer Prizes awarded to Katori Hall for drama, The New York Times for pandemic coverage and special citation for Darnella Frazier for recording the murder of George Floyd

  • 2021 US lobsterman survives being swallowed by a humpback whale off the coast of Provincetown, Massachusetts