Events in History on June 14

  • 1206 Chinese southern Song dynasty officially declares war on the northern Jin dynasty
  • 1276 While taking exile in Fuzhou, southern China, from advancing Mongol invaders, remnants of the Song Dynasty court hold coronation ceremony for young prince Zhao Shi, making him Emperor Duanzong of Song

Poll Tax Triggers the Peasants' Revolt

1381 Richard II in England meets leaders of the Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.

Historic Event

1535 Emperor Charles V's fleet sails under Andrea Doria to Tunis

  • 1565 Catharina de Medici and Duke of Alva discuss Calvinism
  • 1597 At 4:30 AM Willem Barents leaves Novaya Zemlya for Netherlands
  • 1615 Jacques Le Maire sails to Zuidland/Terra Australis
  • 1623 1st breach-of-promise lawsuit: Rev Gerville Pooley, Virginia files against Cicely Jordan, he loses
  • 1634 Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1642 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts

Victory in Battle

1645 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I

  • 1658 Battle of the Dunes: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during Franco-Spanish War
  • 1673 Battle at Schooneveld: Michiel de Ruyter beats French/English fleet

Historic Event

1775 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War

Historic Event

1777 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag, designed by Francis Hopkinson, replacing the Grand Union flag

Mutiny on the Bounty

1789 Captain William Bligh and his loyal men cast offf from HMS Bounty reach Timor, after sailing 5,800 km in a 6-metre launch

Historic Event

1797 Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic

  • 1800 Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs Austria
  • 1807 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition
  • 1821 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end

Historic Event

1822 Charles Babbage proposes a "difference engine" in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables"

  • 1834 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • 1834 Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
  • 1839 First Henley Regatta held (it became the Henley Royal Regatta in 1851)
  • 1841 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • 1846 Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • 1846 California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico

Historic Invention

1847 Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner

  • 1850 Third great fire of early San Francisco, starts in a bakery chimney

Historic Event

1861 Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance

  • 1863 Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864 US Union warship USS Kearsarge appears off Cherbourg
  • 1872 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • 1876 1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
  • 1898 France signs Niger Convention
  • 1900 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • 1900 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy
  • 1904 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • 1904 Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • 1906 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1907 Government of Transvaal sends home 50,000 Chinese day workers
  • 1907 Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections
  • 1908 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing of the building of another four major warships

Historic Event

1913 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi

Presidential Convention

1916 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"

  • 1916 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • 1917 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1917 General Pershing and his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • 1919 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland

Radio Premiere

1922 US President Warren G. Harding is 1st US President to use radio, dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore

  • 1924 WOKO-AM radio begins transmitting from Albany NY

Presidential Convention

1928 Republican National Convention, meeting in Kansas City, nominates Herbert Hoover for President

  • 1929 Prussia and Vatican sign Concord
  • 1931 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • 1932 German government of von Papen forms

Meeting of Interest

1934 European despots Adolf Hitler, of Germany, and Benito Mussolini, of Italy, meet in Vienna, Austria

  • 1934 WOQ-AM in Kansas City Missouri goes off the air
  • 1935 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends
  • 1936 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens in Germany
  • 1938 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • 1938 Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)

Historic Event

1940 Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs, later expanded to include civilian Jews and gypsies (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)

  • 1940 German forces enter Paris during WWII
  • 1940 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • 1941 Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia

Historic Event

1941 Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) in Wichita, Kansas

  • 1942 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • 1942 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • 1944 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Historic Event

1944 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

  • 1946 Canadian Library Association established
  • 1948 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1949 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

  • 1951 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau
  • 1952 General strike in Tunisia
  • 1952 Keel laid for 1st nuclear powered sub USS Nautilus (4th to be named Nautilus)

Historic Event

1953 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy's book burning proposal

  • 1953 Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • 1954 President Eisenhower signs order adding words "under God" to the Pledge
  • 1955 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1957 42.0 cm rain falls on East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1958 British parachutists lands on Cyprus
  • 1961 106°F, hottest temperature in San Francisco
  • 1962 Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders Anna Slesers, his first victim
  • 1962 The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris - later becoming the European Space Agency
  • 1963 Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times in 5 days
  • 1966 Dutch police beat construction workers, 60 injured

Historic Event

1967 California Governor Ronald Reagan signs the Therapeutic Abortion Act, legalizing abortions in the state under certain circumstances, the second state after Colorado to do so

  • 1967 Mariner 5 Launch (Venus Flyby)
  • 1967 USSR launches Kosmos 166 for observation of Sun from Earth orbit
  • 1968 "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" second studio album by Iron Butterfly is released
  • 1968 Off duty Dutch military permitted to wear regular clothing
  • 1972 Members of the NI Social Democratic and Labour Party hold a meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army in Derry; the IRA representatives outline their conditions for talks with the British Government
  • 1972 Tropical storm (later hurricane) Agnes forms over Yucatán Peninsula
  • 1973 46th National Spelling Bee: Barrie Trinkle wins spelling vouchsafe

Historic Event

1973 US President Richard Nixon administration imposes 60-day economy-wide price freeze, superseding Special Rule No. 1 for oil companies

  • 1975 Janis Ian releases "At Seventeen"
  • 1975 USSR launches Venera 10 for Venus landing
  • 1976 "Gong Show" premieres on TV (syndication)
  • 1978 Sierra Leone adopts constitution
  • 1983 5 killed in a fire at a Ramada Inn in Fort Worth, Tx
  • 1984 Southern Baptist convention decide on no women clergy members
  • 1985 Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists hijacked TWA Flight 847
  • 1987 4th full-duration test firing of redesigned SRB motor
  • 1989 Groundbreaking begins in Bloomington, Minnesota on world's largest mall - "The Mall of America"
  • 1989 Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II (honorary knighthood)
  • 1990 NL announces plans to expand from 12 to 14 teams for 1993 season
  • 1990 Supreme Court rules police check for drunk drivers constitutional
  • 1991 Leroy Burrell of USA sets 100m record (9.90) in NYC
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 40 (Columbia 12) lands
  • 1992 Mona Van Duyn is named 1st female US poet laureate
  • 1993 Japanese space probe Sakigake passes Earth
  • 1993 Tansu Ciller appointed 1st female premier of Turkey
  • 1996 Karl Krikken out handled the ball for Derbyshire v Indians
  • 2001 China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan form the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
  • 2012 An explosion at an Indian steel plant kills 11 people and severely injures 16
  • 2012 The world's first stem-cell assisted vein transplant is undertaken by Swedish doctors on a 10 year old girl

Election of Interest

2013 Hassan Rouhani is elected President of Iran

  • 2013 Massive flooding occurs in northern India killing up to 10,000 people

Historic Event

2013 The US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of government property

  • 2014 49 people are killed after a Ukrainian Ilyushin Il-76 airlifter is shot down
  • 2014 Alexander Stubb becomes Prime Minister of Finland
  • 2016 First mammal made extinct by human-induced climate change announced - the Bramble Cay melomys from Torres Strait
  • 2017 Fire in Grenfell Tower block in London, England kills 79 and injures 37
  • 2017 Leo Varadkar formally elected Irish Prime Minister (taoiseach) in Dáil ceremony in Dublin - youngest Irish Prime Minister at 38 and 1st openly gay
  • 2017 US Library of Congress names Tracey K. Smith as Poet Laureate
  • 2017 US Senate approves new sanctions against Russia as punishment for meddling in the 2016 election
  • 2018 Malaysia's national debt reassessed at $250 billion, up from previous estimate $170 billion, 80% of gross domestic product
  • 2018 US government confirms 1500 boys being held separated from their parents in Casa Padre, shelter facility for illegal immigrants in a former Walmart in Brownsville, Texas

Historic Event

2018 US Justice Department concludes James Comey was "insubordinate" in his handling of Hilliary Clinton investigation in 2016

  • 2019 Petition to create world's first "time free zone" on Sommaroy island which has complete daylight for 2 months, delivered to the Norwegian parliament
  • 2019 Swiss women hold a national strike over the country's slow pace towards equality
  • 2020 India reports surge of nearly 12,000 a day confirmed COVID-19 cases (320,922 overall), the world's fourth-affected country, as death toll hits 9,195
  • 2021 Heatwave event begins across western US and Canadian states with Denver at 101 degrees and Helena 105 degrees
  • 2022 Denmark and Canada agree to split the arctic Hans Island, ending their 50-year "Whiskey War", where each country laid claim by buying whiskey on the island [1]
  • 2022 First controversial UK flight to take asylum seekers to Rwanda cancelled after last-minute legal ruling from European Court of Human Rights of "real risk of irreversible harm" [1]
  • 2022 Last part of the world's largest floating restaurant, the Jumbo Kingdom seafood restaurant, leaves Hong Kong after 46 years (sinks four days later near the Paracel islands Islands) [1]